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of 31 available terms

5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. mutation
  2. ribose
  3. codon
  4. start codon
  5. nucleotide
  1. a three-nucleotide sequence on messenger RNA that codes for a single amino acid
  2. b AUG that signals the start of translation
  3. c change in a DNA sequence that affects genetic information
  4. d The building block of a nucleic acid, consisting of a five-carbon sugar covalently bonded to a nitrogenous bas and a phosphate group.
  5. e a five-carbon sugar present in RNA

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. ribonucleic acid
  2. discovered structure of DNA
  3. RNA directs the assembly of amino acids into proteins
  4. the transfer of genetic material in the form of DNA fragments from one cell to another or from one organism to another
  5. complementary nitrogenous bases are bonded by these weak bonds

5 True/False Questions

  1. mRNAmessenger RNA; type of RNA that carries instructions from DNA in the nucleus to the ribosome


  2. proteinthree-nucleotide sequence on messenger RNA that codes for a single amino acid


  3. nitrogenous basecarbon ring structure found in DNA or RNA that contains one or more atoms of nitrogen; includes adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine and uracil


  4. stop codoncodon that specifies an amino acid that stops protein building


  5. complimentary base pairingMeans that a purine is always bonded to a pyrimidine (i.e. A with T, C with G, etc.)


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