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medical assistant

what is the most important means of preventing the spread of infection

handwashing

give two examples of bacteria

strep throat and UTI's

types of microorganisms are

viruses, bacteria, protozoa, fungi and rickettsiae

the process of killing all microorganisms

sterilization

you always ___ before entering a room if the door is closed

knock

the order when leaving isolation when you undress

gowns, gloves, masks, and eye wear

practices to achieve medical asepsis

principle of medical asepsis

what kind of enviroment do microorganism grow best in

nutrients, darkness, moisture, temperature and oxygen

the most prevalent type of nosocomial infections

UTI's and pneumonia

contamination

nonsterile

nosocomial infections

infections acquired in health care facilities

face masks are effective for (how long)

30 minutes

when washing your hands, they should be held

at a 45 degree angle below the elbows

the faucet is turned off with

a paper towel

drugs used to destroy or kill bacteria that cause disease

antibiotics

small infants can become anemic if too much blood is taken in a period of

24 hours

infected pressure sore on the skin

pressure ulcers, decubitus ulcers

carrier

an infected person without symptoms

antibiotics

chemicals that inhibit the growth of or kill other microorganisms

AIDS is caused by

HIV; blood and bloodborne pathogens

what are some of the symptoms of a cardiac arrest in a patient

loss of speech, pain on the left side of body

complication often seen in AIDS in patient

cold, low or nonexistent immune system; fevers that cant be fought off

AIDS can be transmitted by direct contact with infected

carriers; blood and bloodborne pathogens

the initials AIDS stand for

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

what is medical etiquette

manners in the medical field

what are some of the symptoms of a patient with and infection

coughing, sob, fever, nasal congestion

you should wash your hands for approximately (how long)

1 minute

when you wash your hands you should stand (how from the sink)

far enough that your shirt is not touching the sink

when using boiling water to disinfect an item how long should you boil the item

15 minutes

microoganism needs what to live and grow

darkeness, moisture, nutrients, temperatures, oyxgen

what should you do before entering an isolation room

check the door for directions on ppe

when entering isolation room always (do what)

leave the chart outside

good isolation procedure includes what

to prevent the spread of an infectious agent from an infected or colonized patient to susceptible persons.

cdc

centers for disease control and prevention

cap

college of americal pathologist

niosh

national institute for occupational safety and health

nccls

national committee for clinical laboratory standards

jcaho

joint commission on accreditation of healthcare organizations

osha

occupational safety and health administration

ppe

personal protective equipment

hbv

hepatitis b virus

hcv

hepatitis c virus

bloodborne pathogens

infected blood that fly in the air

engineering controls

an osha term for devices that e.g. sharp disposal; intended to isolate or remove bloodborne pathogens from the workplace

ubsp

urban basic services for the poor

sterilize

to destroy microorganisms

sharp

anything that can stick a person

latex allergy

hypersensitivity to products containing latex

antigen

any substance (as a toxin or enzyme) that stimulates the production of antibodies

anaphylaxis

exaggerated hypersensitivity reaction that in severe cases leads to vascular collapse, bronchospasm

disinfectant

an agent (as heat or radiation or a chemical) that destroys microorganisms that might carry disease

germicides

agents that destroy pathogenic organisms.

pathogenic

disease causing agents

rhinitis

inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nose

sterile

free from germs

antibodies

specialized proteins that aid in destroying infectious agents

spore

a thick walled cell formed within bacteria; capable of releasing a toxin

contagious

(of disease) capable of being transmitted by infection

suffocation

to choke; asphyxiation, stopping or respiration

oxygen

life sustaining gases for living things

sterilization

the procedure of making some object free of live bacteria or other microorganisms (usually by heat or chemical means)

decubitus ulcers

bed sores; pressure sores

nonpathogen

an infection that is not harmful

condition in which aerobes thriving in

infection that thrive in or on air

medical asepsis

practices used to remove or destroy pathogens and to prevent their spread from one person or place to another person or place; clean technique

flow meter (regulator) is for administering

oxygen

boiling water to disinfect how long should you boil the water

5 minutes

how long should you wash your hands

1 minute minimum

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