Fighting: Israel vs. Egypt and the Allies - Israel eventually held Sinai Peninsula, Gaza Strip, Golan Heights, and the West Bank. This fueled future conflicts.
Yom Kippur War
1973 - Syria and Egypt vs. Israel. Syria and Egypt took Israel by surprise, but the Israeli army soon took control and eventually gained more land than they lost. This war led to the Camp David Accords.
1973 Oil embargo on U.S.
OPEC decided not to export oil to countries that supported Israel in the Yom Kippur War, and the U.S. was affected greatly by this action.
Camp David Accords
Carter, Sadat, and Begin joined to discuss land ownership. Egypt received the Sinai Peninsula, Israel recieved the Suez Canal. MISSED OPPORTUNITY!
During the Camp David Accords, the leaders left out the conflict of Palestine and Israel, and did not discuss it, even though the opportune moment to resolve that conflict was during the Camp David Accords.
Arabic word for "uprising"
Palestinian Liberation Organization
1992 - Israeli Rabin and PLO's Arafat met. The Gaza Strip and West Bank were self-governed for the Palestinians, and Arafat agreed to recognize Israel as a country.
A Sunni Palestinian extremist group created after the Oslo Accords
A Shia Lebanese extremist organization started by Ayatollah Khomeini.
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
An Iranian secret service government organization
Iran-Iraq War causes
Iraq did not want the Islamic Revolution to spread into Iran, and Iran was also isolated because of the hostage crisis.
Gulf War effects
Economic sanctions were placed on Iraq by the U.N., the U.S. relationship with Iraq was over, U.N. inspectors were sent to Iraq to search for weapons of mass destruction.
USSR was afraid of the Islamic Revolution spreading into Afghanistan, and the USSR wanted to preserve its communist power.
Muslim guerilla warriors
An Islamic miltia that took over Afghanistani government in 1995
An international alliance of terrorist organizations in the Middle East