Middle East 1970's - today (Treaties, groups, wars, etc.)

18 terms by johanna_helba

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Six-Day War

Fighting: Israel vs. Egypt and the Allies - Israel eventually held Sinai Peninsula, Gaza Strip, Golan Heights, and the West Bank. This fueled future conflicts.

Yom Kippur War

1973 - Syria and Egypt vs. Israel. Syria and Egypt took Israel by surprise, but the Israeli army soon took control and eventually gained more land than they lost. This war led to the Camp David Accords.

1973 Oil embargo on U.S.

OPEC decided not to export oil to countries that supported Israel in the Yom Kippur War, and the U.S. was affected greatly by this action.

Camp David Accords

Carter, Sadat, and Begin joined to discuss land ownership. Egypt received the Sinai Peninsula, Israel recieved the Suez Canal. MISSED OPPORTUNITY!

Missed Opportunity

During the Camp David Accords, the leaders left out the conflict of Palestine and Israel, and did not discuss it, even though the opportune moment to resolve that conflict was during the Camp David Accords.

Intifada

Arabic word for "uprising"

PLO

Palestinian Liberation Organization

Oslo Accords

1992 - Israeli Rabin and PLO's Arafat met. The Gaza Strip and West Bank were self-governed for the Palestinians, and Arafat agreed to recognize Israel as a country.

Hamas

A Sunni Palestinian extremist group created after the Oslo Accords

Hezbollah

A Shia Lebanese extremist organization started by Ayatollah Khomeini.

OPEC

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

SAVAK

An Iranian secret service government organization

Iran-Iraq War causes

Iraq did not want the Islamic Revolution to spread into Iran, and Iran was also isolated because of the hostage crisis.

Gulf War effects

Economic sanctions were placed on Iraq by the U.N., the U.S. relationship with Iraq was over, U.N. inspectors were sent to Iraq to search for weapons of mass destruction.

Soviet-Afghanistan

USSR was afraid of the Islamic Revolution spreading into Afghanistan, and the USSR wanted to preserve its communist power.

mujahidin

Muslim guerilla warriors

Taliban

An Islamic miltia that took over Afghanistani government in 1995

Al-Qaeda

An international alliance of terrorist organizations in the Middle East

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