Giovanna Picco dela Mirrandola
expressed belief in writing that "no limits for what man could do"
coined phrase, "Dark Ages"
collected old manuscripts
made branch of humanism - Civic humanism
wrote Italian sonnets in veracular
wrote biography of Cicero
encouraged people to be politically and culturally active in their cities
Historian, famous for History of the Florentine People
wrote The Decameron - short stories of people escaping black death, considered best prose of Ren. times.
wrote The Courtier
set criteria on ideal Ren. man - well rounded, jack of all trades
contributed in critical textual analysis
noticed 'fief' used by Constantine in Donation of Constantine, proved it wrong by that word.
looked at Vulgate Bible and noticed some things were mistranslated
father was physician to French King Charles V
received good humanist education
wrote The City of Ladies - counters thought that women were inferior and capable of making moral choices
Father of Ren. Painting
famous for frescoes, like St. Francis Preaching to the Birds.
single point perspective
famous for bronze doors on Baptistery
most influential Florentine artist before Michelangelo.
revived classical nude body with its balance/self awareness.
David was first nude statue of Ren..
pioneer of early Ren. architecture in Italy.
best work was Cathedral on Florence in 1434
Leonardo da Vinci
perfect example of Ren. man.
painted Last Supper, and Mona Lisa
sculptor, engineer, poet, painter, and architect.
most famous work was Sistine Chapel carved Pieta, statue of David, designed dome of St. Peter's church in Rome.
Madonnas, Sistine Madonna
The school of Athens - greatest masterpiece
first ren artist to get wealthy from work.
Assumption of the Virgin - most famous work
literary movement. humanists looked to ancient sources
looked to ancient Greeks and Romans
studies early Christian authors
greatest of northern humanists. Prince of Humanists.
In Praise of Folly" - best satire he wrote. a means of criticizing what he thought were the problems of the church
Handbook of the Christian Knight
emphasized idea of inner faith opposed to outer forms of worship
Outer forms of worship
baptism, penance, eucharist/holly communion, ordination, matrimony, last rights, anointing sick/dying, and confirmation.
Sir Thomas More
wrote Utopia in 1516
benchmark year 1517
Martin Luther tapes 95 thesis on church door
greatest poet/playwright of all time
wrote The Canterbury Takes - witty short stories
friar and classicist. wrote romances Gargantua and Pantagruel
Michel Eyguem de Montengne
introduced the essay as a literary form to Europe
invented printing press
printed Gutenberg Bible
tried to make Bibles ornate - went broke soon after
greatest artist of Northern Ren.
one of first European landscape artists
Praying Hands one of famous works
Hans Holbein the Younger
aka one of the greatest portraitists of the 16th cent.
Jan van Eyck
Father of Oil painting
wrote The Prince, instruction manual for prince/ruler on how he should rule
Louis XI of France, Henry VII and Henry VIII of England, Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain
wrote The Six Books of the Commonwealth - outlined first systematic/clear conception of absolute sovereignty
middle class, supported king
most successful monarch. lessened lack of govt. during feudal times, sets efficient govt. architect of French absolutism
married Elizabeth York(member of the Lancasters) later called Henry VII
court to check aristocratic power. only for nobles
Moors, influenced Spanish society.