A ruler who has complete power over a country.
A single party controls the government and every aspect of people's lives. The government cannot be challenged.
policy of building up strong armed forces to prepare for war
love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
Any warlike act by one country against another without a reason.
Italian political party created by Benito Mussolini during World War I. It emphasized aggressive nationalism and was Mussolini's instrument for the creation of a dictatorship in Italy from 1922 to 1943.
This dictator was the leader of the Nazi Party. He believed that strong leadership was required to save Germanic society, which was at risk due to Jewish, socialist, democratic, and liberal forces.
The United States adopted a policy of isolationism at the beginning of World War II. Congress also passed a series of laws that banned the sale of weapons or loans made to countries at war in Europe.
prison camps used under the rule of Hitler in Nazi Germany. Conditions were inhuman, and prisoners, mostly Jewish people, were generally starved or worked to death, or killed immediately.
take (territory) by conquest
Giving in to the demands of a major power(s) in an effort to maintain peace and stability.
Hitler promised that Germany would seek no further territory once it was allowed to keep the Sudetenland. (that it took) To save the peace Britain and France gave in and let Hitler keep the Sudetenland.
Nazi- Soviet Pact
Hitler made an alliance with the Soviet Union. In August of 1939 the two countries agreed not to attack each other. Secretly they were going to divide Poland and other parts of Eastern Europe between them.
A German form of fighting - lightning war. The Germans would use planes and tanks consistently until their target gave up and surrendered.
in World War II, the nations of Germany, Italy, and Japan, which had formed an alliance in 1936.
France, Britain, USSR, United States, and China as well as 45 other countries that opposed the Axis powers in World War II
In March of 1941 Congress passed this act which allowed sales or loans of war materials to "any country whose defense the President thinks is important to the defense of the United States." The U.S. sent airplanes, tanks, guns and ammunition to Britain.
Home base in Oahu, Hawaii for America's Pacific fleet- attacked by the Japanese on (December 7 1941)
term given to the United States mainland during the war. The U.S. civilian population was mobilized to help the military in Europe by having women work in factories, growing their own food to ship to Europe, etc...
Backyard gardens; Americans were encouraged to grow their own vegetables to support the war effort
Japanese Internment Camps
The forcible relocation of approximately 110,000 Japanese Americans to housing facilities called "War Relocation Camps", in the wake of Imperial Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor.