Vocabulary - First Semester

25 terms by spscbaldwin 

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These are the 25 vocabulary words for the first semester.

tonic

the first note in a scale that, in conventional harmony, provides the keynote of a piece of music

dominant

the fifth note of the diatonic scale in any key

scale

an arrangement of the notes in any system of music in ascending or descending order of pitch

arpeggio

the notes of a chord played in succession, either ascending or descending

modulation

change from one key to another

treble

a high-pitched voice

bass

a voice, instrument, or sound of the lowest range

sharp

above true or normal pitch or a half-step above a specified note

natural

not sharped or flatted

flat

below true or normal pitch or a half-step below a specified note

syncopation

displace the beats or accents in music so that strong beats become weak and vice versa

percussion

drums, triangle, cymbals, xylophone, marimba

woodwinds

flutes, oboes, clarinets, bassoons, saxophones

brass

trumpets, horns, trombones, baritones, tubas

strings

violin, viola, cello, bass

sonata

a type of composition in three sections (exposition, development, recapitulation) in which two themes or subjects are explored according to set key relationships

rock-and-roll

a type of popular dance music originating in the 1950s, characterized by a heavy beat and simple melodies

oratorio

a large-scale musical work for orchestra and voices, typically a narrative on a religioius theme, performed without costumes, scenery, or action

symphony

an elaborate musical composition for full orchestra, typically in four movements, at least one of which is traditionally in sonata form

opera

a dramatic work in one or more acts, set to music for singers and instrumentalists

composer

a person who writes music

concert

a musical performance given in public, tyipcally by several performers or of several separate compositions

tempo

the speed at which a passage of music is or should be played

dynamics

the varying levels of volume of sound in different parts of a musical performance

blues

melancholic music of black American folk origin, usually in a twelve-bar sequence

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