Unit 11

Created by kylee_richard00 

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83 terms

antiarthritic

agent that works against arthritis

antibiotic

agent that works against organisms, especially bacteria

anticonvulsant

agent that prevents seizures

antinarcotic

agent that works against the effects of narcotics

antipyretic

agent that works against fever

antirheumatic

agent that works against rheumatic disease

antiseptic

agent that protects against infection (external cleaner)

antispasmodic

agent that prevents muscle spasms

antitoxin

agent that works to destroy toxins

asepsis

without poisons or infection

bilateral

including both sides (adj.)

catheterization

using a tube inserted into the bladder or vessels to obtain specimens, to look, or to keep the vessel open

contraceptive

agent that prevents conception

contraindicated

not recommended under these circumstances

contravolitional

against ones will

disinfectants

chemical or physical agents that kill organisms, not used on the human body

epicystitis

inflammation upon the urinary bladder

epidural

pertaining to the layer upon the dura mater (adj.)

epigastric

upon the stomach

epigastrorrhaphy

suturing of tissue in the region upon the stomach

epinephrectomy

excision of tissue upon the kidney

epinephritis

inflammation upon the kidney

episplenitis

inflammation upon the spleen

extra-articular

outside of a joint (adj.)

extracerebral

outside of the cerebrum (adj.)

extracystic

outside of the bladder (adj.)

extradural

outside of the dura mater (adj.)

extragenital

outside of the genital area (adj.)

extranuclear

outside of the nuleus (adj.)

heterogeneous

different throughout (adj.)

heteropsia

different vision in each eye

heterosexual

attracted to the opposite sex (adj.)

infracostal

below the ribs (adj.)

inframammary

below the breast (adj.)

infrapatellar

below the patella (adj.)

infrapubic

below the pubic bone (adj.)

mammogram

breast x-ray film or x-ray picture

mammography

process of taking a breast x-ray

metacarpals

bones of the hand beyond the wrist bones

metastasis

disease that spreads beyond its origin

metatarsals

bones of the foot beyond the ankle

pyrotoxin

toxin produced by fever or heat

septicemia

infection in the blood

septicopyemia

infection and pus in the blood

sterilization

process that killls all organisms

subdural

below the dura mater (adj.)

superciliary

pertaining to the eyebrow

superficial

on the surface (adj.)

superinfection

an infection on top on another infection

supracostal

above the ribs (adj.)

suprainguinal

above the groin

supralumbar

above the lumbar spine (adj.)

suprapubic

above the pubic bone (adj.)

suprarenal

above the kidney

suprarenopathy

disease of the suprarenal glands (adrenals)

symmetry

the same size and shape all around or on both sides

sympathetic

suffering along with, functional part of the autonomic nervous system

sympathoma

tumor of a sympathetic nerve

transcatheter

across a catheter

transfusion

transferring blood from one person to another

transillumination

use of light across a tube to view organs

transluminal

across the lumen of a vessel

transposition

placement of an organ on the opposite side

transsexual

a person who has changed sexes

transurethral

across the urethra

transvaginal

across the vagina

ultrasonography

use of ultrasound to make images from sound reflected through the body and computerized

ultrasound

high-frequency sound waves (inaudible)

ultraviolet

high-frequency light waves beyond the violet frequency

bronchodilator

dilates or enlarges bronchi

decongestant

reduces respiratory congestion

diuretic

increases urine flow

expectorant

assists in removing respiratory secretions

hemostatic

controls bleeding

hormones

endocrine secretions that affect control mechanisms

hypnotic

sleep agent, produces starte of hypnosis

hypoglycemic

agent that lowers blood sugar (glucose)

laxative

loosens or liquifies stool for relief of constipation

muscle relaxant

relieves tension in skeletal muscle

sedative

calms nervous excitement

tranquilizer

lowers anxiety and mental tension

vasodilator

dilates blood vessels

vasopressor

constricts blood vessels, increase blood pressure

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