Music Chapter 1

78 terms by eric789

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Sound

the vibration of an object or medium that results in vibration of the eardrums and are transmitted to the brain where they are interpreted

Pitch

the relative highness or lowness of sound (frequency of the vibrations determine it)

Tone

a sound that has a definite pitch

Interval

the distance between two tones

Octave

a musical interval of eight tones

Pitch Range

the distance between the lowest and highest tones that a voice or instrument can produce

Dynamics

the degree of loudness or softness in music

Accent

the emphasis of a tone that is played more loudly then the notes around it

Timbre

the distinguishing quality of a sound;known as tone color

Improvisation

a performance given extempore without planning or preparation

Duration

Length of time basked on beats and tempo (rhythm) (pulse)

Violin

highest string instrument

Register

part of the range an instrument can play

Conductor

the person who leads a musical group

The Third

Difference between Major and Minor

Oboe and Bassoon

Double Reed Instruments

Piano,Xylophone,and Timphony

Percussion Instruments with Pitch

pp

Dynamics;very soft

ff

Dynamics;very loud

Decrescendo

gradually softer

Crescendo

gradually louder

Strings

Instruments such as guitar or violin

Woodwinds

Instruments such as flue and clarinet

Brass

Instruments such as trumpet or trombone

Percussion

Instruments such as bass drum or cymbals

Keyboard

Instruments such as organ,piano

Electronic

Instruments such as a synthesizer

Register

part of the total range

Concertmaster

The principal first violinist, usually plays solo violin passages

Pizzicato

A string technique where one plucks the string

Double Stop

A string technique where one draws the bow across two strings

Vibrato

A string technique where the player produces a throbbing, expressive tone

Mute

A string technique where the player muffles the tone by fitting a clamp on the bridge

Tremolo

A string technique where one plays very high pitched tones

Single Reed

What type of reed instruments are clarinet, bass clarinet and saxophone

Double Reed

What type of reed instruments are oboe,English horn,bassoon and contrabasson?

Definite Pitch

Timpani,glockenspiel,xylophone,celesta,and chimes all have this kind of pitch;can choose pitch

Indefinite Pitch

Snare drum,bass drum,tambourine,triangle,cymbals, and the gong all have this kind of pitch; cant choose pitch

Beat

A regular,recurrent pulsation that divides music into equal units of time

Rhythm

The particular arrangement of note lengths in a piece of music

Measure

A group containing a fixed number of beats

Meter

The organization of beats into regular groups

Syncopation

Accented notes that we would not normally expect

Largo

very slow

Prestissimo

as fast as possible

Accelerando

becoming faster

Ritardando

becoming slower

Notation

System of writing music so that specific pitches can be communicated

Staff

a set of 5 horizontal lines

Clef

Symbol at the beginning of the staff to show the pitch of each line and space

Treble Clef

Clef for high ranges

Bass Clef

Clef for low ranges

Grand staff

Combination of both the treble and bass staves

tie

leghthen the duration of a note (slurred)

Time Signature

a musical notation indicating the number of beats to a measure and kind of note that takes a beat

Score

shows the music for each instrumental category

Cadence

A resting place at the end of a phase

Incomplete Cadence

Setting up expectation (cadence)

Complete Cadence

Gives a sense of finality (Cadence)

Theme

Melodies that are complete in themselves

Harmony

the structure of music with respect to the composition and progression of chords

Chord

Combination of three or more tones sounded at once

Consonance

Stable tone combination

Dissonance

Unstable tone combination

Resolution

A movement from Dissonance to Consonance

Triad

a 3-note major or minor chord

Arpeggio

a chord whose notes are played in rapid succession rather than simultaneously

Tonic Chord

A chord built on the first degree of a major or minor scale

Dominant Chord

triad built on the fifth note of the scale, which sets up tension that is resolved by the tonic chord

Minor Scale

A Sad scale that consist of seven different tones and an eighth tone that duplicates the first an octave higher.

Major scale

A happy scale that is the basic one.. do re mi

Modulation

Shifting from one key to another within the same piece

Tonic Key

The main/central key in apiece

Musical Texture

How many different layers of sound are heart at once

Polyphonic

Having mnay sounds

Counterpoint

Technique of combining several melodic lines into a meaningful whole

Imitation

Melodic idea that is presented by one voice and restated immediately by another.

Form

organization of musical elements in time

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