Neurovascular system

Created by leslieroberts13 

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CNS-Central Nervous System PNS- Peripheral Nervous System

esthesia

feeling

algesia

pain

kinesia

movement

lepsy

SEIZURE

paresis

partial paralysis

phasia

speech

plegia

paralysis

taxia

order, coordination

crani/o

cranium (skull)

cerebr/o

cerebrum

dendr/o

dendrite, tree

encephal/o

brain

gangli/o

ganglion; mass of nerve tissue

gli/o

glue; neuroglial tissue

kinesi/o kinesia/o

movement

lex/o

word, phrase

mening/o meningi/o

meninges (membranes covering brain and spinal cord)

narc/o

stupor; numbness; sleep

neur/o

nerve

radicul/o

nerve root

sthen/o

strength

ton/o

tension

tax/o

order, coordination

taxia/o

order,coordination

phagia

swallowing

central nervous system (CNS)

Consists of the brain and spinal cord

peripheral nervous system

The section of the nervous system lying outside the brain and spinal cord

afferent

carry or move inward or toward a central structure

afferent nerves

transmit impulses toward the brain and spinal cord

analgesic

painkiller

aphasia

loss of the ability to speak

asthenia

an abnormal loss of strength

ataxia

inability to coordinate voluntary muscle movements

aura

peculiar sensation that perceded seizures

closed head trauma

Injury to the head in which the dura mater remains intact and brain tissue is not exposed

coma

a state of deep and often prolonged unconsciousness

concussion

injury to brain, occasionally with transiet loss of consciousness as a resukt of tramua

convulsions

any sudden and violent contraction of one or more muscles

efferent

carrying impulses away from a central structures

efferent nerves

carry messages away from the brain and spinal cord; motor nerves

meninges

a membrane (one of 3) that envelops the brain and spinal cord

neurotransmitter

chemicals that facilitate the movemnets of impulses at synapses

paralysis

loss of the ability to move a body part

parasympathetic nervous system

rest and digest

paresthesia

abnormal skin sensations (as tingling or tickling or itching or burning)

sympathetic nervous system

fight or flight

synscope

temporary loss of consciousness due to sudden decline of blood flow to the brain, also caleed fainting

synapse

space between neurons

position emission tomography (PET)

An imaging technique used to see which brain areas are being activated while performing tasks

special senses

smell, taste, sight, hearing, equilibrium

eso

inward

exo

outside, outward

acusia

hearing

cusia

hearing

cusis

hearing

opia

vision

tropia

turning

ambly/o

Dull, dim

audit/o

hearing

auro/o

ear

auricul/o

ear

audi/o

hearing

blephar/o

eyelid

choroid/o

choroid

conjunctiv/o

conjunctiva

core/o

pupil

cor/o

pupil

daery/o

tear

dacryocyst/o

lacrimal sac

glauc/o

gray, opaque

goni/o

angle

irid/o

iris

kerat/o

cornea

labyrinth/o

Inner ear

lacrim/o

tear, lacrimal apparatus

myring/o

tympanic membrane (eardrum)

ocul/o

eye

opt/o

Eye, vision

optic/o

Eye, vision

phac/o

lens

phot/o

Light

presby/o

old age

pupil/o

pupil

retin/o

retina

salping/o

tube

scler/o

sclera

tympan/o

tympanic membrane

vitr/o

vitreous body (of eye)

accommodation

altering the shape of the lens to enable it to focus on the retina

anacusis

deafness

cerumen

a soft yellow wax secreted by glands in the ear canal

conjuctiva

the lining of the eyelids that covers the cornea

esotropia

inward turning of the eye

hordeolum

stye

tinnitus

Noises in the ears, such as ringing, buzzing, whistling, roaring, etc.

vertigo

Dizziness or a tilting, spinning sensation.

visual field

Area within which objects may be seen when the eye is in a fixed position

tympanostomy

forming an opening in the eardrum. Insertion of a tube through the ear drum to drain the middle ear.

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