NASM Table 7.6 Compensations, Muscle Imbalances, and Corrective Strategies

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NASM Table 7.6 Compensations, Muscle Imbalances, and Corrective Strategies From the NASM CPT 4th Edition

Soleus, lateral gastrocnemius, biceps femoris (short head)

Feet turn out - overactive

Medial gastrocnemius, medial hamstring, gracilis, sartorius, popliteus

Feet turn out - underactive

Adductor complex, biceps femoris (short head), TFL, vastus lateralis

Knees move inward - overactive

Gluteus medius/maximus, VMO

Knees move inward - underactive

Soleus, gastrocnemius, hip flexor complex, abdominal complex

LPHC excessive forward lean - overactive

Anterior tibialis, gluteus maximus, erector spinae

LPHC excessive forward lean - underactive

Hip flexor complex, erector spinae, latissimus dorsi

LPHC low back arches - overactive

Gluteus maximus, hamstrings, intrinsic core stabilizers

LPHC low back arches - underactive

Latissimus dorsi, teres major, pectoralis major/minor

Arms fall forward - overactive

Mid/lower trapezius, rhomboids, rotator cuff

Arms fall forward - underactive

Upper trapezius, sternocleidomastoid, levator scapulae

Shoulders elevate (push/pull) - overactive

Mid/lower trapezius

Shoulders elevate (push/pull) - underactive

Upper trapezius, sternocleidomastoid, levator scapulae

Forward head (push/pull) - overactive

Deep cervical flexors

Forward head (push/pull) - underactive

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