Greek philosopher and mathematician who proved the Pythagorean theorem
traveling teachers that taught how to win an arguement; didn't believe in gods; refused the idea of an absolute right or wrong
philosopher who believed in an absolute right or wrong; asked students pointed questions to make them use their reason, later became Socratic method
Student of Socrates, wrote The Republic about the perfectly governed society
Greek philosopher. A pupil of Plato, the tutor of Alexander the Great, and the author of works on logic, metaphysics, ethics, natural sciences, politics, and poetics, he profoundly influenced Western thought. In his philosophical system, which led him to criticize what he saw as Plato's metaphysical excesses, theory follows empirical observation and logic, based on the syllogism, is the essential method of rational inquiry.
the ancient Greek known as the father of history
the second historian who was the most accurate historian, used eye witnesses to get the full picture
a basic viewpoint of the system of values of an individual or society
"Lovers of wisdom", a thinker who uses logic and reason.
way of teaching developed by Socrates that used a question-and-answer format to force students to use their reason to see things for themselves
the ancient kingdom of Philip II and Alexander the Great in the southeastern Balkans that is now divided among modern Macedonia and Greece and Bulgaria
King of Spain, the New World, and the Netherlands. He sent the Spanish Armada.
one of Athen's finest orators; opposed Philip II and led series of attacks on him; was defeated
something handed down from the past; a bequest
wrote "little poems" or idylls dealing with erotic themes, lovers' complaints, and above all, pastoral themes expressing his love of nature and his appreciation of nature's beauty
school of thought developed by the philosopher Epicurus in Hellenistic Athens; it held that happiness is the chief goal in life, and the means to achieve happiness was the pursuit of pleasure
ancient Greek philosopher who formulated paradoxes that defended the belief that motion and change are illusory (circa 495-430 BC)
The principles or the practice of the Stoics-being very even tempered in success and failure.
correctly believed that the earth and other planets moved around the sun, but he failed to convince others
He is the father of geometry and wrote a book explaining geometry that was used as a text book till the 1900
Greek mathematician and physicist noted for his work in hydrostatics and mechanics and geometry (287-212 BC)
story of jason's collection of men to get the Golden Fleece. generation before Illiad
devoted to the pursuit of pleasure; fond of good food, comfort, and ease; with discriminating tastes; a person with discriminating tastes
scientists who study the stars and other objects in the sky
branch of mathematics that shows how points, lines, angles, and surfaces relate to one another
branch of mathematics that studies spheres, or balls, and cylinders, or tubes