The Second Great Awakening
religious revival throughout the United States from 1790's through 1830's promoted reform in America
traveling ministers from the Methodist church
Founder of Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (or Mormons), in New York in 1830. Killed by a mob in Illinois in 1844.
Baptist preacher who believed that Jesus would return to the world in March 1843. His followers were called Millerites or Adventist.
William Henry Harrison
Ninth President of the United States, died of pneumonia after only one month in office. He won the Battle of Tippecanoe vs. Shawnee in 1811
1819 Treaty between the United States and Spain, in which Spain ceded Florda to the United States; also called the Transcontinental Treaty.
Inventor; developed the cotton gin in 1793, which rapidly increased cotton prouction in the south and led to a greater demand for slave labor; also invented a system of interchangeable parts
English textile worker who brought the Industrial Revolution to the United States by duplicating British textile machinery from memory
African American preacher who led a slave revolt in 1831; captured an hanged after a revolt failed
John Quincy Adams
6th President of the United States 1825-1829; proposed greater federal involvement in the economy through tariffs and improvements such as roads, bridges, and canals.
John C. Calhoun
Statesman from South Carolina who held many offices in the federal government. He supported slavery, state's rights; in 1850 foresaw future conflict over slavery; he urged nullification of the tariff.
Statesman from Kentucky; accused by Jackson of giving votes to John Q. Adams in return for post as secretary of state. Endorsed government promotion of economic growth, advocate of compromise of 1850 which was made up of 5 laws - one being the Fugitive Slave Act which ordered US citizens to assist in the return of enslaved people who had escapted from their owners. Called "Gallant Harry of the West."
7th President of the United States 1829-1837; supported minimal government and the spoils system. Vetoed recharterization of the national bank, pursued harsh policy toward Native Americans; he won the Battle of New Orleans in 1812
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court appointed by John Adams; set precedents that established vital powers of the federal courts. Especially note that he was the author of Marbury v. Madison decision establishing the judicial review
Marbury v. Madison
1803 Supreme Court case that established the principle of judicial review
Revivalist during the Great Awakening; emphasized religious conversion and personal choice
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Leader in the Transcendal Movement; lecturer and writer
Henry David Thoreau
Transcendentalist author known for his work "Walden Pond" (1854) and other writings
School reformer and supporter of public educational system in Massachusetts. Later
Advocate of prison reform and of special institutions for the metally ill in Massachusetts before the Civil War
African American abolitionist leader who spoke eloquently for abolition in the United States and Britan before the Civil War.
"Conductor" on the Underground Railroad, which helped the slaves escape to freedom before the Civil War
William Loyd Garrison
white leader of Radical Abolition Movement, based in Boston; founded the Liberator in 1831 to work for an immediate end to slavery
editied the St.Louis Observer, a weekly newspaper. He was against slavery and called for gradual emancipation; He was killed by a proslavery mob in Alton, IL
Francis Cabot Lowell
invented the first completely mechanical cotton mill.
Seneca Falls Convention
The first women's rights convention in United States history -- held in 1848
President Monroe's American policy that stated that the United States would not be involved in European affairs and promised to protect the Western Hemisphere from colonization by Europe.
Elizabeth Cody Stanton
Women's rights leader in the 1800's; helped organize first women's rights movement. Wrote the Declaration of Sentiments on women's rights in 1848
Abolitionists and women's rights advocate before the Civil Wa; as a former slave, she spoke effectively to whites about abolition issues
the President of the charter of the Bank of the United States, which was vetoed by Jackson.
Native American leader in the late 1700's and early 1800's; led a pan-Indian movement that tried to unite several groups despite their differences.
Battle of Tippecanoe
Battle in the Indian Territory in 1811 between U.S. and Native American forces that led to the defeat of the Native Americans.
Battle of New Orleans
Battle in 1815 between American and British troops for control of New Orleans, ending in an American victory
Purchase by the United States of the Louisiana Territory from france in 1803; doubled size of america for 15 million
Embargo Act of 1807
Outlawed all trade with foreign countries. Jefferson chose this economic weapon against the French and British.
Treaty of Ghent
Agreement signed in 1814, that ended the War of 1812.
Maintains the balance in the Senate between slave states and free states; 1820 agreement calling for the admission of Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state, outlawing slavery in future states to be created north of 36° 30' N latitude
Republican; ran for President in the Election of 1796; Thomas Jeffersons' VP in 1800; killed Hamilton; helped with Essex Junto to plot secession