Is the time and place of the action. May include geographic location, historical period, season of the year, the time of day, and the beliefs, customs and standards of a society.
The central character in a story, play or novel. It is involved in the main conflict of the plot and often changes the course of work
the events leading to the climax
all events from climax to teh resolution
Sequence of related events that make up the story.
It's the final stage of the plot where teh story is brought to its close
It's a lesson that the story teaches, are often stated directly at the end of fables
a principal character or force in opposition of the protagonist or main character. It's usually another character, a force of nature, a set of circumstances, an aspect of society. It's most often, not always, the villain.
It may be a broad idea, message or moral. it i soften implied than stated and can be messages about life, society or human nature
it's the outcome of the story, in other words, how the main conflict is resolved at the end of the story