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Perspective

A particular point of view.

Sociology

The scientific study of social structure (human social behavior)

Sociological Perspective

A view that looks at the behavior of groups, not individuals

Social Structure

The patterned interaction of people in social relationships

Sociological Imagination

The ability of individuals to see the relationship between events in their personal lives and events in their society

Positivism

The belief that knowledge should be derived from scientific observation

Social Statistics

The study of social stability and order

Social Dynamics

The study of social change

Bourgeoisie

Class owning the means for producing wealth

Capitalists

People who own or control the means for producing wealth

Proletariat

Class that labors without owning the means of production; those that labor for the bourgeoisie

Class conflict

The ongoing struggle between the bourgeoisie (owners) and the proletariat (working) classes

Mechanical Solidarity

Social dependency based on a widespread consensus of values and beliefs, enforced conformity, and dependence on tradition and family

Organic Solidarity

Social interdependency based on a high degree of specialization in roles

Verstehen

Understanding social behavior by putting yourself in the place of others

Rationalization

The mind-set emphasizing knowledge, reason, and planning

Theoretical Perspective

A set of assumptions accepted as true

Functionalism

Approach that emphasizes the contributions made by each part of society

Manifest Functions

Actions that produces an intended and recognized result

Latent Functions

Actions that produces an unintended and unrecognized result

Dysfunction

Negative consequence of an aspect of society

Conflict Perspective

Approach emphasizing the role of conflict, competition, and constraint within a society

Power

The ability to control the behavior of others

Symbol

Anything that stands for something else and has an agreed-upon meaning attached to it

Symbolic Interactionism

Approach that focuses on the interactions among people based on mutually understood symbols

Dramaturgy

Approach that depicts human interaction as theatrical performances

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