The Language of Medicine ENDOCRINE SYSTEM chap 18. part 1.

39 terms by captainbooyeah 

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aden/o

gland

hormones meaning

to urge on

home/o/stasis

tendency of an organism to maintain constant internal environment

endocrine glands

secrete hormones into blood

endo=

within

crine=

to secrete

thymus

produces thymosin; part of immune system

pineal gland

produces melotonin CNS

kidney

erythropoietin

stimulus

controls the activity of a gland

thyroid glands function?

metabolic control it targets all body cells

thyroxine and triiodothyronine are produced by?

thyroid gland

T4

thyroxine

T3

tri/iodo/thyronine

contains four atoms of iodine

T4

contains three atoms of iodine

T3

calcitonin(produced in thyroid gland)

sends calcium from blood to bones; lowers blood calcium

CT

calcitonin

eu/thyroid

good or normal levels of T4, T3

hyper/thyroid/ism

excess levels of T4, T3

hypo/thyroid/ism

insufficient levels of T4, T3

Graves disease also known as?

hyperthyroidism

ex/ophthalm/ia

protruding of the eyeballs

myxedema

atrophy of the thyroid gland; advanced hypothyroidism, cretinism, weight gain

parathyroid gland is controlled by what stimulus?

plasma calcium levels

parathyroid glands function?

maintain normal serum calcium levels

parathyroid glands target tissue?

bone and kidney (vitamin D production)

parathyroid gland secretes?

parathyroid hormones

parathyroid abbreviation?

PTH

PTH function is?

move calcium from bones into blood

parathyroid hormone also known as?

parathormone

adrenal glands are located superior aspect of?

kidneys

/renal

kidney

adrenal glands functions?

stress response, electrolyte levels, blood volume, inflammatory process

adrenal cortex controlled stimulus?

adrenocorticotropic hormone

adrenocorticotropic hormone abbreviation?

ACTH

adrenal glands two parts are named?

adrenal cortex; adrenal medulla

adrenal medulla is controlled by the?

autonomic nervous system

autonomic nervous system abbreviation?

ANS

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