Which three criteria must a student with a behavioral disorder display to be eligible for IDEA special education services?
An inability to learn which cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors
An inability to build or maintain interpersonal relationships with peers or adults
Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances
In the 1950s, Samuel Kirk discovered that a number of individuals had been misclassified with intellectual disability at the Michigan facility where he worked.
Why did Kirk claim these individuals were misclassified?
After intensive remediation reading progress made
Left and became self supporting
What is a characteristic of Fragile X syndrome, which causes speech, language, social-emotional, sensory, and cognitive problems?
More common in males than females
Which characteristic of a specific learning disability is defined by IDEA?
A disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes
What controversial issue have critics identified with the federal definition of learning disabilities?
Which disability are students with dyslexia, dysgraphia, or other neurologically-based deficits often identified as having?
About what percentage of students have emotional problems or mental illness?
Less than 1%
What are the most common problems seen in students with emotional disturbance?
Conduct disorder, anxiety, and depression
What is an organic cause of mild intellectual disability?
Drug abuse by the mother, which can cause Fetal alcohol syndrome.
Which teaching strategy would work best for a student who is at Piaget's concrete stage of development?
experimentation with materials
Which procedure would improve student adaptive behavior?
positive behavior support
What terminology describes putting the person before the disability?
What does every student with a learning disability have by definition?
Which three can be linked to emotional or behavioral disorders?
Biological disorders and disease, bullying experiences in school, and dysfunctional family relationships.
What is a main problem for students with Asperger syndrome in the school setting?
hidden curriculum agenda
Which federal program may provide health insurance for students with disabilities?
According to federal and state laws, which decisions are parents required to participate in?
Evaluating their child for special education services
Determining accommodations or modifications for their child
Determining their child's initial placement for special education services
For which group are federal programs for families primarily targeted?
Which argument was used In PL 94-142 to advocate the education of students with disabilities in a general education setting to the maximum extent possible?
Academic and social benefits
Which type of delivery model was enabled by the Regular Education Initiative (REI) sponsored by the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services in the late 1980s and early 1990s?
The clause "It is inherently unequal to educate students with disabilities in separate facilities" helped give educational opportunities for students with disabilities.
Brown v. Board of Education
How often must the IEP team meet in order to evaluate the appropriateness of the student's educational program?
At least once a year
Which three actions are considered due process rights under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act for parents of students with disabilities?
Allowing parents to gain monetary damages if actions taken by the school are unfavorable to them
Allowing parents a legal means to ensure the IEP is implemented for their student
informing parents what will happen with their child's education
Where do laws in special education rules and regulations primarily come from?
Federal legislation and court cases
What are three advantages of nonverbal interventions when working with students?
-They don't draw undue attention to the student -They are effective for all students -They allow classroom activities to proceed without interuption.
What does the Child Development Project aim to teach children to develop?
What is the life space interview (LSI) technique used for?
To manage a behavior crisis as it occurs
A student has difficulties adjusting to social situations on the playground. The student has a learning disability, but no other identified disabilities.
underlying mental disorder
Which problem behavior could result from a student lacki
Grabbing another student's pencil
Which example best describes a student who cannot manage frustration?
The student leaves a game that he or she is losing.
What data can a teacher collect by charting the frequency of a target behavior?
How often a target behavior occurs
Which two preparations are necessary for an inclusion program to be successful?
Conducting meetings between general and special education teachers
Planning experiences in the general classroom that will decrease student anxiety
Which condition leads to the success of inclusion programs?
General and special education teachers are trained to collaborate effectively.
Which students are most likely to make enough progress to no longer require special education services?
Which question could guide classroom observations in an inclusion program?
Do teachers agree students are learning in the least restrictive environment?
What is a nonacademic benefit of homework?
It fosters independence and responsibility.
What kind of instruction does a middle school special education teacher working in a resource room most likely implement?
Small group instruction
At what times should formal curriculum-based measurement be administered?
before instruction and after instruction
Which two assessments are formative assessments?
Examining student products.
Which three components are included in curriculum-based objectives?
-curriculum to be used -criteria for success -person responsible for student learning
How can a teacher help raise a student's self-esteem?
praise during a goal
What instructional accommodation could help a student with a learning disability become an accepted part of an inclusion classroom?
small group cooperative learning
Which strategy is designed to help improve the reading comprehension of students with learning disabilities?
Making predictions about the story, summarizing the story, make up questions about the story while reading, and construct an internal visual representation of the story
Which describes the literature on learning styles?
gives examples for progress made at certain stages
Which classification requires analysis of adaptive behavior in and out of school to determine eligibility for special education?
Which education models would support examination of a student's medical history to obtain insights about present behavior?
Which model advocates having general and special education teachers collaboratively plan to facilitate inclusion for students with special needs?
cooperative teaching or mainstreaming model
Which method is an effective strategy for teaching students with disabilities?
Which activity is a responsibility of a consulting teacher?
Providing expertise around adaptations
Which step in Donald Meichenbaum's self-instructional procedure includes a student performing a task during silent self-instruction?
Which adaptation should a teacher use to help a student who experiences difficulty with hand-eye coordination when writing?
adapt gross motor
Which three components of precision teaching?
Emphasizing doing away with undesired behavior -Measure performance daily -Calculate rates of response
Which three stimulant medications are used to treat problem behaviors?
One teacher provides instruction to the larger group, while the other teacher works with a smaller group. Commonly used for remediation or enrichment,
The lesson is divided into segments & presented in different locations in the room. Each teacher presents a different portion of the lesson, with groups rotating to the different stations.
Both teachers share the instructional activities equally.
Instruction is planned together, but is delivered by each teacher separately to half of the class.
Autism means a
developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal
communication and social interaction, generally evident before age 3, that
adversely affects a child's educational performance. Other characteristics
often associated with autism are engagement in repetitive activities and
stereotyped movements, resistance to environmental change or change in daily
routines, and unusual responses to sensory experiences. The term does not apply
if a child's educational performance is adversely affected primarily because
the child has an emotional disturbance, as defined in paragraph (b)(4) of this
(ii) A child who manifests the characteristics of
"autism" after age 3 could be diagnosed as having "autism"
if the criteria in paragraph (c)(1)(i) of this section are satisfied.
Deaf-blindness means concomitant hearing and
visual impairments, the combination of which causes such severe communication
and other developmental and educational needs that they cannot be accommodated
in special education programs solely for children with deafness or children
Deafness means a hearing impairment that is so
severe that the child is impaired in processing linguistic information through
hearing, with or without amplification, that adversely affects a child's
Emotional disturbance is defined as follows:
The term means a condition
exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics over a long period of
time and to a marked degree that adversely affects a child's educational
(A) An inability to learn that
cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors.
(B) An inability to build or maintain satisfactory
interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers.
(C) Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal
(D) A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression.
(E) A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears
associated with personal or school problems.
(ii) The term includes schizophrenia. The term does not apply
to children who are socially maladjusted, unless it is determined that they
have an emotional disturbance.
Hearing impairment means an impairment in hearing,
whether permanent or fluctuating, that adversely affects a child's educational
performance but that is not included under the definition of deafness in this
Mental retardation means significantly subaverage
general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in
adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period, that
adversely affects a child's educational performance.
Multiple disabilities means concomitant
impairments (such as mental retardation-blindness, mental
retardation-orthopedic impairment, etc.), the combination of which causes such
severe educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in special education
programs solely for one of the impairments. The term does not include deaf-blindness.
Orthopedic impairment means a severe orthopedic
impairment that adversely affects a child's educational performance. The term
includes impairments caused by congenital anomaly (e.g., clubfoot, absence of
some member, etc.), impairments caused by disease (e.g., poliomyelitis, bone
tuberculosis, etc.), and impairments from other causes (e.g., cerebral palsy,
amputations, and fractures or burns that cause contractures).
Other health impairment
Other health impairment means having limited
strength, vitality or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment, that-
Is due to chronic or acute health problems such as asthma, attention deficit disorder or attention deficit
hyperactivity disorder, diabetes, epilepsy, a heart condition, hemophilia, lead poisoning, leukemia, nephritis, rheumatic fever, and sickle cell anemia; and
(ii) Adversely affects a child's educational performance.
Specific learning disability
Specific learning disability is defined as
General. The term means
a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in
understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself
in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do
mathematical calculations, including conditions such as perceptual
disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and
(ii) Disorders not included. The term does not include
learning problems that are primarily the result of visual, hearing, or motor
disabilities, of mental retardation, of emotional disturbance, or of
environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage.
Speech or language impairment
Speech or language impairment means a
communication disorder, such as stuttering, impaired articulation, a language
impairment, or a voice impairment, that adversely affects a child's educational
Traumatic brain injury
Traumatic brain injury means an acquired injury
to the brain caused by an external physical force, resulting in total or
partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment, or both, that
adversely affects a child's educational performance. The term applies to open
or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as
cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment;
problem-solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial
behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech. The term does
not apply to brain injuries that are congenital or degenerative, or to brain
injuries induced by birth trauma.
Visual impairment including blindness
Visual impairment including blindness means an
impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child's
educational performance. The term includes both partial sight and blindness.