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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Skinner box
  2. John Garcia
  3. superstition
  4. latent learning
  5. coping
  1. a his experiments in injecting animals with drugs that made them nauseous after feeding them a certain food helped to establish the idea that organisms learn best behaviors that affect survival
  2. b a belief that rests on magical forces; people retain this belief if it is occasionally reinforced
  3. c the ability to handle stress; optimists do this better than pessimists
  4. d used to study operant conditioning in pigeons by enclosing the pigeons
  5. e it is acquired without conscious effort or awareness or reinforcement; and it may not appear until needed

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. that excessive reinforcement, especially with external rewards, can reduce behavior that had been driven primarily by intrinsic motivtion
  2. Which schedule of reinforcement is this: every once in a while, your teacher gives extra credit points for students who are well-behaved in class?
  3. a belief that one is unable to control one's environment due to previous events in which one had no control
  4. which schedule of reinforcement is this: a bass fisherman casts dozens of times but only catches a few bass?
  5. a type of therapy designed to present a patient with a phobic object and help the patient overcome the phobia

5 True/False questions

  1. intrinsic motivationa desire to do something in order to earn a reward

          

  2. systematic desensitizationa classical conditioning technique for treating phobias by using relaxation techniques to reduce the anxiety associated with the phobic stimulus

          

  3. insight learninga type of learning described by Kohler after his research involving apes stacking boxes to get bananas

          

  4. John B. Watsonhis experiments in injecting animals with drugs that made them nauseous after feeding them a certain food helped to establish the idea that organisms learn best behaviors that affect survival

          

  5. stimulus generalizationif a stimulus is similar enough to a CS the stimulus will also produce the CR

          

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