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manner of production

tells how a sound is formed

stop (plosives)

manner. complete closure of the vocal tract. so air stops. release/burst

flap

frequently occuring allophone

fricatives

manner. produced with narrow constriction of vocal tract and air goes thru continuous noise. s sound. note: alveolar and palatal _____ are more intense, called stridents or siblants. narrow constriction where air escapes.

nasals

manner. open velopharynx, energy thru nose. complete closure, but open velopharyngeal port

liquids

manner. vowel-like consonant, constriction only a bit greater than for vowels, l and r.

lateral and rhotic

the 2 kinds of liquids

lateral /l/

kind of liquid. midline closure, lateral opening for sound transmission-air out sides of mouth.

rhotic /r/

kind of liquid. 2 ways to produce: 1) tongue tip curled in back slightly and not touching alveolar ridge. 2) bunched tongue in palatal area of mouth.

glides

manner. produced with gliding motion, partly constricted state to more open state. j and w

affricatives

manner. stop plus fricative, only palatal place of production, church and judge. ch and j

stop (plosive)

what manner?: can, keep, chorus, bed, pot

nasal

what manner?: name, man, nose, knew

fricative

what manner?: this, saw, zipper, happy, phone, show, thigh, fate

affricative

what manner?: gin, choose, job

liquid

what manner?: red, ring, lamb

glide

what manner?: wheel, wail, whine, yes

stop, nasal, fricative, affricative, liquid, glide

what are the 6 manner of artics?

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