Medical Terminology - Long List of Suffixes

64 terms by lemonwaterpower 

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The suffix is always at the end of the word and usually indicates a procedure, a condition, or a disease. The suffix tells us what is happening with a specific body part or system--usually what is wrong with the body or which procedure is being used to diagnose or fix it.

-itis

The suffix -itis simply indicates an inflammation of some kind. The -itis is quite popular in medical terminology because it can be applied to just about any body part within any body system.

Tosilitis (-itis)

Inflammation of the tonsils

Bronchitis (-itis)

Inflammation of the bronchus

Arthritis (-itis)

Inflammation of a joint

-oma

Tumor or growth

Carcinoma (-oma)

Malignant (cancerous) tumor or growth

Leiomyoma (-oma)

Benign (non-cancerous) tumor derived from smooth muscle. Commonly called a fibroid or fibroid tumor.

Melanoma (-oma)

Tumor of the melanocytic (melanocytes in the skin) system of the skin, a highly malignant and quickly metastasizing (spreading) tumor

-pathy

a disease process

Cardiomyopathy (-pathy)

Disease process involving the muscles of the heart

Cardiopathy (-pathy)

Disease process involving the heart

Neuropathy (-pathy)

Disease process involving the nervous system

Osteopathy (-pathy)

Disease process involving bone

-ac, -ic, -al, -ous, -tic

Related to or pertaining to

-algia, -dynia

Pain, discomfort

-ate, -ize

Subject to, use

-cele

Protrusion (hernia)

-centesis

Surgical puncture to withdraw or aspirate fluid

-cle, -cule, -ule, -ulus

Small

-cyte

Cell

-desis

Surgical fusion or binding

-dynia

Pain

-ectomy

Cutting out, surgical removal

-emesis

Vomit

-emia

Pertaining to blood, a blood condition

-ent, -er, -ist

Person, agent

-esis, ia, iasis, ity, -osis, -sis, -tion, -y

state of, or condition of

-form, -oid

Looking like, resembling, or shaped like

-genesis

A beginning process, origin of

-genic

Produced by

-gram

A written record

-graph

Instrument used to record

-graphy

Process of recording

-ism

Condition or theory

-lysis

Destruction, breakdown, or separation

-malacia

Softening

-megaly

Enlargement

-meter

Instrument used to measure

-metry

Process of measuring

-ologist

One who studies, a specialist

-ology

Study of, process of study

-opsy

To view

-otomy

Process of incision or cutting into

-ostomy, -stomy

Aritificial surgical opening

-penia

Lack of or deficiency

-pexy, -pexis

Surgical fixation

-phagia,-phagy

Eating

-phobia

Morbid fear of or intolerance

-plasia

Formation, development

-plasty

Surgical reconstruction, or shaping of

-plegia

Paralysis

-pnea

Breathing

-poiesis

Production or manufacture of

-ptosis

Downward displacement, or drooping

-rrhage, -rrhagia

Excessive flaw or discharge

-rrhaphy

Suturing in place, fixation

-rrhexis

Rupture or breaking away

-sclerosis

Hardening

-scope

Instrument used to visually examine

-scopy

Process of visual examination

-spasm

Sudden or involuntary

-tome

Instrument

-tripsy

Crushing

-trophic, -trophy

Growth or development

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