This conflict began with a conflict between Russia and the Ottoman Empire. France and Britain later joined Russia. Results included the end of the Concert of Europe.
One of most famous secret (oxymoron?) republican societies in Italy.
Became most important nationalist leader in Europe. Founded Young Italy Society in 1831.
King of Piedmont who was defeated twice by Austria, then abdicated in favor of son Victor Emmanuel II.
Victor Emmanuel's Prime Minister as of 1852. Strong monarchist who rejected republicanism, and helped bring Italy into European politics.
An Italian named Orsini attempted to assassinate this French leader.
This man who worked with Mazzini also led troops to capture Palermo and attacked the Italian mainland, hoping to form a republican Italy.
After Cavour, system where political opponents were turned into supporters by bribery and favors.
Tariff union formed among the German states
New Prussian king after Fredrick William IV, his brother, was deemed insane.
A War was fought between Prussia and Austria against this country over the provinces of Schleswig-Holstein
This country was given control of Holstein in 1865
This country was given control of Schleswig in 1865
Bismarck supported Russia in suppressing an 1863 revolt in this country.
Plan supported by Bismarck for German unification
This territory was promised to Italy if they supported Prussia in an Austro-Prussian War, which was later given to them throught France
Seven Weeks War
Also known as the Austro-Prussian War, Austria was handily defeated at the Battle of Koniggratz and established Prussia as major German power
Upper house of North German Confederation appointed by governments of the states
Lower house of the North German Confederation elected by universal male suffrage
Following military coup of Isabella II, monarch chosen by Spanish that surrounded France with Hohenzollerns
One of these led to the beginning of the Franco-Prussian War
Battle of Sedan
On September 1, 1866, France was defeated and Napoleon was captured at the ______________________________________.
Napoleon III attacked Mexico leading to the death of this Archduke of Austria
Executive Power in France was given to this man after the Battle of Sedan.
Parisians elected this municipal government due to dislike of the National Assembly with the intent to rule Paris separately from the rest of France
Monarchists divided in loyalty between the Bourbons and Orleans would have been okay if this heirless Count took the crown
The color of this angered the would-have-been-monarch Bourbon
Conservative army officer elected French President in 1873, later resigned in 1879.
This was started on a rumor that he passed secret information to the Germans. The man was later sent to Devil's Island.
This man published "J'accuse," saying that Dreyfus was denied due process. He was convicted of libel with a one-year term in prison, but fled to England.
Francis Joseph issued this, which created a federation among the German states and local diets would be run by landed classes. This was rejected by the Magyars.
Issued in 1861, it established bicameral parliament in Germany and made ministers responsible to the emperor. This plan still had no Magyar support.
Plan for three monarchs favored by Bohemian Czechs
(Otto von) Bismarck
Famous German who falls between Luther and Hitler
Russian monarch following death of Nicholas I. Later killed by a bomb thrown by a member of The People's Will
This key reform by Alexander II led to the abolition of ________________.
Russian nobles were given administrative power in these county councils in 1864.
Russians previously serving 25 years in the army now only had ______ years active service.
Despite never being popular, Alexander II became known as this
Probably not a word, but process of imposing Russian law, langauge, and administration on Poland
Land and Freedom
Chief Populist radical society in Russia
Exiled Publisher of "The Bell" who called for reforms
Attempted to assassinate military governor of Saint Petersburg, but she was aquitted.
The People's Will
After Land and Freedom split, one group dissolved, the other became known as this
This Russian monarch sought to roll back the reforms of Alexander II
Leader of Conservative ministry in House of Commons that introduced reform bill in 1867. Later elected Prime Minister in 1874.
Became the first prime minister elected following the Reform Act of 1867
Ballot Act of 1872
Introduced voting by secret ballot in England
Education Act of 1870
This law led to the English government being responsible for elementary schools
Public Health Act of 1875
Consolidated legislation on sanitation and reaffirmed duty of state to deal with health-related matters
Artisans Dwelling Act of 1875
Government became actively involved in providing working class housing through this
(Charles Stewart) Parnell
Leader for home rule of Ireland
My name if I ever become Emperor of Prussia