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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Fetal Development of Brain (4)
  2. Brain Stem
  3. Telencephalon
  4. Diencephalon
  5. Rhomboencephalon
  1. a *HIND BRAIN = develops the back of the brain - divided into the Myencephalon and Metacephalon
  2. b *The cerebral hemispheres; one of the two divisions of the forebrain (the other is the diencephalon).,
    *A subdivision of the brain that, along with the diencephalon, makes up the prosencephalon (forebrain); cerebral hemispheres
  3. c *LOCATION = beneath cerebral hemispheres
    *Contains =
    Thalamus, Hypothalamus, Epithalamus, Optic Tracts and Optic Haiasm, Infundibulum, Posterior Pituitary gland, Pineal gland, Limbic system and Third Ventricle.
  4. d *Contains = MEDULLA, PONS & MIDBRAIN
    *Relay station = Sends messages b/w BODY ↔ CEREBRAL CORTEX
    *REGULATES PRIMITIVE FUNCTIONS
    *Contains = Centers that control RESPIRATION, HR, BP
    *RETICULAR ACTIVATING SYSTEM = located in midbrain, pons, medulla, portions of thalamus
    ****Most CRANIAL NERVES ORIGINATE IN BS****
  5. e Resulting 5 cavities persist in the mature brain as fluid-filled spaces called ventricles
    Forebrain (anterior)=>Cerebrum and Basal Ganglia
    Forebrain (posterior)=>Diencephalon
    Midbrain=Midbrain
    Hindbrain=>Cerebellum, Pons, Medulla Oblongata

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. *Made in the CHORICOID PLEXUS located in the LATERAL VENTRICLES and circulates down to the 3RD VENTRICLE to the CEREBRAL AQUADUCT then to the 4TH VENTRICLE to the SPINAL CORD and finally back up to the SUBARACHNOID SPACE
  2. *LOCATION = B/W THALAMUS - HYPOTHALMAS
    *Regulates MVTS produced by the SKELETAL MMS.
    *Assoc. w/ BASAL GANGLIA / SUBSTANTIA NIGRA
  3. *The endocrine system's most influential gland.
    *Under the influence of the HYPOTHALAMUS it regulates GROWTH and controls other ENDOCRINE GLANDS
  4. *This lobe is responsible for BODY TEMP. REGULATION, PITUITARY HORMONE CONTROL, ANS RESPONSES
    *Includes: thalamus, epithalamus, Hypothalamus,
    *Located deep to the cerebral hemispheres,
    *Connects the brainstem with the cerebrum,
    *Contains the thalamus, epithalamus, hypothalamus, subthalamus
  5. *Seperates DURA MATTER and ARACHNOID MATTER

5 True/False Questions

  1. Pia Mater*Innermost layer around the brain, attached to the nervous tissue of the brain and spinal cord and follows all the contours of these structures -
    *Holds blood vessels that supply NUTRIENTS and O₂ → brain and spinal cord.
    *Forms the CHOROID PLEXUS in the VENTRICULAR SYS

          

  2. Pre-Central Gyrus*Function = Control → VOL. MVMT, (Primary motor cortex / Precentral gyrus) INTELLECT, ORIENTATION, SPEECH, BEHAVIOR, PERSONALITY, TEMPER

    *BROCA's area (L SIDE), Speech, concentration,
    *Prefrontal cortex: Controls emotions and judgement

          

  3. Impairments of Temporal Lobe*LEARNING Deficits
    *Wernicke's Aphasia (Receptive deficits)
    *Antisocial / Aggressive behavior
    *Difficulty w/ FACIAL EXPRESSION
    *↓ MEMORY / MEMORY LOSS
    *∅ CATEGORIZE OBJECTS

          

  4. Charcteristics of CNS*Integration and coordination
    *Covered in a system of meninges-suspended in CSF
    *Protected by skull and veterbral column
    *Gray Matter-unmyelinated neurons, cappillaries, glial cells, cell bodies and dendrites
    *White Matter-myelinated axons, nerve fibers w/o dendrites
    White Matter of SC=3 funiculi (ant., post., lateral)

          

  5. Interventricular foramen-Cavities between the cerebrum and brain stem
    -Contain cerebrospinal fluid

          

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