Anatomical Terms\Body Cavities and Membranes

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Anterior (Ventral)

Body Part is located towards front

Posterior (Dorsal)

Body Part is located towards back


One body part is located above another


One body part is located below another


A body part is nearer to the imaginary midline


A body part is farther away from the imaginary midline


Body part is closer to the attachment to the trunk


Body part is further away from attachment to trunk


Body part is located near the surface


Body part is located away from the surface


body part is situated at the center of the body or organ


Body part is away from the center of the body or organ

Sagittal (median) plane

Divdies body into right and left; passes through midline

Frontal (Coronal) Plane

Divides body into anterior and posterior

Transverse plane

Divides body horizontally

Posterior (Dorsal) Cavity

One of the two major internal cavities that contains the cranial cavity and the vertebral cavity

Cranial Cavity

(Part of Posterior) This is enclosed by the boy cranium and contains the brain

Vertebral Cavity

(Part of Posterior) This is enclosed vertebrae and contains the spinal cord

Thoracic Cavity

This is enclosed by the rib cage and has thee portions: left, right, and medial

Organs in the Thoracic Cavity

Lungs and Heart

Abdominopelvic Cavity

Made up of two portions: The superior abdominal cavity and the inferior pelvic cavity

Organs in abdominal cavity

Stomach, liver, spleen, gallbladder, most of the small and large intestines

Organs in the Pelvic Cavity

Rectum, Urinary bladder, the internal reproductive organs and the rest of the large intestine


a muscle that separated the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities

Serous Membranes

These line the cavities and adhere to and protect organs


membranes that surround organs and walls in abdominal cavity


serous membranes that are the lining of cavities


serous membrane that sticks to organs and protects them


The visceral serous membranes that stick to the brain and spinal cord


The visceral serous membranes that sticks to the heart


The serous membranes that stick to and protect the lungs


Two body parts are on the same side


two body parts are on opposite sides

Integumentary System

Skin and accessory organs. Used for support and protection

Skeletal System

Bones and associated cartilage. Movement. Protects body parts. Stores minerals and produces blood cells

Muscular System

Movement.Skeletal muscles and bones work together for movement. Muscles activity generates heat, thus helping to maintain body temperature

Nervous System

Brain, spinal cord, associated nerves. These nerves conduct sensory nerve signals to brain and spinal cord. Used for control.

Endocrine System

Hormonal glands which secrete chemicals that serve as messengers between body parts. Help maintain constant internal environment. Control

Cardiovascular System

consists of the heart and the blood vessels that carry blood through the body. Used for transportation and defense

lymphatic system

protects the body from disease. transportation and defense

urinary system

contains kidneys and bladder. Rids the body of waste

Digestive System

consists of the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine. Receives food and digests it for nutrients. nourishment and waste removal

Reproductive system

Survival of species

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