Anatomical Terms\Body Cavities and Membranes

43 terms by nolanrr94 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Anterior (Ventral)

Body Part is located towards front

Posterior (Dorsal)

Body Part is located towards back

Superior

One body part is located above another

Inferior

One body part is located below another

Medial

A body part is nearer to the imaginary midline

lateral

A body part is farther away from the imaginary midline

Proximal

Body part is closer to the attachment to the trunk

Distal

Body part is further away from attachment to trunk

Superficial

Body part is located near the surface

Deep

Body part is located away from the surface

central

body part is situated at the center of the body or organ

Peripheral

Body part is away from the center of the body or organ

Sagittal (median) plane

Divdies body into right and left; passes through midline

Frontal (Coronal) Plane

Divides body into anterior and posterior

Transverse plane

Divides body horizontally

Posterior (Dorsal) Cavity

One of the two major internal cavities that contains the cranial cavity and the vertebral cavity

Cranial Cavity

(Part of Posterior) This is enclosed by the boy cranium and contains the brain

Vertebral Cavity

(Part of Posterior) This is enclosed vertebrae and contains the spinal cord

Thoracic Cavity

This is enclosed by the rib cage and has thee portions: left, right, and medial

Organs in the Thoracic Cavity

Lungs and Heart

Abdominopelvic Cavity

Made up of two portions: The superior abdominal cavity and the inferior pelvic cavity

Organs in abdominal cavity

Stomach, liver, spleen, gallbladder, most of the small and large intestines

Organs in the Pelvic Cavity

Rectum, Urinary bladder, the internal reproductive organs and the rest of the large intestine

Diaphragam

a muscle that separated the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities

Serous Membranes

These line the cavities and adhere to and protect organs

Peritonium

membranes that surround organs and walls in abdominal cavity

Parietal

serous membranes that are the lining of cavities

Visceral

serous membrane that sticks to organs and protects them

Meninges

The visceral serous membranes that stick to the brain and spinal cord

Pericardium

The visceral serous membranes that sticks to the heart

Pleurae

The serous membranes that stick to and protect the lungs

Ipsilateral

Two body parts are on the same side

contralateral

two body parts are on opposite sides

Integumentary System

Skin and accessory organs. Used for support and protection

Skeletal System

Bones and associated cartilage. Movement. Protects body parts. Stores minerals and produces blood cells

Muscular System

Movement.Skeletal muscles and bones work together for movement. Muscles activity generates heat, thus helping to maintain body temperature

Nervous System

Brain, spinal cord, associated nerves. These nerves conduct sensory nerve signals to brain and spinal cord. Used for control.

Endocrine System

Hormonal glands which secrete chemicals that serve as messengers between body parts. Help maintain constant internal environment. Control

Cardiovascular System

consists of the heart and the blood vessels that carry blood through the body. Used for transportation and defense

lymphatic system

protects the body from disease. transportation and defense

urinary system

contains kidneys and bladder. Rids the body of waste

Digestive System

consists of the mouth, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine. Receives food and digests it for nutrients. nourishment and waste removal

Reproductive system

Survival of species

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set