The concept of normalization in this country first emerged for individuals with which disability?
A.D.H.D (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)
Which groups of students are not currently recognized as a disability category within the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act?
All students with disabilities who need special education because of their disability.
Which students meet the eligibility criteria for special education services under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act?
Students three years to 21 years old
The Individualized Education Program (IEP) is a written document that includes placement, and instructional goals and objectives for which students with disabilities?
From this list of educational professionals, who is most likely to be in the role of providing appropriate related services to a student with a disability?
It was academically and socially beneficial.
In P.L. 94-142, which argument was used to advocate for educating students with disabilities in the least restrictive environment with students who did not have disabilities?
The Regular Education Initiative (REI) sponsored by the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services laid the groundwork for which type of delivery model for students with disabilities?
How many additional resources and services the individual student requires.
For students with disabilities, the level of restrictiveness of an educational placement typically depends on which factor?
To provide them with equal access to educational opportunities.
Which of the following was the primary goal of P.L. 94-142 for students with disabilities?
Office of Special Education Programs
Which agency is primarily responsible for the implementation of special education legislation in the U.S.?
Focuses on providing more access to general education and requires transitional planning in high school.
Which of the following describes the changes made in the reauthorization of IDEA 2004
1. Specific Learning Disabilities
2. Speech or language impairments
3. Mental Retardation
4. Emotional Disturbance
5. Multiple Disabilities
6. Hearing Impairments
7. Orthopedic Impairments
8. Other Health Impairments
9. Visual Impairments
12. Traumatic Brain Injury
Categories of student's with disabilities.
Semantics is the study of
The meaning of complex language
Dysgraphia refers to a severe impairment in the ability to
By definition, every student with a learning disability has
Students with poor phonological skills are more likely to have problems with which aspect of written language
What percent of the total disability population served under IDEA do students with learning disabilities represent?
The single biggest academic problem for children with learning disabilities is:
The cause of learning disabilities has been attributed to agents that cause malformations or defects in developing fetuses which are called
Difficulties experienced by students with learning disabilities in perceiving and understanding others reflects a problem with
Jonathan is a student with learning disabilities. When his teacher directs students to work independently on a writing assignment, he works, but fails to complete the written work. His inability to complete independent written assignments indicates a problem with:
The law provides students with special education services if they meet the eligibility criteria.
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act is considered an entitlement law because of which reason?
They have a disability and need special education because of their disability.
According to the dual standard of eligibility within the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, students are entitled to special education services under which two conditions?
Procedural due process, least restrictive environment, nondiscriminatory evaluation, and parent participation.
Which of the following choices are considered as key principles within the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act?
Biased and inappropriate evaluation procedures.
The disproportionate representation of students from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds in special education programs is considered to be related to which of the following factors?
Which section of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act includes the provision for students with disabilities between the ages of 3 and 21?
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act and the Americans with Disabilities Act.
Which two pieces of federal legislation define "a person with a disability" as an individual who has a physical or mental impairment which substantially limits one or more of the person´s major life activities, has a record of such an impairment, or is regarded as having such an impairment?
They can be beneficiaries of Section 504, but not the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.
Which of the following statements represent a true statement for students with disabilities?
ADA protects individuals in both the private and public sector.
What is the main difference between Section 504 and the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)?
Local, state, intermediate, and federal.
What are the four levels of educational agencies that are typically involved in the implementation of special education programs for students with disabilities?
Small rural areas
Intermediate agencies that provide special education or related services to students with disabilities are typically found in which type of region?
it simplifies the identification process by relying on test scores
The 1992 AAMR classification has all of the following advantages over previous systems EXCEPT that
intensity of support needed
In 1992, and the subsequent 2002 AAMR definition recommended that professional classify individuals with intellectual disabilities according to
realization that students can be "streetwise" despite low iq test scores
The current emphasis on adaptive skills in defining intellectual disabilities is due to the
Cause of intellectual disabilities that occur before the birth of the child are categorized as
An example of a biological cause of intellectual disabilities are all of the following EXCEPT
The ability to keep information in mind while also doing another task is
The ability and opportunity to make choices and decisions related to one´s life is
difficulties in articulation
The speech problems most often seen in individuals with intellectual disabilities are
discrimination of important stimulus characteristics
Selective attention refers to
Externalizing and internalizing
Two broad dimensions of behavior are
The federal definition of emotional or behavioral disabilities has been most widely criticized for its exclusion of children with
Michael is a fifth grader with emotional or behavioral disability. He frequently steals from other students, throws things, and yells at his teachers as well as his peers. These characteristics are typical of students with
Overwhelming fear of an object or situation
A phobia is defined as:
In the majority of cases, the cause of E/BD is:
An example of an anxiety disorder include the following EXCEPT:
Terminology for ADHD has included all but the following:
What year did the third edition of the Diagnostic Statistical manual (DSM-III) use the diagnostic terminology of attention deficit disorder with hyperactivity and attention deficit disorder without hyperactivity?
Service students under learning disabilities
Service students under other health impaired
Service students under Section 504
What provision did the United States Department of Education offer school districts?
Primarily inattentive, primarily hyperactive-impulsive subtype, and combined subtype
What were the three subtypes:
Research has demonstrated that AD/HD has a very strong
What is the connection between psycho medical disorders and ADHD?
ADHD is defined by:
Both sets of inattention and hyperactive and impulsive criteria.
To meet the criteria for AD/HD combined type a child must meet:
Tests designed to compare an individual student´s score with that of national averages are called:
Non-standardized methods of evaluating progress such as interviews, observations, and teacher-made tests are called:
The collection of information in order to identify problems and make educational decisions is called:
Assessments directly from a school´s language series provide skills and objectives for each level and are referred to as:
Tests designed to measure performance against a set of skill mastery criteria are called:
Assessments that follow a prescribed format for administration and scoring are called:
Tests designed to provide a more precise and detailed information of the full range of a child´s knowledge and skill so that instruction can be more precisely planned is called:
Assessments that provide evaluation data of overall effectiveness of programs are referred to as:
continuous progress monitoring
The collection of student performance information is called:
Standard procedures must be followed
Student´s best efforts must be enlisted
Responses must be correctly scored
Critical constructs of standardized testing as described by Terman and Merrill (1937) include each of the following:
Code of Fair Testing Practices in Education
The professional guidelines for assessment is included in:
Use of assessment data
Concerns related to the non-discriminatory use of standardized assessments include all of the following:
striving for fairness
The Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing (1985) describe specific indicators for each of the following:
The standardized methods of administering a test is important to its:
validity of test use
The fact that tests may be used inappropriately even though they are technically adequate instruments is referred to as:
observing and recording student behaviors
During test administration, the examiner should be:
The best source of information on the guidelines and procedures for administering formal assessment instruments is the:
The beginning point of a student´s performance is:
The derived score that translates test performance into an estimated age, reported in years and months is called the:
The total number of correct answers on a test are: