Ms Kline, San Domenico, 5th Grade -- Level 1 Spelling Words
|abate|| to make less in amount, degree, force|
"The weatherman said that the storm would abate."
|abhor|| to shrink from in fear; disgust or hatred; detest|
"I abhor baiting my fishhook with worms."
|abode|| a place where one lives or stays; home; residence|
"He remained in his abode."
|absurd|| so clearly untrue or unreasonable as to be ridiculous|
"It was absurd to say the baby could reach the counter."
|active|| lively, busy, agile|
"Last night I babysat for a very active two-year old."
|advise|| to give advice or an opinion to; counsel|
"The lawyer will advise her client."
|against|| in opposition to|
"The student council voted against school uniforms."
|almond|| the edible, nutlike kernel of the small, dry peachlike fruit of a tree|
"Modesto is known as an almond growing region."
|amaze|| to fill with great surprise or sudden wonder|
"The musician's talent will amaze the audience."
|antics|| odd and funny; ludicrous; pranks, capers|
"The antics of the little monkey made him seem almost human."
|appoint|| to name or select officially for an office, position|
"We will appoint a chairman."
|argue|| to dispute or quarrel.|
"My friend and I often argue over trivial details.
|arrange|| to put in the correct, proper, or suitable order|
"The librarian will arrange the books."
|ascend|| to go upward|
"My ears always pop when planes ascend."
|aspirin|| a white crystalline drug used as a pain and fever remedy|
"The doctor prescribed aspirin and bed rest for my cold."
|ballad|| a romantic or sentimental song with the same melody for each stanza|
"The singer sang a beautiful ballad."
|ballot|| a ticket or paper by which a vote is registered; act or method of voting|
"The class president was elected by a written ballot."
|balsa|| a tropical American tree that yields an extremely light and buoyant wood used for airplane models, rafts|
"The balsa provides wood for models."
|bankrupt|| a person legally declared unable to pay his debts|
"The store's owner was bankrupt and had to go out of business."
|banter|| to tease or make fun of in a playful, good-natured way|
"The children banter with each other."
|barley|| a cereal grass; grain used in making soups, malts and as feed for animals|
"My mother added barley to the soup to thicken it."
|barren|| not bringing useful results, unproductive; unprofitable|
"The barren field was eroding."
|barter|| to trade for goods or services without using money|
"The market offered to barter groceries for custodial work."
|basin|| a washbowl or sink|
"Rinse your contact lenses over a basin with the drain closed."
|believe|| to take as true; to have confidence in the promise of another|
"I believe in my religion."
|benefit|| promotion of welfare or prosperity|
"This project will benefit all mankind."
|boggle|| to confuse or overwhelm|
"Her idea would boggle your mind."
|brief|| condensed; short; outline of an argument|
"Her synopsis of the story was very brief."
|burglar|| a person who commits burglary|
"The burglar was brought to trial."
|business|| a commercial or industrial enterprise|
"Starting a new business requires money and dedication."
|caboose|| the trainmen's car on a freight train, usually at the rear|
"The caboose was the last car."
|caldron|| a large kettle or boiler|
"The stew simmered in the caldron."
|career|| one's progress through life or in a particular vocation|
"She chose her career carefully."
|casserole|| earthenware or glass baking dish, or food cooked in one|
"Please bring a vegetable casserole to the pot luck."
|category|| one of the divisions used in a system of classification|
"This chemistry book should be placed in the science category."
|character|| a person in a novel, story or play|
"The author created a very believable character in this novel."
|chocolate|| a food prepared from ground cacao beans.|
"For dessert we are serving chocolate cake."
|chorus|| music written for group singing|
"The group joined together for the chorus."
|collar|| the part of a garment that encircles the neck; band or chain or leather for the neck of a dog, cat or other pet|
"Laddie wore a jeweled collar."
|compel|| to enforce or constrain, as to do something|
"The new laws compel judges to issue the maximum sentence."
|computer|| a programmable electronic device that performs operations on data at high speed|
"Knowing how to use a computer can help you get a better job."
|convert|| to change from one form to another|
"We learned how to convert fractions to decimals."
|convoy|| a protecting escort, as for ships or troops; a group traveling together|
"Destroyers will convoy the troopships."
|copra|| the source of coconut meat or coconut oil|
"Hawaii produces a great amount of copra."
|corral|| an enclosure for holding or capturing horses or other livestock; pen; to confine; roundup|
"The wild horses were penned in the corral on the ranch."
|corrupt|| spoiled; contaminated; morally unsound|
"The corrupt official accepted a bribe."
|creeper|| a person or animal that moves along close to the ground; lowest gear in a truck; one-piece garment for a baby; vine with tendrils|
"The small bird was a creeper searching for insects."
|crick|| a painful muscle spasm or cramp in the neck or back, etc.|
"Watching the tennis match gave her a crick in the neck."
|crimson|| deep red color|
"The sky, at sunset, became beautifully crimson."
|crisis|| a turning point in the course of anything; decisive or crucial time, stage of event|
"His fever reached its crisis at three in the morning."
|custom|| usual practice of behaving; habit; duties or taxes imposed by a government on imported or exported goods|
"Having parties at Halloween was the custom of the neighborhood."
|dampen|| to make moist; to deaden, depress or lessen|
"She was asked to dampen the clothes so they could be ironed later."
|dapper|| small and neat; trim; active and smart|
"He looked dapper in the new suit from his tailor."
|data|| things known or assumed; facts or figures for information|
"The computer analyst fed the data into the machine."
|deafen|| overwhelm with noise|
"The volume of the loudspeaker will deafen the audience."
|debark|| to unload from or leave a ship or aircraft|
"We will proceed to debark the material as soon as the plane stops."
"I could not decipher the doctor's handwriting."
|defect|| lack of something for completeness; deficiency; forsake one's cause and join the opposition|
"It was on sale because of a defect in the pattern."
|deflect|| to turn or make bend to one side; swerve|
"They used their shields to deflect the arrows."
|deft|| skillful in a quick, sure and easy way; dexterous|
"With deft fingers, she continued knitting the sweater."
|depress|| to press down; push or pull down; lower|
"If you depress this button, water comes out."
|depth|| distance from the top downward; deepness; intensity, as of colors|
"They dropped a stone in the well to try to determine its depth."
|desist|| to cease; stop; abstain from action|
"The librarian urged them to desist their discussion so others could study and concentrate."
|dessert|| usually the sweet course of a dinner; pie; cake, puddings, etc.|
"Lemon pie is my favorite dessert."
|destroy|| to tear down; demolish; to break up; ruin; crush|
"The demolition crew will destroy the whole building."
|detract|| to take something desirable away from|
"Frowning will detract from the beauty of her face."
|devoid|| completely without; empty or destitute|
"Crippled badly from the accident, he was devoid of any way to resume his former occupation."
|dictionary|| wordbook, lexicon|
"If you can't spell the beginning of a word, it is hard to look it up in a dictionary."
|direct|| consisting of the exact words of the writer or speaker; to show the way to|
"It was a direct quotation by the speaker."
|discard|| to throw away, abandon; get rid of as having no value|
"They planned to discard the unwanted clothing."
|discipline|| training that develops self-control or character|
"In obedience classes, pet owners learn to discipline their pets consistently."
|dismal|| causing gloom; depressing; bleak; dreary|
"It was a dark and dismal day."
|disrupt|| to break up; rend asunder; to disturb or interrupt|
"Bringing up the subject will disrupt the orderliness of this meeting."
|distinct|| clearly perceived or marked off; plain, well-defined; individual|
"The medal he received showed a distinct and special honor."
|distract|| to draw the mind away in another direction; divert|
"In order to take it from the child, we had to distract his attention by allowing him to pet the cat."
|distress|| to cause sorrow or misery; pain; suffering|
"Arthritic pain causes distress in her stiff knee when she walks.
|dither|| to be nervously excited or confused|
"Before the curtain rose, she was all in a dither."
|dogged|| not giving in readily; persistent; stubborn|
"He showed a dogged resistance to all arguments."
|dormant|| sleeping; quiet; still; inoperative; inactive|
"Some plants and animals are dormant during the cold weather."
|dosage|| the system to be followed in taking doses, as of medicine|
"He forgot to take his dosage of cough medicine."
|doting|| foolishly fond; excessively|
"Sometimes a doting parent can cause problems for the child."
|dowdy|| not neat or stylish in dress or appearance; shabby|
"Many of the candidates appeared dowdy."
|downy|| soft and fluffy, like down|
"The child petted the downy chick."
|draggy|| slow moving; lethargic; dull; boring|
"Some of us are draggy, especially in the early morning."
|dreadful|| inspiring dread; terrible or awesome|
"The volcano's eruption was dreadful."
|drizzle|| a fine, mistlike rain|
"The drizzle was just enough to make the sidewalks slippery."
|dual|| of two; having or composed of two parts or kinds; double|
"He had a dual personality, sometimes very kind, sometimes very aloof and severe."
|dusky|| lacking light; dim; shadowy|
"In the dusky room, he could only identify outlines."
|eclipse|| the partial or total obscuring of the sun when the moon comes between it and the earth; or of the moon when the earth's shadow is cast upon it.|
"We studied the lunar eclipse in class."
|edict|| an official proclamation or public order made by authority or decree|
"The edict issued by the King had to be obeyed by all."
|efface|| to rub out, as from a surface; erase; wipe out; obliterate|
"They tried to efface the memory."
|elude|| to avoid or escape from by quickness, cunning, evade|
"We will try to elude the traffic congestion."
|embark|| to board a ship, airplane; to begin a journey, an enterprise|
"We embark on our journey to Europe at 7:00 p.m."
|emblem|| a visible symbol of a thing, class of people; a sign|
"The cross is an emblem of Christianity."
|emboss|| to cover or decorate with designs; to carve, raise or print a design so it is above the surface; embellish; ornament|
"She asked her sister to emboss the new chair."
|emerge|| to develop or evolve as something new, improved|
"A new town will emerge after construction."
|employ|| to engage services or labor for pay|
"The new business is seeking to employ fifty qualified workers."
|encamp|| to set up a campsite; to put in a camp|
"The meadow along the river looked like a good site to encamp."
|enchant|| to charm; bewitch; set a spell on as by magic; delight|
"Her acting will enchant all who see the play."
|endorse|| to give approval to; support; sanction|
"The community will endorse the candidate."
|endow|| provide with money, talent, quality or property, etc.|
"In her will, she will endow the hospital with a permanent income."
|engorge|| to devour greedily|
"The hungry man seemed to engorge his meal."
|engross|| to occupy one's whole attention|
"This book will thoroughly engross him."
|engulf|| to swallow up; overwhelm|
"The raging river will engulf the house."
"Do you have enough clothes for your trip?"
|enrich|| to give greater value, importance, effectiveness, etc., to|
"The new class will enrich the curriculum."
"Be careful that you don't make an error in spelling this word."
|erupt|| burst forth or out; to break out in a rash|
"Lava will erupt from the volcano."
|ethnic|| designating any, or of any, of the basic groups or divisions of mankind, having the same customs, characteristics, history or language|
"His ethnic background was Italian."
|excel|| to be better or greater than; superior to|
"Tests showed he would excel in Social Studies."
|facet|| any of a number of sides or aspects, as of a personality|
"They had never seen the generous facet of his personality."
|facile|| not hard to do or achieve|
"After years of practice, her violin playing appeared facile."
|faithful|| having or showing a strong sense of duty or responsibility|
"My dog is a very faithful companion."
|famine|| any acute shortage|
"The people were suffering from the famine."
|feather|| the lightweight body covering of birds|
"Use the feather duster to clean these figurines."
|February|| the second month of the year|
"Valentine's Day is February 14th."
|feeble|| without force or effectiveness|
"Their feeble attempt was not successful."
|fiction|| anything made up or imagined, as a statement or story|
"The librarian directed us to the fiction section."
|flaming|| burning with fire; blazing; intensely emotional|
"We watched the fire flaming and casting sparks high in the air."
|flimsy|| thin and easily broken or damaged; poorly made and fragile|
"The door was flimsy and could not be locked."
|fluent|| moving or flowing smoothly; able to write or speak easily, expressively|
"The teacher was fluent in three languages."
|fracas|| noisy fight or loud quarrel; brawl|
"They were having a fracas in the hall."
|furnish|| supply, provide or equip; to put furniture into a room|
"They decided to furnish the den with modern pieces."
|gallant|| stately; imposing|
"The gallant ship cruised into the harbor."
|gamut|| the entire range or extent, as of emotions|
"The actress demonstrated the gamut of emotions."
|garble|| to confuse or mix up unintentionally|
"Although she had studied the poem, she started to garble it when it was her turn to recite."
|genius|| remarkable intellectual aptitude|
"Only a genius can join Mensa, the high IQ society."
|giraffe|| large, cud-chewing animal with a very long neck|
"Seeing the giraffe made our trip to the zoo more enjoyable."
|glisten|| to shine or sparkle with reflected light, as a wet or polished surface|
"The new car did glisten in the sunlight."
|glossy|| having a smooth, shiny appearance or finish|
"The glossy cat was sleeping in the window."
|goulash|| a beef stew with onion, paprika and caraway seeds.|
"My Hungarian grandmother's favorite dish was goulash."
|govern|| to exercise authority over; rule, administer; direct or control|
"The officials will govern in an orderly manner."
|grammar|| the system of word structures and word arrangements of a given language at a given time|
"In order to speak the language, an understanding of grammar is helpful."
|granite|| a very hard, crystalline, plutonic rock, gray to pink in color, consisting of feldspar, quartz, and smaller amounts of other minerals|
"The polished granite shone in the sunlight."
|graze|| to feed on (growing grass, herbage, a pasture, etc.)|
"The cattle will graze on the slopes all winter."
|gritty|| of, like, or containing sand; brave; plucky|
"Water from the creek left a gritty substance in the bottom of the cup."
|gruel|| thin, easily digested broth made of meal with water or milk|
"The hot, tasty gruel did not hurt her sore throat as she swallowed."
|heckle|| to annoy or harass by interrupting with questions or taunts|
"The audience began to heckle the speaker."
|hinge|| a joint or device on which a door, gate, lid, etc., swings|
"The hinge needed oiling."
|hobble|| to walk lamely or awkwardly; limp|
"The horse tried to hobble to the corral."
|honest|| frank and open|
"The store owner had an honest face."
|honor|| to respect greatly; regard highly; esteem|
"The family met to honor the visiting grandparents."
|hopeless|| impossible to solve, deal with, teach, etc.|
"After working on the problem for ten hours, it appeared hopeless."
|hostile|| having or showing ill will; unfriendly; antagonistic|
"The lion appeared hostile as the hunter approached."
|hunger|| discomfort or pain caused by lack of food|
"My hunger pangs kept me from concentrating on the test."
|idler|| person who does no work; wastes time; lazy person|
"No one ever saw him doing things, so they thought him an idler."
|ignite|| to set fire to; cause to burn|
"They will ignite the trees with a torch."
|ignore|| to disregard deliberately; pay no attention to; refuse to consider|
"The driver appeared to ignore the road signs."
|impede|| to bar or hinder the progress of; obstruct or delay|
"Some members tried to impede the program."
"The child gave him an impish grin and then ran down the street."
|impose|| to force on another or others without right or invitation; obtrude|
"Although she did not receive an invitation, she tried to impose on the family."
|incite|| to set in motion, to urge to action; stir up, rouse|
"The news of the riot may incite others to act."
|induct|| to lead in; install, as in office; initiate; enroll in the services|
"The chairman used a candlelight ceremony to induct new members."
|inert|| having few or no active properties|
"The inert gas is not considered to be a danger."
|inkling|| a vague idea or notion; suspicion|
"She had an inkling that the biggest present was for her."
|innate|| existing naturally rather than acquired; possessed at birth, inherent|
"He has an innate talent for math."
|inset|| to insert into something else; a map set inside the border of a larger one; a piece of material sewed into a garment|
"The inset shows the downtown section of the city."
|inspire|| to fill with high or reverent emotion; stimulate to creativity or action|
"The concert did inspire him to be a musician."
|jabber|| fast, incoherent, nonsensical talk; gibberish|
"No one could understand the jabber of the twins."
|jacket|| a short coat|
"This blue jacket would look nice with your new skirt."
|jagged|| having sharp projecting points; notched or ragged|
"The jagged edge scratched the smooth surface of the table."
|jargon|| incoherent speech; gibberish; specialized vocabulary and idioms of those in their own line of work|
"She recognized the jargon of classmates taking computer classes."
|jetsam|| that part of the cargo thrown overboard to lighten the ship in danger; discardings|
"Some of the jetsam they threw overboard might be sorely missed later."
|jitney|| formerly old slang for five cents, a nickel; small car or bus which travels a regular route and charges a low fare for passengers to ride|
"The driver of the jitney now charges passengers a dollar."
|jostle|| to bump or push, as in a crowd; elbow or shove roughly|
"As the number increased, the crowd began to jostle the players."
|journal|| a brief account of daily events|
"We kept a journal of our vacation."
|kapok|| fiber used for stuffing mattresses, sleeping bags, pillows, etc.|
"After such a long time of use, the kapok had to be replaced."
|kettle|| a metal container for boiling or cooking|
"I'll boil some water in the kettle for your tea."
|kindling|| bits of dry wood or other easily-lighted material for starting a fire|
"The campers gathered kindling for the fire."
|kosher|| loosely, prepared according to traditional Jewish recipes|
"The kosher pickles were very tasty."
|ladle|| to dip out and pour as with a ladle|
"The cook will ladle the soup for each customer."
|lament|| an outward expression of sorrow; lamentation; wail|
"A long lament was heard in the garden."
|lawyer|| an attorney|
"You should consult your lawyer before signing this contract."
|lecture|| an informative talk given before an audience, class, etc., and usually prepared beforehand|
"The history lecture was very interesting."
|lettuce|| any of a genus of plants grown for its edible green leaves|
"I'll begin washing the lettuce for the salad."
|license|| a document, printed tag, permit, etc., indicating that such permission had been granted|
"The officer asked to see the man's license."
|lightning|| a flash of light in the sky caused by the discharge of atmospheric electricity from one cloud to another or between a cloud and the earth|
"The lightning flashed in the sky."
|limb|| an arm, leg, or wing|
"He was very lucky; only one limb was broken in the accident."
|lining|| to cause to or to bring to a straight row or conformity; in alignment|
"The astronomer was lining up his telescope to look at the stars."
|linkage|| a linking or being linked|
"The investigator studied the linkage between the clues."
|listless|| having no interest in what is going on about one, as a result of illness, weariness, dejection, etc., spiritless; languid|
"The listless dog lay on the floor by the fire."
|lonely|| alone, solitary|
"I was very lonely when I first moved to town."
|loose|| not confined or restrained; free; unbound|
"The sails were loose in the breeze."
|lucid|| clearheaded; rational|
"The lucid thinker explained the axiom."
|macaroon|| a cookie made chiefly of egg whites, sugar and coconut or almond paste|
"I'll bring some macaroon cookies for the bake sale."
|machinery|| the working parts of a machine or instrument|
"The workers had the day off when the machinery broke down."
|mackerel|| a fish, commonly used in cat food.|
"Canned mackerel is my cat's favorite food."
|magnet|| a piece of iron or steel that attracts metal|
"We use a magnet on our refrigerator to hold our shopping list."
|margarine|| a food product usually made from vegetable oils and skim milk|
"Would you like margarine or butter on your toast?"
|medley|| a musical piece made up of tunes or passages from various works|
"The chorus performed the medley very well."
|method|| a way of doing anything|
"What method did you use to arrive at your answer?"
|milling|| circular or random motion of or as a herd or crowd|
"The ducks were milling around the bread crumbs."
|mimic|| imitative; inclined to copy; to ape; make believe; mock|
"The actor could mimic many of his fellow artists."
|murmur|| a low indistinct sound|
"Sitting on the patio, I could hear the murmur of the wind in the trees."
|narrate|| to tell in writing or speech|
"The teacher began to narrate the story."
|nectar|| any very delicious drink; sweetish liquid in flowers gathered by bees to make honey|
"The icy cold lemonade was like nectar."
|nightmare|| a frightening or oppressing dream|
"I had a really scary nightmare last night."
|ninth|| the ordinal number 9th|
"In many districts ninth grade is the first year of high school."
|nomad|| member of a tribe of people having no permanent home; wanderer|
"Like a nomad, he roamed all over the world."
|notice|| a written or printed sign giving some public information, warning or rule|
"The public meeting notice was posted all over town."
|nubby|| covered with small nubs, or lumps; having a rough, knotted surface|
"The nubby fabric was rough to touch."
|oblong|| longer than broad; elongated, specif., (a) rectangular and longer in one direction than in the other, esp. longer horizontally, (b) elliptical|
"They wondered what was in the oblong box."
|obstacle|| something that stands in the way or opposes|
"Scaling the wall was the final challenge of the obstacle course."
|occur|| to take place; happen|
"The celebration will occur next week."
|offense|| the condition of being offended, esp. of feeling hurt, resentful, or angry; umbrage|
"His friend took offense from the joke."
|optic|| of the eyes; sense of sight|
"The optic nerve was not damaged."
|orchid|| the flower of a tropical plant|
"As we stepped off the plane in Hawaii, we were given an orchid lei."
|ostrich||a large, swift-running bird of Africa and the Near East, the largest and most powerful of living birds: it has a long neck, very long legs with two toes on each foot, and small, useless wings; the white tail and wing feathers of the male are used in millinery and as trimming|
"The white ostrich feather adorned her new hat."
|owing|| due; unpaid; because of|
"The balance owing was ten dollars."
|ozone|| an unstable, pale-blue gas, with a penetrating odor; it is an allotropic form of oxygen|
"The ozone layer is very important for man's survival."
|package|| a wrapped or boxed thing or group of things|
"I hope the package will arrive in the mail today."
|pamphlet|| a short publication with no cover|
"Please send me your pamphlet about summer camp."
|parallel|| extending in the same direction and same distance apart|
"Center Avenue runs parallel to Maple Street."
|partner|| a person who takes part in some activity in common with another or others|
"His partner kept the books, and he did the purchasing."
|passage|| permission, right, or a chance to pass|
"The hunters received passage through the field."
|passive|| offering no opposition or resistance; submissive; yielding; patient|
"The passive cat was carried to the veterinarian's office."
|pastime|| something that helps time pass enjoyably|
"Cooking and making pastry is my favorite pastime."
|pasture|| to graze or feed on (grass, etc.)|
"The cattle will pasture in the meadow."
|pattern|| a regular, mainly unvarying way of acting or doing|
"The psychologist will study the animal's behavior pattern."
|people|| human beings|
"A large group of people gathered to watch the parade."
|perturb|| to cause to be alarmed, agitated, or upset; disturb or trouble greatly|
"The loudspeaker may perturb the musician in the adjoining room."
|pesky|| annoying; disagreeable; troublesome|
"We all swatted at the pesky mosquitoes."
|pigment|| coloring matter, usually insoluble powder, mixed with oil or water, etc., to make paints; coloring matter in the cells, tissues of plants, animals|
"Pigment in some plants is increased when they grow in full sun."
|pilgrim|| person who wanders; traveler to shrine or holy place; any member of the English Puritans who founded Plymouth colony in 1620|
"Priscilla was the bride of a pilgrim."
|plunder|| to rob or despoil by force, esp. in warfare|
"The military will plunder the village after the battle."
|polar|| opposite in character, nature, direction, etc.|
"The twins were polar in their taste in music."
|poncho|| a cloak like a blanket with a hole in the middle for the head|
"The warm poncho is valuable in winter weather."
|portion|| share; part of|
"They were willing to give up a portion of their food."
|portly|| large and heavy in a dignified, stately way; stout; corpulent|
"He bought his clothing in the section for portly men."
|possess|| to have as an attribute, quality, faculty, etc.|
"The man is known to possess wisdom."
|posture|| the position or carriage of the body in standing or sitting; bearing|
"Good posture is important for good health."
|powder|| any dry substance in the form of very fine, dustlike particles, produced by crushing, grinding, etc.|
"Without rain, the soil became a powder."
|prepare|| to make ready, usually for a specific purpose|
"How are you going to prepare for the spelling competition?"
|prior|| preceding in time; earlier; previous|
"References from a prior employer were needed."
|proceed|| to advance or go on; to move along or to be carried on; come forth|
"After answering this question, please proceed to the next."
|prompt|| quick to act or do; ready; punctual; done, spoken, without delay|
"A good example will help to prompt him to turn in his homework."
|prosper|| succeed; thrive; grow vigorously; wealth; good fortune|
"Having found the right soil conditions, his crop began to prosper."
|prying|| improperly curious or inquisitive|
"Someone was prying into her personal affairs."
|raccoon|| a small carnivore of North America, usually nocturnal|
"A raccoon raided our campsite while we were asleep."
|rally|| to summon or bring together for a common purpose; assist; support a cause|
"He was sent to rally the retreating troops."
|rampant|| growing luxuriantly; flourishing|
"The roses were rampant in the garden."
|ransom|| consideration paid for the release of a captured person|
"The kidnapper demanded $500,000 in ransom for the child."
|raspberry|| small round fleshy red or black berry|
"These raspberry preserves won a blue ribbon at the county fair."
|rating|| a placement in a certain rank or class|
"The program received the top rating."
|razor|| sharp-edged cutting instrument for shaving or cutting off hair|
"No one was allowed to use his razor."
|react|| to act in return or reciprocally|
"The director did not expect the actress to react that way."
|receive|| to take into one's hand or possession|
"I hope I receive a portable CD player for my birthday."
|redeem|| to get back; recover, as by paying a fee|
"The renter wants to redeem his deposit."
|refuge|| a place of safety; shelter; safe retreat|
"The deer sought a refuge from the hunters."
|relent|| to soften in temper; become less severe, stern, stubborn|
"Perhaps he will relent and allow you to go if you promise to return early."
|remnant|| what is left over; remainder; residue|
"The small piece of cloth left from the bolt will sell as a remnant."
|render|| to give, hand over, submit, as for approval; to give in return|
"When you finish shopping, the clerk will render a bill for payment."
|rescue|| to free or save from danger, imprisonment, evil, etc.|
"He was a hero because the rescue had been a success."
|retain|| to keep in mind|
"After studying the words for six weeks, we should retain most of them."
|retrieve|| to get and bring back|
"That dog certainly loves to retrieve the ball."
|revenge|| to inflict damage, injury, or punishment in return for an injury, insult, etc.|
"The leaders plotted revenge for the bombing."
|riddle|| any puzzling, perplexing, or apparently inexplicable person or thing, as a difficult problem or enigmatic saying: enigma|
"Rita recited the riddle, and Roger responded."
|romaine|| a variety of lettuce|
"Caesar salad recipes usually call for romaine lettuce."
|roommate|| one of two or more persons sharing a room|
"Luckily, my roommate at camp didn't snore."
|ruin|| the remains of a fallen building, city, etc., or something destroyed, devastated, decayed, etc.|
"The explorer discovered the ruin deep within the jungle."
|rumor|| definite talk not based on knowledge; hearsay; gossip|
"We have heard a rumor that there will be no test tomorrow."
|rustle|| to make or cause to make an irregular succession of soft sounds|
"The leaves rustle in the wind."
|safety|| freedom from danger; security|
"Safety precautions are very important both at home and at school."
|scarlet|| very bright red with a slightly orange tone|
"The scarlet car captured everyone's attention."
|scissors|| a cutting instrument with handles and a pair of blades|
"Using sewing scissors for cutting paper makes them dull."
|scribble|| illegible or careless handwriting; scrawl|
"The doctor's scribble was hard to read."
|scurry|| to run hastily; scamper|
"The rabbits will scurry through the woods."
|secure|| free from fear, care, doubt, or anxiety; not worried, troubled, or apprehensive|
"Within the fort, the cavalry felt secure."
|sentry|| sentinel, esp. any of the military guard posted to warn of danger|
"The sentry would not open the gate to anyone without identification."
|session|| a school term or period of study|
"The fall session of school was about to end."
|shaky|| not firm; weak, unsteady; trembling, not dependable; questionable|
"After the earthquake, the walls were shaky."
|shepherd|| a person who herds and takes care of sheep|
"The shepherd guarded the flock during the night."
|signal|| a sign or event fixed or understood as the occasion for prearranged combined action|
"The bugle will signal the attack."
|skeptic|| person who habitually doubts, questions or suspends judgment on generally accepted matters|
"He was such a skeptic that he was known as 'Doubting Thomas'."
|skirmish|| a brief encounter between small groups, usually an incident of a battle|
"The skirmish was quickly forgotten after the peace treaty was signed."
|slacken|| to become less active, intense, brisk|
"The runners began to slacken their pace."
|smoky|| emitting smoke, especially in large quantities|
"A smoky fire doesn't provide much warmth."
|suet|| the hard fat about the kidneys and loins of beef and mutton|
"I asked the butcher to prepare the suet I need for the plum pudding."
|surround|| to enclose on all sides; encircle|
"For safety reasons we needed to surround our pool with a fence."
|tactics|| any method used to gain an end; esp., skillful methods or procedure|
"Although successful, his tactics were questioned."
|tarnish|| to dull or discolor the surface of a metal object; to spoil, mar or debase a memory; lose luster from oxidation|
"Silver needs to be polished often or it will tarnish."
|tariff|| duty or tax placed by a government on imports and some exports; any list or scale of prices, charges etc.|
"We felt the tariff was too high."
|technology|| applied science|
"The rate of technology seems to increase every day."
|terrific|| extraordinary; astounding|
"We saw a terrific movie last night."
|threshold|| a doorsill, a beginning point|
"The guest paused at the threshold, stunned by the beauty of the room."
|traffic|| the movement or number of automobiles along a street|
"There is a lot more traffic on the freeway these days."
|tribute|| something given, done, or said, as a gift, testimonial, etc., to show gratitude, respect, honor, or praise|
"Their success was a tribute to his leadership."
|upheaval|| the action or instance of lifting up from beneath, especially the earth's crust|
"Ancient volcanoes caused a great deal of upheaval in this area."
|uproar|| loud, confused noise; din|
"The uproar was very difficult to quiet."
|useful|| that can be used to advantage; helpful|
"The fork is a useful implement."
|utensil|| an instrument or container used in a household|
"A ladle is the proper utensil to use for serving soup."
|vaccine|| any preparation of killed microorganisms, living weakened organisms, etc., introduced into the body to produce immunity to a specific disease by causing the formation of antibodies|
"The polio vaccine was a tremendous advance in medicine."
|veteran|| a former member of the armed forces|
"Only one World War I veteran attended the ceremony this year."
|vigil|| watchful staying awake; a watch kept for a period of time|
"While others slept, he kept his lonely vigil."
|villain|| an evil person; scoundrel|
"In a melodrama the audience boos whenever the villain appears."
|volume|| the quantity, strength, or loudness of sound|
"The volume of the music was deafening."
|warbler|| a bird which sings in trills, runs or quavers; songster|
"Though we could not see him, we heard the melodious song of the warbler."
|warmth|| state of giving off moderate degree of heat; moderate, mild heat|
"We could feel the warmth of the sun on our faces."
|whistle|| to make a clear, shrill cry; said of some birds and animals|
"We heard the birds whistle in the trees."
|whittle|| to reduce, destroy, or get rid of gradually, as if by whittling away with a knife|
"We hope to whittle down the cost of the project."
|whoosh|| to make a quick, hissing or rushing sound of something moving swiftly through the air|
"At takeoff, the rocket will whoosh by the airport."
|width|| distance from side to side; breadth|
"We have to measure the width of the shelf to make sure it will fit the space."
|wiring|| the action of a person or thing that wires|
"The electrician did the wiring very quickly."
|worsted|| a smooth compact yarn from long wool fibers, or the fabric made from the yarn|
"These worsted wool trousers will last a long time."
|wrapper|| that in which something is wrapped; covering; cover|
"The gum wrapper was a shiny silver."
|yawn|| an act of yawning or opening wide|
"The movie was boring, and the audience began to yawn."
|yearling|| an animal one year old or in its second year|
"The rancher brought the yearling into the barn."