Ms Kline, San Domenico, 5th Grade -- Level 2 Spelling Words

344 terms by MaxwellFaraday Plus

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Marin County Spelling Bee words Level 2

abdicate

to give up formally (a high office, authority, throne, etc.)


"The king plans to abdicate his throne."

abdominal

lower part of the trunk of the human body; in, on or for the abdomen


"The abdominal bandage seemed too tight."

aberrant

abnormal or deviant


"Her rude, aberrant behavior was quite a shock."

abrogate

to cancel or repeal by authority


"Congress must abrogate the new tax law."

acetylene

a colorless, poisonous, highly flammable gaseous hydrocarbon


"This most brilliant of the illuminating gases is acetylene."

acrimonious

stinging, caustic


"Those acrimonious remarks will make you unpopular."

acquittal

discharge of duty; being set free by the court


"From lack of evidence submitted, the judge decreed an acquittal."

adolescence

the time of life between puberty and maturity; youth


"During adolescence, one is often uncertain."

aesthetic

sensitive to art and beauty


"In order to help develop their children's aesthetic tastes, many family trips to art galleries were planned."

affinity

close relationship


"Fish have an affinity with water."

agglomeration

a jumbled heap, mass, etc.


"The agglomeration of articles for the rummage sale was staggering."

aghast

feeling great horror or dismay


"Upon seeing the tornado's destruction, he was aghast."

aluminum

most abundant metal element in the Earth's crust


"Don't put aluminum foil in the microwave."

ambiguous

not clear


"The treaty is very ambiguous."

anachronism

anything that is or seems to be out of its proper time in history


"A black and white television is an anachronism today."

anathema

a thing or person greatly detested


"Censorship is anathema to Americans."

anonymous

no name known or acknowledged; name withheld


"The poem read was written by an anonymous poet."

antiquated

no longer used or useful; obsolete


"The old cabin contained some antiquated relics of the olden days."

antithesis

the direct opposite


"Love is the antithesis of hate."

apocryphal

spurious; counterfeit


"The apocryphal memories of the countess cannot be admitted as evidence."

apostle

the first advocate of a view point or reform


"The student body president was an apostle for year-round school."

apparition

a strange figure appearing suddenly and thought to be a ghost


"After hearing the spooky story, the children thought they saw an apparition."

appropriate

to take for one's own, often without right


"I wish my roommate would not appropriate my clothes."

aqueduct

large pipe made for bringing water from a distant source


"The aqueduct provided the farmers with the much needed water for crops."

archetype

the perfect example of a type or group


"Mickey Mouse is the archetype for cartoon characters."

ascension

the act of ascending


"We watched the balloon's ascension into the clouds."

asceticism

religious doctrine where self-denial is practiced to reach a higher spiritual state


"Trappist monks practice asceticism."

assuage

sooth, ease


"Saying 'I'm sorry' is a way to assuage your guilt ."

atrophy

a wasting away of body tissue, organ, or the failure of an organ or part to grow or develop, as because of insufficient nutrition


"Without proper nutrition, the muscles will atrophy."

awkward

not graceful, clumsy


"My walk was very awkward right after my cast was removed."

baccalaureate

an address or sermon delivered to a graduating class at commencement


"The graduating seniors and their families will attend the baccalaureate."

bailiwick

one's particular area of authority, activity, interest


"The coach's bailiwick is tennis."

balustrade

a railing


"The balustrade around the porch was made of cedar."

barrage

a heavy, prolonged attack of words, blows


"Suddenly the speaker was under a barrage of questions."

battalion

a large group of soldiers arrayed for battle; any large group joined in some activity


"He had command of a battalion during World War II."

biennial

happening every two years


"The reunion is held on a biennial basis."

bilingual

of or in two languages; capable of using two languages with equal skill


"He was offered the position because he was bilingual in English and Spanish."

bizarre

marked by extreme contrasts and incongruities of color, design, or style


"Her purple and orange hair was bizarre."

boisterous

loud, rowdy


"The security officer had to quiet the boisterous group."

boulevard

a broad often landscaped thoroughfare


"Sometimes using the boulevard is faster than taking the freeway."

broccoli

green vegetable high in vitamins


"The consumption of broccoli has increased in recent years."

buoyancy

the tendency of a body to float in a fluid


"Filling the raft with more air will increase its buoyancy."

calligraphy

beautiful handwriting; penmanship


"Calligraphy is an art - a talent to be thankful for."

camaraderie

loyalty and warm, friendly feeling among comrades


"Within the Girl Scout troop, there was great camaraderie."

camouflage

disguise or concealment of this kind


"The tanks' camouflage prevented enemy planes from seeing them."

capitulation

statement of the main parts of a subject; conditional surrender


"Their leader decided that capitulation was best."

carcinogen

cancer causing


"Scientists seem to discover a new carcinogen every day."

carburetor

a device in which air is mixed with gasoline spray to make an explosive mixture in an internal combustion engine


"The carburetor in the truck had to be replaced."

carnivorous

meat-eating


"The lion is a carnivorous animal."

cataclysm

any great upheaval that causes sudden and violent changes


"The weakened government could not withstand another cataclysm."

catastrophe

calamity


"The Northridge Earthquake was a catastrophe."

centrifugal

radiating or departing from the center


"The road was banked to counteract the centrifugal force."

chamois

a soft leather made from the hide of a chamois, deer or sheep


"The gloves were made of chamois leather."

chandelier

lighting fixture hanging from a ceiling, with branches for candles or bulbs


"The chandelier swayed, and we hurried out from under it."

chaotic

completely confused or disordered condition


"The era of the Hundred Years' War was very chaotic."

charlatan

fake


"The phony scientist was a charlatan."

chimerical

imaginary


"Her fears are as chimerical as the hallucinations of insanity."

chivalry

the noble qualities a medieval knight was supposed to have; courage, honor and readiness to help the weak, and to protect women


"We loved his chivalry, seemingly borrowed from the knights of old."

chromosome

one of the DNA containing bodies in a cell nucleus


"This particular gene is found at the end of chromosome 23."

cinematographer

a motion-picture cameraman


"Cecil B. DeMille was a great cinematographer."

circumference

a line that goes around or encloses a circle


"When drawing a snowman, the head usually has a smaller circumference than the body."

clairvoyance

keen perception or insight


"His clairvoyance with a crystal ball was amazing."

clique

a small, exclusive group of people


"She refused to join the clique of students."

coercive

of coercion or tending to coerce


"During the American Revolution, the colonists fought against the coercive government of Great Britain."

colleague

associate in office


"His colleague is going to attend the same workshop."

colloquial

conversational


"The politician's colloquial language endeared him to small town voters."

commingle

to mingle together; intermix, blend


"The separate tribes began to commingle through marriage."

compassionate

feeling or showing compassion


"The compassionate nurse listened to the patient's tale."

condolence

expression of sympathy with another in grief


"A note of condolence is appropriate at time of death."

conjecture

an inference, theory, or prediction based on guesswork; guess


"After hearing the facts, she knew that her conjecture was wrong."

connoisseur

a person who has expert knowledge and keen discrimination in some field, especially in the fine arts or in matters of taste


"His discerning taste buds made him a connoisseur of good wine."

consensus

an opinion held by all or most


"The consensus of party professionals was sought."

contemptuous

full of contempt; scornful; disdainful


"The speaker was very contemptuous of the hecklers."

convoluted

extremely involved; intricate


"The convoluted plot was difficult to understand."

correspondence

a communication by exchange of letters


"Please file this correspondence alphabetically."

counterfeit

to imitate or copy, especially with intent to deceive


"There is a way to check if a bill is counterfeit."

critique

the act or art of criticizing; criticism


"The director did not like the critique of his movie."

croissant

a crescent roll


"A hot, buttery croissant was enjoyed by each one attending the festive brunch."

crucifixion

a crucifying or being crucified


"The punishment of crucifixion was practiced in ancient times."

debacle

an overwhelming defeat or rout


"His resignation from power caused the greatest debacle in the history of his country."

decelerate

to reduce speed; slow down


"The driver began to decelerate as he rounded the bend."

deciduous

shedding leaves annually


"The fall colors on the deciduous trees are beautiful."

delicatessen

a shop where sandwich items meats and cheeses are sold


"Let's stop at the delicatessen to pick up things for our picnic."

depressant

lowering the rate of muscular or nervous activity; to sadden or lower


"The medicine was given as a depressant."

derrick

large apparatus for lifting and moving heavy objects; tall tapering framework over an oil well


"The workmen used a derrick to take the piano up to the 7th floor."

designate

to point or mark out; specify; appoint


"I will designate one of my friends to chair this committee."

dexterity

skill in using one's mind; cleverness


"Her mental dexterity was amazing."

dialysis

the separation of crystalloids from colloids as the elimination of impurities from the blood during kidney failure


"One of our child movie stars has to be hospitalized for dialysis."

dichotomy

division into two (contrasting) halves, pairs of sets


"Reconciling the dichotomy between public and private interests is a difficult job."

differentiate

distinguish between


"The shopper tried to differentiate between the two sweaters."

dilapidated

broken down; shabby and neglected


"We bought a dilapidated house and tried to repair it."

dilemma

predicament; a situation in which one must choose between alternatives


"His dilemma was in having to decide on which color paint to use."

disguise

to change the manner or appearance of in order to prevent recognition


"I will need a mask to disguise myself for the Halloween Party."

disproportionate

not in proportion


"The harsh punishment was disproportionate to the infraction."

disseminate

to scatter seed; to sow widely; spread abroad


"When the dandelion becomes that feathery little puffball, the breezes cause it to disseminate."

dissertation

a formal and lengthy discourse or treatise on some subject


"The student completed her dissertation for the degree of doctor."

divination

a successful guess; clever conjecture


"Her divination of the winner was accurate."

ebullient

overflowing with enthusiasm, high spirits


"After winning the game, the fans were ebullient."

ecclesiastical

of the church


"His writings were based on ecclesiastical discipline."

echelon

any of the levels of responsibility or importance in an organization


"She worked in the echelon where major decisions were made."

eczema

an inflammatory, itching disease of the skin


"A victim of eczema, she could not wear makeup on her face."

effectuate

to bring about; cause to happen; effect


"The team members are trying to effectuate change in spring training rules."

egalitarian

advocating, or characterized by the belief that all men should have equal political, social and economic rights


"The country's government was egalitarian."

ellipsis

the omission of a word or words necessary for complete grammatical construction but understood in the context


"Add ellipsis where I have indicated on the rough draft of the legal pleading."

embarrass

to cause to feel self-conscious, ill at ease


"He did not want to embarrass himself in front of his friends."

emulate

to try to equal or surpass; to rival successfully


"The baby birds strutted back and forth trying to emulate the actions of their parents."

encapsulate

to put in concise form; condense


"We tried to encapsulate the week's news in five minutes."

entomology

the study of insects


"My career in entomology began with a fascination about butterflies."

ephemeral

lasting a very short time


"The sunset was ephemeral in its beauty."

epitome

a short statement of the main points of a book, report, incident; abstract; summary; representative or typical of a class


"He was the epitome of jockeys everywhere - slim, wiry and brisk."

equivocal

two or more meanings; purposely vague; misleading; ambiguous


"Her answer was equivocal, but we couldn't get a definite opinion."

esoteric

beyond the understanding or knowledge or most people


"Few people attended the esoteric lecture on holography."

etymology

The origin and development of a word, affix, phrase, etc.


"The origin and development of words is a branch of linguistics called etymology."

eulogy

speech or writing in praise of a person, event or thing; commendation


"We listened with full hearts to the eulogy on President Kennedy."

euphoria

a feeling of vigor, well-being, or high spirits


"The team had the euphoria that comes from winning."

exacerbate

to exasperate; annoy; irritate; embitter


"He intended to exacerbate the already tense situation by making an exorbitant demand."

exonerate

to relieve of a burden; unload; free from guilt; absolve


"This alibi would prove his innocence and exonerate him of the crime."

expedient

useful for effecting a desired result


"It was expedient for him to alter the facts."

expertise

the skill, knowledge, judgment of an expert


"She was known for her expertise in music."

expletive

an oath or exclamation


"She shouted an expletive when the car would not start."

expropriate

to deprive of ownership; dispossess


"The state will expropriate acreage for the new airport."

facetious

joking, or trying to be jocular, esp. at an inappropriate time


"His mother could not tolerate his facetious remarks."

Fahrenheit

a temperature scale


"Normal body temperature is 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit."

fastidious

not easy to please; very critical or discriminating


"With fastidious attention to detail, the musician practiced the piece again."

feasible

capable of being done or carried out; possible; practicable


"Chartering a bus seems the most feasible method of transportation."

felicitous

well-chosen; appropriate; apt; yielding great pleasure


"He was a felicitous choice for the new position."

ferocious

fierce; savage; violently cruel


"The lion has a ferocious growl."

fictitious

imaginary happening; not real; false; pretended; assumed for disguise


"Some novelists use a fictitious name under which they write."

filibuster

to obstruct the passage of a bill by making long speeches, introducing irrelevant issues, etc.


"The senator carried out his filibuster, ignoring remarks from the floor."

finagle

to cheat; to get something by trickery


"Students find many ways to finagle their way out of homework."

firmament

the sky, viewed poetically as a solid arch or vault


"The sun and the moon are both seen in the firmament at that time."

fissure

long, narrow, deep cleft or crack; dividing or breaking into parts


"The ice, breaking up, opened a wide fissure between the floes."

flabbergast

to make speechless with amazement; astonish


"Seeing a dog climb a tree may flabbergast you."

flourish

grow vigorously; thrive; prosper


"These plants will flourish if you give them proper water and fertilizer."

fluctuate

to move back and forth, up and down; to be continually changing


"Bank interest rates fluctuate from time to time."

forfeit

to lose, give up, or be deprived of


"You forfeit privileges by not registering."

fraudulent

deceitful; based on trickery; intentional deception


"The investigation proved the papers to be fraudulent."

fricassee

a dish of meat cut into pieces and stewed in a gravy


"Chicken fricassee tastes good on a cold evening."

galleon

large Spanish ship of the 15th/16th century


"The galleon had four decks at the stern."

gambol

to jump and skip about in play; frolic


"To gambol about the dance floor is to have a good time."

gauche

lacking social grace; tactless


"My companion's gauche remarks to the staff were very embarrassing."

gazetteer

a geographical dictionary


"The gazetteer portion of this dictionary contains more than seven thousand place names."

geriatrics

branch of medicine dealing with the elderly


"As the population ages, geriatrics will become more lucrative."

gourmet

a connoisseur of fine food and drink


"A good gourmet restaurant covets a recommendation from a food critic."

grievance

circumstance thought to be unjust; resentment or complaint


"Many thought she had reason for her grievance."

guileless

candid, frank; open


"His guileless smile made instant friendships."

harangue

to deliver a long, scolding speech


"I hope the coach doesn't harangue us for the lousy game we played."

harassment

worrying or annoying with repeated attacks


"Sexual harassment in the workplace will not be tolerated."

heartily

friendly, sincere, cordial way; with zest, enthusiasm


"He laughed heartily, thoroughly enjoying the play."

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