6th Grade Social Studies - Landforms

24 terms by dtortu

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Bay

Part of an ocean extending inland

Butte

A raised, flat area of land with steep cliffs, smaller than a mesa

Canyon

A narrow deep valley with steep sides

Cataract

A large waterfall

Cliff

A steep, almost vertical edge of a hill, mountain, or plain

Delta

A triangular area formed by deposits at the mouth of a river

Desert

Dry area of land where few plants grow

Floodplain

Flat land near the edges of rivers formed by mud and silt from floods

Glacier

A large ice mass that moves slowly down a mountain or over land

Harbor

A sheltered area of water safe for docking ships

Isthmus

A narrow strip of land connecting two large bodies of land

Mesa

A wide, flat-topped mountain with steep sides, found mostly in dry areas

Mountain Pass

A gap between mountains

Mouth

The place where a river flows into a lake or ocean

Oasis

A spot of fertile land in a desert, fed by water from wells or underground springs

Plain

A broad, level area of land

Plateau

A broad, flat area of land higher than the surrounding land

Savanna

A region containing scattered trees and vegetation

Sea Level

The level of the surface of the ocean

Strait

A narrow strip of water connecting two large bodies of water

Swamp

An area of land partially covered by water

Tributary

A stream or river that flows into a larger river

Valley

Low land between hills or mountains

Volcano

An opening in the earth, usually raised, through which lava and gasses from the earth's interior escape

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