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ionic bond

chemical bond--metals with non-metals

covalent bond

chemical bond--non-metals with non-metals

stable electron configurations

the reason why atoms bond with each other

new compound

the result of the sharing or transferring of electrons between two different types of atoms

ionic compound

molecules that consist of charged ions with opposite charges; usually solids

electrolyte

ion that are electrically charged

cation

positively-charged ion

anion

negatively-charged ion

ionic bonding

transferring of electrons between a metal and a non-metal OR a metal and a polyatomic ion

polyatomic ion

a group of covalently bonded atoms that act as a single ion

ionic substance

composed of a metal and a non-metal or a polyatomic ion (salts)

ionic compound

elements form ions to achieve a stable octet

ionic compound

formed by electrostatic charge

ionic substance

conduct electricity in liquid state, brittle in solid state

ionic compound

always a electrically neutral compound

ionic compound

fixed charge-only one charge to a particular atom

ionic compound

multiple-variable change, transition metals, roman numerals

fixed charge ionic compound

composed of cations and anions

cations

group 1a/2a metals, Al3+, Zn2+, Ca2+, Ag1+, Ammonium ion

anions

group 5a, 6a, and 7a non-metals, polyatomic ions

multiple charge ionic compound

composed of metals that form two or more cations--transition metals (Pb, Sn, Bi)

multiple charge ionic compound

composed of anions

metals

aren't ionic but share properties with ionic compounds

lattice

where 8-12 other atoms closely surround each metal atom--METALS

sea of electrons model

all metal atoms in a metallic solid contribute their valence e-'s to form a sea of e-'s

delocalized electrons

valence electrons that are free to move around

metallic bond

the attraction of a metallic cation for delocalized electrons

polyatomic ion

an ion formed by the covalent bonding of atoms of two or more different elements

monatomic ion

an ion consisting of one or more atoms of a single element

oxidation number

the sum of the negative and positive charges on an atom

stable duet

what only H, Li, and Be form

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