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Hessians

German soldiers who fought for the British

General William Howe

British commander who hoped the sheer size of his army would convince the Patriots to give up

Nathan Hale

a soldier of the American Revolution who was hanged as a spy by the British

Thomas Paine

Wrote The Crisis

Lemuel Hayes and Peter Salem

African Americans who fought with patriots in Concord

Trenton

On Christmas night, 1776, Washington led 2,400 men across the Delaware River to attack the drunken Hessians who were sleeping. The Americans killed 30 of the enemy and took 918 captives and 6 Hessian cannons.

Princeton

after the battle of Trenton Washington took his troops to a place in new jersey and his army won yet another battle where was this new battle fought at?

Green Mountain Boys

Attacked and defeated the 700 British that were sent to get food at Bennington, Vermont

Saratoga

A battle that took place in New York where the Continental Army defeated the British. It proved to be the turning point of the war. This battle ultimately had France to openly support the colonies with military forces in addition to the supplies and money already being sent.

General Horatio Gates

American troops under his command blocked Burgoyne path to the south

Burgoyne

British general in the American Revolution who captured Fort Ticonderoga but lost the battle of Saratoga in 1777 (1722-1792)

Marquis de Lafayette

French soldier who served under George Washington in the American Revolution (1757-1834)

Bernardo de Galvez

governor of Spanish Louisiana, favored the Patriots, secretly supplied goods to Americans-southwestern frontier

Valley Forge

Where the Americans stayed for the winter of 1777-1778. It was hard because of the lack of money, cold winter, unifroms get worn down, lack of food. So bad that soldiers don't know why they're here and suffering.

Casimir Pulaski

Two Poles, Thaddeus Kosciuszko and ___ died fighting for the Continental Army

Friedrich von Steuben

a former army officer from Germany; also came to help Washington; helped train troops

Juan de Miralles

Spanish that convinced Cuba, Spain, and Mexico to send money to Patriots

Abigail Adams

John Adam's wife, she appealed to her husband to protect the rights of women. a member of the Daughters of Liberty

Betsy Ross

American seamstress said to have made the first American flag at the request of George Washington (1752-1836)

Judith Sargeant Murray

From Massachusetts and said women are just as good as men and that they should get to have the same education

William Livingston

Governor of NJ asked that all slaves be freed

Joseph Brant

Pro-British Mohawk leader that devastated New York and Pennsylvania frontiers in 1778. Led Inidian resistance against white settlement. Organized the northwestern Indians in an alliance.

Henry Hamilton

British called the Hair Buyer because he paid for American Scalps, led British forces at Ft. Sackville

George Rogers Clark

Leader of a small Patriot force that captured British-controlled Fort Vincennes in the Ohio Valley in 1779., secured the Northwest Territory for America

John Paul Jones

American naval commander in the American Revolution (1747-1792) said " I have not yet begun to fight."

General Charles Cornwallis

British general who fought the Patriots in the south; surrounded at Yorktown and surrendered to George Washington

Charleston

Where the Americans were brutally defeated by the British

Camden

Where Cornwallis met Gates Patiot force on August 16th 1780 and crushed it

Francis Marion

South Carolina militia leader nicknamed the "Swamp Fox" for his hit-and-run attacks on the British during the American Revolution.

Nathanael Greene

Replaces Gates as commander of the Continental forces in the South. He split his army into two.

Cowpens

battle in the American Revolution

Guilford Courthouse

Greene's army retreated but the British suffered great losses

General Jean Baptiste de Rochambeau

Frenchman who arrived in New York with 5,000 French soldiers to join Washingotn in war and headed for Yorktown together

Yorktown

The last major battle of the war in which Charles Cornwallis surrendered to George Washington. The French helped us. The was over, and colonists had won!

Admiral Francois de Grasse

French naval commander headed to the Chesapeake Bay to stop British

Anthony Wayne

One of the commanders of the three groups that went to Yorktown

Battle of Yorktown

Last major battle of the Revolutionary War. Cornwallis and his troops were trapped in the Chesapeake Bay by the French fleet. He was sandwiched between the French navy and the American army. He surrendered October 19, 1781.

Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, and John Jay

People that represented America when working out a treaty

Treaty of Paris

agreement signed by British and American leaders that stated the United States of America was a free and independent country

December 1783

When did General Washington bid farewell to his officers in New York City?

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