AP English Language and Composition Terms 33-45

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Terms

Inference/Infer

To draw a reasonable conclusion from the information obtained

Invective

An emotionally violent, verbal denunciation or attack using strong abusive language

Irony/Ironic

The contrast between what is stated explicitly and what is really meant. The difference between what appears to be and what is actually true

Logos(logical)

Means persuading by the use of reasoning; enables the human being to perform as no other animal can

Loose Sentence

A type of sentence in which the main idea(independent clause) comes first, followed by dependent grammatical units such as phrases and clauses. If a period were placed at the end of the independent clause, the clause would be a complete sentence.

Metaphor

A figure of speech using implied comparison of seemingly unlike things of substitution of one for the other, suggesting some similarity

Metonymy

A term from the Greek meaning "changed label" or "substitute name" is a figure of speech in which the name of one object is substituted for that of another closely related to it.

Mood

The first meaning is grammatical and deals with verbal units and a speaker's attitude. The second meaning of mood is literary, meaning the prevailing atmosphere or emotional auro of a work.

Narrative

The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events.

Onomatopoeia

A figure of speech in which sounds are imitated in the sounds of words.

Oxymoron

A figure of speech wherein the author groups contradictory terms to suggest a paradox.

Paradox

A statement that appears to be self-contradictory or opposed to common sense but upon closer inspection contains some degree of truth or validity.

Parallelism

It refers to the grammatical or rhetorical framing of words, phrases, sentences, or paragraphs to give structural similarity.

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