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abiotic

a nonliving factor or element (light,water,heat,rock,energy,mineral)

acid deposition

precipitatation with a pH less than 5.6 that forms in the atmosphere when certain pollutants mix with water vapor

alllele

any of a set of possible forms of a gene

biochemical conversion

the changing of organic matter into other chemical forms

biological diversity

the variety and complexity of species present and interacting in an ecosystem and the relative abundance of each

biomass conversion

the changing of organic matter that has been produced by photosynthesis into uselful liquid, gas, or fuel

biomedical technology

the application of health care theories to develop methods, products and tools to maintain or improve homeostasis

biomes

a community of living organisms of a single major ecological region

biotechnology

the ways that humans apply biological concepts to produce products and provide services

biotic

an enviromental factor related to or produced by living organisms

carbon chemistry

the science of the composition, structure, properties, and reactions of carbon based matter, especially of atomic and molecular systems; sometimes referred to as organic chemistry

closing the loop

a link in the circular chain of recycling events that promotes the use of products made with recycled materials

commodities

economic goods or products before they are processed and/or given a brand name, such as a product of agriculture

composting

the process of mixing decaying leaves, manure and other nutritive matter to improve and fertilize soil

construction technology

the ways that humans build structures on sites

consumer

1) those organisms that obtain energy by feeding on other organisms and their remains 2) a person buying goods or sevices for personal needs or to use in the production of other goods for resale

decomposer

an organism, often microscopic in size, that obtains nutrients by consuming dead organic matter, thereby making nutrients accessible to other organisms; examples of decomposers include fungi, scavengers, rodents, and other animals

delineate

to trace the outline; to draw, to sketch, to depict or picture

desalinization

to remove salts and other chemicals from sea or saline salt water

dichotomous

divided or dividing into two parts or classifications

ecosystem

a community of living organisms and their interrelated physical and chemical environment

electronic communication

system for the transmission of information using electronic technology (digital cameras, cellular phones, Internet, television, fiber optics

embryology

the branch of biology dealing with the development of living things from fertilized egg to its developed state

endangered species

a species that is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range

engineering

the application of scientific, physical, mechanical and mathematical principals to design processes, products, and structures that improve the quality of life

enviroment

the total of the surroundings (air,water,soil,vegetation, people,wildlife) influencing each living being's existence, including physical, biological and all other factors; the surroundings of a plant or animals including other plants or animals, climate and location

enzyme

a protein that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without being changed by the reaction; an organic catalyst

equilibrium

the ability of an ecosystem to maintain stability among its biological resources (e.g., forest,fisheries,crops) so that there is a steady optimum yield

ergonomical

of or relating to the design of equipment or devices to fit the human body's control, position, movement, and environment

evolution

a process of change that explains why what we see today is different from what existed in the past; it includes changes in the galaxies, stars, solar system, earth and life on earth. Biological evolution is a change in hereditary characteristics of groups of arganisms over the course of generations

extinction

the complete elimination of a species from the earth

fact

information that has been objectively verified

geological hazard

a naturally occurring or man-made condition or phenomenon that presents a risk or is a potential danger to life and property (e.g.,landslides,floods, earthquakes, ground subsidence, coastal and beach erosion, faulting, dam leakage and failure, mining disasters, pollution, and waste disposal, sinkholes)

geological map

a representation of a region on which is recorded earth information (e.g.,the distribution, nature, and age relationships of rock units and the occurrences of structural features, mineral deposits and fossil localities

groundwater

water that infiltrates the soil and is locatead in underground reservoirs call aquifers

hazardous waste

a solid that, because of its quantity or concentration or its physical, chemical, or infectious characteristics, may cause or pose a substantial present or potential hazard to human health or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported, or disposed of, or otherwise managed

homeostasis

the tendency for a system to remain in a state of equilibrium by resisting change

hydrology

the scientific study of the properties, distribution and effects of water on the earth's surface, in the soil and underlying rocks and in the atmosphere

hypothesis

an assertion subject to verification or proof as a premise from which a conclusion is drawn

incinerating

burning to ashes; reducing to ashes

information technology

the technical means that humans create to store and transmit information

inquiry

a systematic process for using knowledge and skills to acquire and apply new knowledge

instructional technology

any mechanical aid (including computer technology) used to assist in or enhance the process of teaching and learning

integrated pest management

a variety of pest control methods that include repairs, traps, bait, poison, etc. to eliminate pests

law

summarizing statement of observed experimental facts that has been tested many times and is generally accepted as true

lentic

relating to or living in still water

lotic

relating to or living in actively moving water

manufacturing technology

the ways that humans produce goods and products

mitigation

the policy of constructing or creating man-made habitats, such as wetlands, to replace those lost to development

mitosis

the sequential differentiation and segregation of replicated chromosomes in a cell's nucleus that precedes complete cell division

model

a description, analogy or a representation of something that helps us understand it better (e.g.,a physical model, a conceptual model, a mathematical model)

niche (ecological)

the role palyed by anorganism in an ecosystem; its food preferences, requirements for shelter, special behaviors and the timing of its activities (e.g.,nocturnal,diurnal) interaction with other organisms and its habitat

nonpoint source pollution

contamination that originates from many locations that all discharge into a location (e.g.,a lake,stream,land area)

nonrenewable resources

substances (e.g.,oil,gas,coal,copper,gold) that, once used, cannnot be replaced in this geological age

nova

a variable star that suddenly increases in brightness to several times its normal magnitude and returns to its original appearance in a few weeks to several months or years

patterns

repeated processes that are exhibited in a wide variety of ways; identifiable recurrences of the element and/or the form

pest

a label applied to an organism when it is in competition with humans for some resource

physical technology

the ways that humans construct, manufacture and transport products

point source pollution

pollutants discharged from a single identifiable location (e.g., pipes,ditches,channels,sewers,tunnels,containers of various types)

radioactive isotope

an atom that gives off nuclear radiation and has the same number of protons (atomic number) as another atom but a different number of neutrons

recycling

collecting and reprocessing a resource or product to make into new products

regulation

a rule or order issued by an executive authority or regulatory agency of a government and having the force of law

renewable

a naturally occurring raw material or form of energy that will be replenished through natural ecological cycles or sound management practices (e.g.,the sun,wind,water,trees)

risk management

a strategy developed to reduce or control the chance of harm or loss to one's health or life; the process of identifying, evaluating, selecting and implementing actions to reduce risk to human health and to ecosystems

scale

relates concepts and ideas to one another by some measurement (e.g.,quantitative, numeral,abstract,ideological);provides a measure of size and /or incremental change

science

search for understanding the natural world using inquiry and experimentation

shredder

through chewing and/or grinding, microorganisms feed on non-woody coarse particulate matter,primarily leaves

stream order

energy and nutrient flow that increases as water moves toward the ocean (e.g.,the smallest stream (primary) that ends when rivers flow into oceans)

succession

the series of changes that occur in an ecosystem with the passing of time

sustainability

the ability to keep in existence or maintain. a sustainable ecosystem is one that can be maintained

system

a group of related objects that work together to achieve a desired result

closed loop system

a group of related objects that have feedback and can modify themselves

open loop system

a group of related objects that do not have feedback and cannot modify themselves

subsystem

a group of related objects that make up a larger system (e.g.,automobiles have electrical systems, fuel systems)

technological design process

recognizing the problem, proposing a solution, evaluating the solution and communicating the problem, design, and solution

technology education

the application of tools,materials, processes, and system to solve problems and extend human capabilities

theory of evolution

a theory that the various types of animals and plants have their origin in other preexisting types and that the distinguishable differences are due to modification in successive generation

theory

systematically organized knowledge applicable in a relatively wide variety of circumstances;especially, a system of assumptions, accepted principles and rules of procedure devised to analyze, predict or otherwise explain the nature or behavior of a specified set of phenomena

tool

any device used to extend human capability including computer-based tools

topographic map

a representation of a region on a sufficient scale to show detail, selected man-made and natural features of a portion of the land surface including its relief and certain physical and cultural features; the portrayal of the position, relation, size, shape, and elevation of the area

transportation systems

a group of related parts that function together to perform a major task in any form of transportation

transportation technology

the physical ways humans move materials, goods and people

trophic levels

the role of an organism in nutrient and energy flow within an ecosystem (e.g.,herbivore,carnivore,decomposer)

waste stream

the flow of (waste) materials from generation, collection and seperation to disposal

watershed

the land of area from which surface runoff drains into a stream, channel, lake, reservoir, or other body of water; also called a drainage basin

wetlands

lands where water saturation is the dominant factor determining the nature of the soil development and the plant and animal communities (e.g.,sloughs,estuaries, marshes)

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