2.3 Using Observation for Research

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cross-sectional

Although the ______ method of observation takes much less time than the longitudinal method, it can accomplish many of the same objectives.

naturalistic observation

The ______method enables researchers to study the behavior of people and animals in their everyday settings.

negative correlation

Stress and health are thought to have a/an ______, since as stress increases, health deteriorates.

longitudinal

The ______method, participant are observed over a long period of time.

testing

The ______ method of observation investigates human behavior through personality, aptitude and intelligence tests.

laboratories

A Skinner box and a maze are examples of ____________.

correlation

Scientists use ______ to analyze the data they gathered from their studies.

case studies

Sigmund Freud developed psychoanalytic theory largely on the basis of _______________.

positive correlation

The correlation between the need for achievement and salaries is a ________________.

cause and effect

Correlation describes relationships, but does not reveal__________.

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