Macromolecules

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20 terms

Monosaccharides

Macromolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms in the ratio of 1:2:1

Polysaccharides

Carbohydrates that are made by linking individual sugars together to form long chains

Starch

polysaccharide that stores glucose in plants

Glycogen

polysaccharide form in which animals store glucose on their bodies

Cellulose

polysaccharide that provides structural support for plants

Lipids

organic molecules that do not dissolve in water

Saturated Fats

lipids that contain the maximum number of carbon hydrogen bonds possible

Unsaturated Fats

lipid that has carbon carbon double bonds at various points

Steroid

many hormones are this type of lipid

Proteins

your hair & muscles are made of these macromolecules

Collagen

fibrous protein that forms at the matrix of your skin, ligaments, tendons, and bones

Enzymes

protein that increases the rate of the chemical reaction without being destroyed itself

Amino Acids

humans use 20 different kinds of these building blocks of proteins

Polypeptides

long chains of amino acids

Nucleic Acids

macromolecules made up of long chains of small repeating subunits called nucleotides

Nucleotides

five carbon sugar with a phosphate group attached to one side of the sugar ring and an organic base attached to the other side

DNA

the nucleic acid that stores hereditary information

RNA

ribonucleic acid

Glucose

energy molecule, whose energy can be used immediately by the cell without a series of chemical reactions

Hormones

lipids or proteins that effect a change in other cell activities

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