How did the major population centers keep in contact with each other?
There was no pattern of contacts
How did similarities occur?
What were the three kinds of contact?
local or long distance trade, local exchanges of products, and symbolic gifts, and direct trade (diplomatic relations and military activity)
The indian trade system involved?
perfumes and timber
Migration and invasion helped what?
spread new technologies and languages
Where was the wheel invented?
What early civilizations were more isolated?
ones in China and Americas
What was responsible for economic and social changes?
There were not many exchanges of what?
religious, scientific ideas, or political institutions
What were the major developments during the classical period?
China, India, the Mediterranean, Middle east, east Africa, and Mesoamerica
What countries developed from small states to large empires?
China and the Mediterranean
Classic civilizations had important contacts with nomadic groups from what area?
Where did Alexander the Great form a short lived empire?
from Mediterranean to Northwestern India
What is the combination of cultural elements?
What dynasty took over China?
Chinese mandated what that the Indians tried to copy but did not go well because they did not take it as a legitimate law?
Empires in the classical period were what?
more widespread and powerful
Nomadic people were often attracted to the civilizations as what?
immigrants, soldiers, or invaders
in China, what was the authority?
What was a sign of good manners to the elderly?
Elderly had a clear status in China, but who really ran the household?
In Mediterranean stories they made fun of what about elders?
Confucius was also known as what?
Confucius set what goal?
To become a chief advisor to a ruler who would restore peace
What were the analects?
a compilation of Confucius' wisdom
In china, important political figures needed what?
There was turmoil and violence when what dynasty fell?
Who was the founder of the Qui dynasty and was a tyrant?
Qin dynasty ended what?
Warring states (but it didn't last long)
What dynasty followed the Qin dynasty and lasted 400 years made by great leaders with a bureaucracy?
China was the first of great what?
Shang and Zhou dynasties stressed what?
harmony of nature
The Zhou dynasty decentralized politics but important innovations while other dynasties promoted what?
order and centralization
The place that has stayed most like its classical past?
Zhou was originally a vassal family of the Shangs, but overthrew them and became what?
the second dynasty of China
But the Zhou dynasty did not establish what?
a powerful government
Rulers gave territories to family members because they could not rule it all and hoped that what stayed in tact?
The middle kingdom goes from Huang He to yangzi and provides what?
rich agricultural land
They banned what?
What was built during the Qin dynasty to keep out invaders?
The Great Wall
When Shi appointed people he made sure to pick who?
non-aristocrat people, so they would owe their power to him and not rebel
The han dynasty brought what?
Peace. and everyone had enough to eat.