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affidavit

a written statement made under oath

affiliate

to join; to connect or associate

affinity

close relationship;
a mutual attraction between a man and a woman

affix

v.
to stick; attach;
to add sth. in writing
n.
prefix or suffix

afflict

to cause persistent pain or suffering

affluent

rich

affront

to confront defiantly; offend

agglomerate

to gather into a cluster, mass, or ball

aggrandize

to make greater or more powerful

aggrieve

to give pain or trouble to

agile

able to move quickly and easily

agitate

to argue publicly or campaign for/against sth.;
to cause anxiety

agnostic

adj.
of, relating to, or being an agnostic;
n.
the beliefs of agnostics

agog

in a state of eager anticipation or excitement

agony

very great mental or physical pain

agrarian

of land

agreeable

pleasing;
ready to agree

agronomy

science of controlling the soil to produce crops

ail

to have physical or emotional pain, discomfort, or trouble, esp. to suffer ill health

airborne

transported or carried by the air
e.g. airborne bacteria; airborne troops

alabaster

translucent, smooth and white

alacrity

cheerful readiness;
promptness in response

albeit

although

alchemy

medieval form of chemistry concerned with finding a way to turn ordinary metals into gold

alcove

a recessed section of a room

alias

an assumed name; pseudonym

align

to get or fall into line;
to join as an ally

alimentary

of or relating to nourishment or nutrition

alkali

a basic, ionic salt of an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal element

allay

to relieve; reduce the intensity

allege

to state without proof

allegiance

loyalty or devotion to a cause or a person

allegory

fable

allude

to refer in an indirect way
e.g. He made several allusions to my failure.

alluring

attractive; charming

aloft

in the air

aloof

cool and distant in manner

alternate

adj.
occurring or succeeding by terns
v.
to perform by turns or in succession
n.
one that substitutes for or alternates with another

altruism

unselfish regard for the welfare of others; selflessness

amalgam

a combination or mixture

amalgamate

to unite; combine;
to mix
e.g. Our school will amalgamate with another school.

amass

to collect to gather; accumulate

amateur

one who engages in sth. as a pastime rather than as a profession

ambidextrous

very skillful or versatile

ambiguous

not clear; uncertain; vague

ambivalent

having simultaneous and contradictory attitudes or feelings toward sb. or sth.
e.g. I have a very ambivalent attitude towards giving charity.

amble

v.
to saunter;
n.
a leisurely walk

ambush

n./v.
the act of lying in wait to attack by surprise; to waylay
a sudden attack made from a concealed position

ameliorate

to improve

amenable

willing; submissive

amenity

sth. that conduces to comfort, convenience, or enjoyment

amiable

good natured; affable; genial

amicable

friendly in feeling; showing good will

amity

friendly relationship between people or countries

amnesia

loss of memory due usu. to brain injury, illness, etc.

amnesty

the act of an authority by which pardon is granted to a large group of individuals

amorphous

without definite form; shapeless

amortize

to put money for gradual payment of a debt

amphibian

any of a class of animals that live in water and on land;
an amphibious vehicle

ample

enough; adequate

amplify

to make larger; extend
!!!to develop with details

amplitude

the quality of being ample

amulet

piece of jewelry worn as a charm against evil

anachronistic

an error in chronology

anaerobic

of, relating to, or being activity in which the body incurs an oxygen debt

anagram

word made by rearranging the letters of another word

analgesia

insensibility to pain without loss of consciousness

analgesic

n.
a drug that takes pain away;
adj.
relieving pain

analogy

partial resemblance;
the likening of one thing to another
adj. analogous

anarchy

absence of government;
political disorder

anathema

one that is cursed;
a formal ecclesiastical ban; curse

anatomical

of or relating to anatomy

ancestry

person comprising a line of descent

anecdote

a short and entertaining account
adj. anecdotal

anemia

a lack of red blood cells

anguish

great suffering; distress

angular

having angles;
thin and bony

anhydrous

free from water

animate

adj.
alive; having life;
v.
to give life to

animosity

a feeling of strong dislike or hatred

animus

animosity

annals

a record of events arranged in yearly sequence

annexation

act of combining

annihilate

to destroy completely; demolish

annotate

to provide critical or explanatory notes

annul

to invalidate;
to cancel; abolish

anorexia

an eating disorder or aversion to food

antagonize

to arouse hostility;
show opposition

antecedent

n.
a preceding event, condition, or cause;
a person's ancestors;
adj.
preceding in time and order

antediluvian

of the time before the Biblical Flood;
old fashioned, or primitive

antenna

a sensitive feeler;
a device that collects or receives

anterior

earlier;
previous

anthem

a religious choral song;
a song of praise

anthology

a collection of poems, stories or songs

antic

fantastic and queer

antidote

a remedy to counteract a poison

antihistamine

any of various compounds that counteract histamine in the body and that are used for treating allergic reactions and cold symptoms

anvil

a steel block

aorta

the main artery of the body

apex

the high point; peak; vertex

aphorism

maxim; adage

aplomb

complete and confident composure

apocalyptic

prophetic
apocalypse n.

apocrypha

writings or statements of dubious authenticity

apocryphal

of double authenticity

apogee

the point in the orbit of an object orbiting the earth that is at the greatest distance from the center of the earth
<->perigee

apoplectic

of, relating to, or causing stroke
apoplexy n.

apostasy

an abandoning of what one has believed in

apostate

a person guilty of apostasy; renegade

apostrophe

'

apothecary

one who prepares and sells drugs

appall

to fill with horror or dismay; shock

apparatus

set of instruments in scientific experiments

apparel

clothing; garments; attire

apparition

a strange figure appearing suddenly and thought to be a ghost;
an unusual or unexpected sight

appeal

to supplicate;
to be attractive or interesting;
to take a lower court's decision to a higher court for review

appease

to pacify or quiet

appellation

a name or title; designation

apposite

appropriate; apt; relevant

appraise

to assess the value or quality

appreciable

noticeable; perceptible

apprehend

to capture or arrest;
to anticipate with anxiety; dread
apprehension n. apprehensive adj.

apprentice

one who is learning by practical experience under skilled workers

apprise

to inform, or notify

approbation

commendation;
official approval

appropriate

v.
to set money aside for a specific use;
to take improperly
adj.

apron

a protective skirt worn over one's clothing

apropos

adj./adv.
seasonable;
with reference to; regarding
e.g. I thought her remarks were very apropos.

apt

appropriate

aptitude

general suitability;
a natural ability to do sth.

arabesque

藤蔓图饰

arable

suitable for plowing and planting

arbiter

arbitrator; a person fully qualified to judge or decide

arbitrary

discretionary; despotic; dictatorial

arbitrate

to decide as an arbitrator
arbitration n. arbitrator n.

arboreal

of or like a tree

arboretum

a place where trees, shrubs and herbaceous plants are cultivated for scientific and educational purposes

arcane

mysterious; hidden or secret

arch

n.
a typically curved structural member spanning an opening and serving as a support;
v.
to have the curved shape of such a structure

archetype

the original pattern; prototype
a perfect example

archipelago

a group or chain of many islands

archive

a place where public record or document are kept

ardent

intensely enthusiastic or devoted;
passionate

arena

a Roman amphitheater where gladiatorial contests took place

argot

slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people

aria

a melody in an opera, cantata, or oratorio for solo voice with instrumental accompaniment

arid

dry;
dull; uninteresting

aristocracy

the people of the highest social class esp. from noble families;
government in which power is held by the nobility

armada

a fleet of warships

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