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Gigantism

Proportional over growth of the body tissues due to the HYPERSECRETION of Growth Hormone before puberty.

Thyroiditis

Chronic inflammation of the thyroid gland leading to enlargement of the thyroid gland.

FBS

Fast Blood Sugar

Dwarfism

Generalized GROWTH RETARDATION of the body due to a deficiency of Growth Hormone.

Diabetes insipidus

Condition caused by a deficiency in the secretion of antidiaretic hormone (ADH) by posterior pituitary gland. - Results in large amounts of urine and sodium secreted by the body.

Adrenal Gland

Two glands perched on top of each kidney. - Cortex secretes ALDOSTERONE - Medulla secretes EPINEOHRINE

Testes

This produces Androgens, Testosterone, Androsterone

Thyroid Gland

This gland produces Triiodothyronine (T3), Thyroxine (T4),

Thymus Gland

This gland produces Thymosin, Thymopoietin

Pituitary Gland (ANTER)

This gland produces GH, TSH, FSH, MSH, adrenocorticotropic hormone

Pituitary gland (POST)

This gland produces Antidiurectic hormone, Oxytosin

Parathyroid gland

Thia gland produces Parathyroid hormone

Pineal Gland

This gland produces Melatonin

Pancreas

This produces Glucogen and Insulin

Adrenal (Medulla)

This gland produces Epinephrine and Nonepinephrine

Adrenal (Cortex)

This produces mineralocorticoids, aldosterones, glucocortoids, cortisol, hydrocortisone, gonadocorticoids.

Ovaries

This produces Estrogen and Proesterone

Neurohypophysis

The Posterior Pituitary gland

addison's disease

ADRENAL cortex FAILS to secrete adequete mineralcortitcoids and glucocorticoids.

conn's disease

Most inflential of the mineralcorticoids which cause the body to retain excess sodium and excrete extra potassium.

Pancreatic Cancer

a life threatening primary malignant neoplasm typically found in the head of the PANCREAS

Thyrotoxicosis

"Thyroid Storm" an acute, sometimes FATAL, incitdent of OVERACTIVITY of the THYROID gland. resulting in EXCESSIVE secretion of the THYROID hormone.

Pheochromocytoma

Vascular tumor of the ADRENAL MEDULLA that produces EXTRA epinephrine/nonepinephrine. (ADRENALINE)

Diabetes Mellitus

Disorder of the PANCREAS. beta cells of islets of langerhans FAIL TO PRODUCE adequate amount of INSULIN.

Goiter

Hyperplasia of Thyroid Gland as a result of DEFICIENCY amount of IODINE in the diet.

Adenohypophyusis

The ANTERIOR Pituitary GLAND

Cushing's Syndrome

Condition of the ADRENAL GLAND when there is a CLUSTER of syndromes. Occuring as a result of EXCESSIVE amounts of CORTISOL or ACTH circulating in the blood.

Diabetes Insipidus

Condition cause by a DEFICIENCY in the secretion of ADH by the POST PITUITARY gland. results in large amounts of urine and sodium secreted by the body.

Testes

Two Small glands located in the scrotum. Males reproductive gland. Secretes Testostorone.

Parathyroid Gland

Four small glands located on the DORSAL aspect of the thyroid gland.

Thymus Gland

Single gland located in the mediatrinum, near the middle of the chest.

Pituitary Gland

"Master Gland" located in the Pituitary fossa of sphenoid bone.

Pineal Gland

Tiny pine-cone shaped glands located on the dorsal aspect of the mid-brain region. Supports regulation of the bodies "Biological clock", eating patterns, sleep, and reporduction.

Ovaries

Female sex glands located near fimbricated ends of the fallopian tubes.

Pancreas

Glands located behind the STOMACH.

Thyroid Gland

Located in the front of the neck just below the larynx on either side of the trachea.

Proteins

Builds tissue and structures, energy when others are in short supply.

Fats

AKA "Lipids" Composted of cabon hydrogen and oxygen. EXSISTS as TRIGLUCERIDES in the body.

Absorption

The transfer of the nutrients from the gastrointestinal tract into the blood stream.

Nutrition

The study of the taking in the nutrients into the body and how the body uses them.

Other Nutrients

Vitamins, Minerals, WATER (most important), fiber are all:

Energy Nutrients

Carbs, lipids (fat), proteins are all:

Amino Acids

22 of these in PROTEINS. used by the body as enzymes hormones and as the basic structural unit in all the body tissue and cells.

Triglycerides

Has 3 fatty acids attached to a glycerol molecule.

Lipids

Fats

Tocopherol

Vitamin E., fat solubule

Fructose

Largely found in fruits

Lactose

disaccarides, found primarily in MILK or MILK PRODUCTS

Glucose

Simplest form of sugar, found in Fruits, major source of energy. body uses most effectively monosaccarides.

Sucrose

One of the sweetest of sugars. Table sugar disaccharide.

Virilism

development of make secondary sex charecteristics

Elimination

Excretion, removal of waste.

Carbohydrates

Sugars; Simple carbs and Complex Carbs.

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