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Based on the book, American History A Survey 13th Edition by Alan Brinkley. CURRENTLY ONLY THROUGH CHAPTER 8!

14,000 - 12,000 BCE

Asians begin migrating to North America across the Bering Strait

1347

Black Death begins in Europe

1480s

Portuguese explorers travel down west coast of Africa in search of sea route to Asia

1492

Columbus sails west from Spain in search of Asia, reaches Bahama Islands in the Caribbean

1494

Papal decree divided New World between Spain and Portugal

1497

John Cabot establishes first English claim in North America

1502

First African slaves arrive in Spanish America

1517

Martin Luther challenges Catholic Church, sparking Protestant Reformation in Europe

1518 - 1530

Smallpox epidemic ravages Indian societies of Central and South America

1519 - 1522

Magellan expedition circumnavigates globe

1521

Cortes captures Tenochtitlan and conquers Aztec Empire in Mexico

1532 - 1538

Pizarro conquers Incas in Peru

1558

Elizabeth I ascends English throne

1565

St. Augustine founded in Florida

1566

English conquest of Ireland begins

1587

"Lost Colony" established on Roanoke Island

1598

Don Juan de Ornate establishes Spanish colony in present day New Mexico

1603

James I succeeds Elizabeth I in England

1608

French establishes Quebec, their first permanent settlement in America

1609

Spanish colonists found Santa Fe

1624

Dutch establish permanent settlements in what is now New York

1680

Pueblos revolt and drive Spanish colonists from present-day New Mexico

1692

Spanish return to New Mexico

1696

Spanish crush last Pueblo revolt in New Mexico

1607

Jamestown founded

1608

Pilgrims flee to Holland from England

1612

Tobacco production established in Virginia

1619

First African workers arrive in Virginia
Virginia House of Burgesses meets for first time

1620

Pilgrims found Plymouth colony

1620s

English colonization accelerates in the Caribbean

1622

Powhatan Indians attack English colony in Virginia

1624

Dutch establish settlement on Manhattan Island

1629

New Hampshire and Maine established

1630

Puritans establish Massachusetts Bay colony at Boston

1634

First English settlements founded in Maryland

1635

Hartford settled in Connecticut

1636

Roger Williams founds settlement in Rhode Island

1637

Anna Hutchinson expelled from Massachusetts Bay colony
Pequot War fought

1638

Swedes and Finns establish New Sweden on the Delaware River

1642 - 1649

English Civil War

1644

Last major Powhatan uprising against English settlers in Virginia

1649

Charles I executed

1655

Civil war in Maryland temporarily unseats Catholic proprietor

1660

English Restoration: Charles II becomes king
First Navigation Act passed

1663

Carolina colony chartered
Second Navigation Act passed

1664

English capture New Netherland
New Jersey chartered

1673

Third Navigation Act passed

1675 - 1676

King Philip's War in New England

1676

Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia

1681

William Penn receives charter for Pennsylvania

1685

James II becomes king

1686

Dominion of New England established

1688

Glorious Revolution in England: William and Mary ascend throne

1689

Glorious Revolution in America: rebellion breaks out against Andros in New England
Leisler leads rebellion in New York

1732

Georgia chartered

1636

Harvard College founded in Massachusetts

1640

Instability in tobacco markets begins

1647

Massachusetts law requires a public school in every town

1650

Population of New England begins to grow by natural increase

1662

halfway Covenant established in New England

1670s

Flow of indentured servants declines
Slave traders begin importing slaves directly from Africa to North America

1685

Edict of Nanets revoked in France; Huguenots begin migrating to North America

1690s

Rice production becomes central to South Carolina economy
Slave trade expands as prices decline

1691

Official toleration of Catholics ends in Maryland

1692

Witchcraft trials begin in Salem

1693

College of William and Mary founded in Virginia

1697

Royal African Company monopoly of slave trade broken; slave importations begin to increase

1701

Yale College founded in Connecticut

1708 - 1709

First major migration of Palatinate Germans to North America begins

1710

Major Scotch-Irish migrations to North America begin
German-Swiss establish settlements in North Carolina

1720

Cotton Mather initiates smallpox inoculations in Massachusetts

1734

Great Awakening begins in Massachusetts
Peter Zenger tried in New York

1739

George Whitefield arrives in North America
Great Awakening intensifies
Stono slave rebellion in South Carolina

1740s

Indigo production begins in South Carolina

1746

College of New Jersey founded at Princeton

1754

Kings College(later Columbia University) founded in New York

1755

Academy and College of Philadelphia(later University of Pennsylvania) founded

1764

Major ironworks established in New Jersey

1713

Treaty of Utrecht concludes Queen Anne's War

1718

New Orleans founded to serve French plantation economy in Louisiana

1744 - 1748

King George's War

1749

French construct fortress in Ohio Valley

1754

Albany Plan for intercolonial cooperation rejected
Battle of Fort Duquesne begins French and Indian War

1756

Seven Years' War begins in Europe

1757

British policies provoke riots in New York

1758

Pitt returns authority to colonial assemblies
British capture Louisbourg fortress and Fort Dequesne

1759

British forces under Wolfe capture Quebec

1760

George III becomes King
French army surrenders to Amherst at Montreal

1763

Peace of Paris ends Seven Years' (and French and Indian) War
Grenville becomes prime minister
Proclamation of 1763 restricts western settlement
Paxton uprising in Pennsylvania

1764

Sugar Act passed
Currency Act passed

1765

Stamp Act crisis
Mutiny Act passed

1766

Stamp Act repealed
Declaratory Act passed

1767

Townshend duties imposed

1768

Boston, New York, and Philadelphia merchants make nonimportation agreement

1770

Boston Massacre
Most Townshend duties repealed

1771

Regulator movement quelled in North Carolina

1772

Committees of correspondence established in Boston
Gaspee incident in Rhode Island

1773

Tea Act passed
Bostonians stage tea party

1774

Intolerable Acts passed
First Continental Congress meets at Philadelphia
North Carolina women sign Edenton Proclamation calling for boycott of British goods

1775

Clashes at Lexington and Concord begin American Revolution

1774

Shawnee defeated by Virginia militia in Lord Dunmore's War

1775

Second Continental Congress meets
George Washington appointed to command American forces
Battle of Bunker Hill
Montgomery assault on Quebec fails

1776

Thomas Paine's Common Sense published
British troops leave Boston
Declaration of Independence debated and signed
Hoew routs Americans on Long Island
Battle of Trenton
First state constitutions written

1777

Articles of Confederation adopted
Battles of Princeton, Bandywine, and Germantown
Howe occupies Philadelphia
Washington camps at valley Forge for winter
Burgoyne surrenders to Gates at Saratoga

1778

French-American alliance established
Clinton replaces Howe
British leave Philadelphia
War shifts to the South
British capture Savannah

1780

British capture Charleston
Cornwallis defeats Gates at Camden, South Carolina
Patriots defeats Tories at King's Mountain, South Carolina
Massachusetts state constitution ratified
Slavery abolished in Pennsylvania

1781

Battles of Cowpens and Guilford Court House
Cornwallis surrenders at Yorktown
Articles of Confederation ratified
Continental impost proposed

1781 - 1784

States cede western lands to Confederation

1782

American militiamen massacre Delaware Indians in Ohio

1783

Treaty of Paris with Great Britain recognizes American independence
Slavery abolished in Massachusetts

1784

Postwar depression begins, aggravating currency problems

1784 - 1785

First ordinance establishing procedures for settling western lands enacted

1786

Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom passed

1786 - 1787

Shay's Rebellion in Massachusetts

1787

Northwest Ordinance enacted

1789

John Carroll named first bishop of Catholic Church of the United States

1792

Mary Wollstonecraft's Vindication of the Rights of Women published in the United States

1794

Anthony Wayne defeats Indians in Ohio

1783

Confederation Congress leaves Philadelphia

1785

Confederation Congress settles in New York

1786

Annapolis Conference meets

1787

Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia meets
Constitution adopted (September 17)

1787 - 1788

States ratify Constitution

1789

First elections held under Constitution
New government assembles in New York
Washington becomes first president
Bill of Rights adopted by Congress
Judiciary Act of 1789 is passed
French Revolution begins

1791

Hamilton issues "Reports on Manufactures"
First Bank of the United States chartered
Vermont becomes fourteenth states

1792

Washington reelected without opposition
Kentucky becomes fifteenth state

1793

Citizen Genet affair challenges American neutrality

1794

Whiskey Rebellion quelled in Pennsylvania
Jay's Treaty signed

1795

Pinckney's Treaty signed

1796

John Adams elected president
Tennessee becomes sixteenth state

1768

XYZ Affair precipitates state of quasi war with France
Alien and Sedition Acts passed
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions passed

1800

Jefferson and Burr tie vote in electoral college

1801

Jefferson becomes president after Congress confirms election
Judiciary Act of 1801 passed

1769

James Watt patents steam engine

1778

Phillips Academy founded in Andover, Massachusetts

1779

Universalist Church founded

1781

Phillips Exeter Academy founded in New Hampshire

1782

Unitarian Church founded in Boston

1784

Judith Sargent Murray publishes essay on rights of women
Methodist Church formally established

1789

Massachusetts public schools admit females

1790

Samuel Slater builds textile mill, first modern factory in America, in Pawtucket, Rhode Island

1792

Toll road constructed from Philadelphia to Lancaster

1793

Eli Whitney invents Cotton Gin

1794 - 1796

Thomas Paine's "The Age of Reason" published

1800

United States capital moves to Washington DC
Gabriel Prosser's plans for slave rebellion foiled

1801

Second Great Awakening begins
John Marshall appointed cheif justice

1801 - 1805

Conflict with Tripoli

1802

Jefferson abolishes all internal federal taxes
United States Military Academy founded at West Point

1803

Napoleonic Wars escalate in Europe
Louisiana Territory purchased from French
Supreme Court establishes power of Judicial Review in Marbury vs. Madison

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