APUSH CH11 Terms
|Revolution of 1800||electoral victory of Democratic-Republicans over Federalists who lost Congressional majority + presidency; peaceful transfer of power solidified faith in American political system|
|Patronage||political parties grant jobs + favors to party regulars who delivered votes on election day|
|Judiciary Act of 1801||last act passed by Federalist Congress; created 16 new federal judgeships; ensured Federalist grip on Judiciary Branch|
|"midnight judges"||federal justices appointed by John Adams during his last day of Presidency; positions revoked when Judiciary Act was repealed|
|John Marshall||Chief Justice; only 6 weeks formal schooling; shaped American legal tradition; Federalist|
|William Marbury||midnight judge; appealed to Marshall to sue for the right to be a justice; suit dismissed|
|Marbury vs. Madison||Supreme Court case that established Judicial Review|
|Judicial Review||Supreme court has the final authority to determine constitutionality of a law/act|
|Tripolitan Wars||Pirates of North African Barbary States demanding blackmail money for safe passage of American ships thought the Mediterranean; pasha of Tripoli informally declares war on US for dissatisfaction with money given, 1801|
|ceded Louisiana to France by Spain||secret pact signed in 1800 did this...|
|Louisiana Purchase||1803, Jefferson sends Monroe to Paris: meet with minister Robert R. Livingston.|
Order to try to buy New Orleans + the land east of it for no more than $10mill.
Napoleon suddenly cedes all of Louisiana; no alliance needed.
paved way for diplomatic success in the future.
Now coined "Valley of Democracy"
|Corps of Discovery||1804, Lewis and Clark expedition though Louisiana territory; chartered to find water route to Pacific Ocean|
|Aaron Burr|| Vice President to Jefferson; provoked + justified fears of possible secession due to foreign intrigue; joined group of federalist extremists plotting the secession of New England and New York.|
killed Hamilton in a duel
|General James Wilkinson||allegiance w/ Aaron Burr; plot to separate Western US from Eastern|
|Orders in Council|| 1806; edicts issued by British crown closing French-owned European ports to foreign shipping.|
French response=seizure order of all ships entering British ports.
American trade cut off both ways
|Embargo Act||enacted by Jefferson, 1807; forbade exporting goods from America; hoped to resolve conflict between France and Britain by cutting off their supplies; instead, crippled American economy + revived Federalist party|
|Non-Intercourse Act||1809; reopened trade with all nations (except Britain and France)|
|James Madison sworn in to office||March 4, 1809|
|Macon's Bill No. 2|| aimed at reopening British and French trade; if either Britain or France repealed its trade restrictions, US would re-instate embargo for the nonrepealer.|
France lifted restriction.
US embargoes British commerce
|war hawks||Democratic-Republican congressmen pressing Madison to declare war on Britain; also aimed to wipe out Indian neighbors|
|Tecumseh and Tenskwatawa||formed far-flung Confederacy with all tribes east of Mississippi River to battle war hawks; inspired cultural renewal; no ceding of land unless all Indians approved|
|Battle of Tippecanoe||1811; William Henry Harrison and Indiana Army defeat Shawnee Prophet; Tecumseh, after, formed alliance with British against US|
|Felix Grundy||of Tennessee; called for final attack on Indians' Canadian base after Battle of Tippecanoe|
|Madison declares war on Indian tribes||June 1, 1812|