Levels of Organization from least to most complex
Relationship of liver to heart
Relationship of heart to spine
Anterior or Ventral
Divides the body into equal left and right halves.
What region is superior/lateral to the umbilical region
R/L hypochondriac regions
Body system that carries in O2 and releases CO2 from cells. Protects and maintains pH balance of body.
The abdominal pelvic region that is superior to the right lumbar region
R hypochondriac region
Relationship of ears to tip of nose
Lateral / posterior
Storage of energy
Glycerol is the backbone molecule of
The sugar found in RNA is
In what nutrient do we find peptide bonds
Brachial refers to
How is a sonogram produced
High frequency sound waves transmitted to a video monitor
The body is composed of:
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, & Nitrogen
Different atoms of an element that have the same # of P and different # of N
Mass # of an atom
# P + # N
Nitrogenous base that replaces thymine in RNA
Adenine + thiamine
Cytosine + guanine
= # of P
If you have an oxygen atom with 8 protons, 8 electrons, 8 neutrons; What is the atomic #?
# of P = 8
An atom of O2; 8+, 8-, 8 would be arranged:
2 E on first shell, 6 on outer shell
Microvilli & goblet cells are modifications of ______
Simple columnar epithelial
End result of mitosis
End result of meiosis
Cells have 23 chromosomes
Sperm cells, oocytes
Covalent bond atoms are bonded by
Sharing of electrons
Organelle responsible for producing ATP
During translation, the code carried by RNA is decoded into:
The cell does not need to expend energy ATP in performing 2 things:
Denaturing of protein causes
The lose of biological function
The waterproof stratified squamous epithelium is made resistant by
Goblet cells produce:
Fibroblasts are the typical cell of:
Microvilli will be on epitheilial tissue when the function is
Epithelial tissue only covers and lines body cavities
Cilia are found:
Function of microvilli
Increases surface area for diffusion
Most abundant tissue in body
CT layer of a mucous membrane
Which layer of the epidermis can you find reproducing cells?
The basic tissue type who's function is particular to the form of its matrix
The outer most layer of the epidermis is the ______.
The CT that prevents heat loss through the skin
What makes the matrix of the osseous tissue hard?
End spaces in a bone where osteocytes are found
Membranes that have parietal and visceral portions are called _____.
Name the least common but most deadly of skin cancers
When we say something has gone through the process of fibrosis
Function of melanin
Protection from UV light
Hair and nails are a modification of ____.
The eponychium is the _________?
Cuticle of the nail
Ceruminous glands are located in the skin of the _____.
External auditory meatus - ear canal
Function of the langer hans cells in the skin
Provides immunity - participates in immune response
Function of the gallbladder
Stores and releases bile
The common bile duct is formed by the union of the _____ & _____.
Common hepatic and cystic ducts
Folds in hollow organs
Most proximal portion of the small intestine
the liver is separated from the stomach and the duodenum by the
Parietal cells of the gastric mucosa secrete
Hydrochloric acid / intrinsic factor
Junction of the stomach and the duodenum
Saliva is produced by
The large intestine mainly absorbs:
Vessels in the correct order of blood flow:
Most of the nutrients we eat are absorbed in the
Taenia coli pouches of the large intestine that allow expansion and elongation
Incisor teeth are specialized to
Contractions of the muscularis that result in waves of movement of food through the GI tract
Function of bile
Emulsifies fats and liquids
Where do we find glomeruli
Correct order of fluid flow through the nephron regions:
Glomerular capsule, PCT, Loop of Henle, DCT
Glomerular filtrate contains everything in blood except:
Cells and protiens
Renal pyramids are part of the
Podocytes are cells specialized for filtration that are found _____.
What are the intestines to the heart?
The basic structurak and functional unit of an organism is the ______.
The anatomical term that means away from the head towards the lower part of the structure is ______.
The level of structural organization that consists of several related organs that have a common function is the ______.
______ are structures that are composed of two or more different tissues, have specific functions, and usually have recognizable shapes.
What is the term referring to on the same side of the body?
Groups of cells and the substance surrounding them and they arise from common ancestor cells and work together to form a function comprise a _____.
What is the condition called when the bodies internal environment remains within certain physiological limits?
The bodies most abundant protein is collagen
True - 25 %
The mediastinum is located between the lungs and includes all the contents of the thoracic cavity except the lungs
Osmosis is the movement of water through a selectively permeable membrane from a level of higher to lower concentration
Cardiac muscle tissue is found only in the wall of the heart
Antidiuretic hormone causes the collecting ducts to become less permeable to water
Transcription is the process by which the genetic info found in DNA is copied onto mRNA
Blood enters the glomerulus through the afferent arteriole
Binding, supporting, protecting
Supports movement and heat
Supports and nourishes the neurons