government fourth grade

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fourth grade social studies government unit. Vocab

immigrant

to come to another country to live there

population

total number of people who live in one place

rural

country-side, farm areas

urban

city living

suburbs

towns and small cities near a large city

patriotism

love of country

symbols of patriotism

liberty bell, bald eagle, and statue of liberty

government

system of leaders and laws for a community, state or nation

democracy

people elect leaders to govern them

legislative branch

makes the laws

executive branch

carries out the laws

judicial branch

makes sure the laws are carried out fairly

checks and balances

makes sure the branches limit the power of the other branches

majority rule

most votes wins

factors of production

natural, captial and human resources

profit

money left over after the bills are paid

supply

amount of product or services that is available or already made

demand

amount of product or services that people want and will pay for

manufacturing

making of products

service industry

people are paid to do things for other people

economy

the producing, selling & buying that people do

free market

an economy that isn't controlled by the government

Congress

the Senate and the House of Representatives

Senate

where each state has an equal number (2) of representives

House of Representatives

number of representatives that depends on the population of the state

President

leader of the executive branch, leader of the military, elected every four years

Supreme Court

nation's highest court, justices serve for life

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