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Lit divices

Antagonist

A character or force in conflict with the main character.

Breaking the fourth wall

The space separating the audience from the action of a theatrical performance, traditionally conceived of as an imaginary wall completing the enclosure of the stage.

Bildungsroman

A technique which an author uses to address the audience or reader.

Cause

A type of novel concerned with the education, development, and maturing of a young protagonist.

Climax

The highest point of anything conceived of as growing or developing or unfolding.

Conflict

Opposition in a work of drama or fiction between characters or forces (especially an opposition that motivates the development of the plot).

Man vs. Self

A character with an internal conflict.

Man vs. Man

Two characters in conflict.

Man vs. Nature

A dramatic struggle between a character and something that is caused by nature

Man vs. Society

A character has a conflict or problem with some element of society - the school, the law, etc.

Effect

A result of the cause.

Falling Action

The events after the climax which close the story.

Flashback

A scene or event from the past that appears in a narrative out of chronological order, to fill in information or explain something in the present.

Foil Character

A character who is used as a contrast to another character; the contrast emphasizes the differences between the two characters, bringing out the distinctive qualities in each.

Foreshadowing

The use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot.

Genre

A kind of literary or artistic work.

Imagery

The ability to form mental images of things or events, language that appeals to the senses.

Irony

Incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs.

Metaphor

A figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity.

Mood

The feeling created in the reader by a literary work or passage.

Personification

The act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas etc.

Plot

A secret scheme to do something (especially something underhand or illegal).

Point Of View

The spatial property of the position from which something is observed.

First person

Pronouns and verbs used to refer to the speaker or writer of the language in which they occur; the narrator is a character in the story.

Third person

Pronouns and verbs that are used to refer to something other than the speaker or addressee of the language in which they occur;, Point of view in which the narrator is outside of the story - an observer

Third person omniscient

Writer is not in the story but knows and decribes all the character's thoughts and ideas.

Third person limited omniscient

This type of point of view presents the feelings and thoughts of only one character, presenting only the actions of all remaining characters

Third person objective

The narrator is an outsider who can report only what he or she sees and hears. This narrator can tell us what is happening, but he can't tell us the thoughts of the characters.

Protagonist

The principal character in a work of fiction; Main character.

Purpose

The reason being; One's intention or objective in a speech or piece of writing.

Resolution

Finding a solution to a problem.

Rising action

Events leading up to the climax.

Setting

Where the story takes place.

Simile

A figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as').

Static Character

A character that does not change from the beginning of the story to the end.

Style

A way of expressing something (in language or art or music etc.) that is characteristic of a particular person or group of people or period.

Subplot

A minor plot that relates in some way to the main story.

Symbolism

The practice of investing things with symbolic meaning.

Theme

An idea that occurs various times in a piece of literary work.

Tone

The quality of something (an act or a piece of writing) that reveals the attitudes and presuppositions of the author.

Voice

The fluency, rhythm and liveliness in writing that makes it unique to the writer.

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