Radiographic Anatomy and Pt. Positioning of the Abdomen (Bontrager Ch 4)

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Radiographic Anatomy and Pt. Positioning of the Abdomen - Chapter Four (Seventh Edition, Radiographic Positioning and Related Anatomy, Bontrager)

What does KUB stand for?

KUB - Kidneys, Ureters, and Bladder (pg. 104)

What are the most important abdominal muscles in abdominal radiography?

The Diaphragm and the right and left Psoas major (pg. 104)

What technique is used for a KUB (AP Abdomen Supine)?

80kV @22mAs (pg. 115)

The iliac crest is found at the level of ______.

L4-L5 (pg. 111)

What are the three accessory organs of the digestive system?

Liver, Gallbladder, and the Pancreas (pg. 104)

True or False? The portion of the large intestine below the ileocecal valve is a saclike area called the cecum.

True (pg. 105)

In what quadrant is the liver found?

Right Upper Quadrant (pg. 106)

The ____________ is located posterior to the stomach.

Pancreas (pg. 104)

The spleen is part of the ____________ system that along with the heart and blood vessels is part of the __________ system.

Lymphatic, Circulatory (pg. 106)

Where would the centering point be for a PA Prone Abdomen?

At the iliac crest (pg. 116)

True or False? The ascending colon of the large intestine joins the transverse colon at the left colic flexure.

False, at the right colic flexure (pg. 105)

Name the six organs of the digestive system.

Oral cavity, Pharynx, Esophagus, Stomach, Small intestine, and Large intestine (pg. 104)

True or False? The oral cavity and the pharynx are common to both the respiratory system and the digestive system.

True (pg. 104)

Where would the centering point be on an AP Upright Abdomen?

2in. above the iliac crest (pg. 118)

What part of the Small Intestine is between the Duodenum and the Ileum?

The Jejunum (pg. 105)

Name the three digestive organs within the abdominal cavity.

`The Stomach, Small intestine and Large intestine (pg. 105)

What is attached to the posteromedial aspect of the cecum?

The Appendix (pg. 105)

In what quadrant of the Abdomen is the Spleen located?

The Left Upper Quadrant (LUQ) (pg. 110)

What are the three parts of the small intestine?

The Duodenum, Jejunum and the Ileum (pg. 105)

The descending colon continues into the __________ colon.

Sigmoid Colon (pg. 105)

What is the SID used for a Lateral Decubitus Abdomen?

40in. (pg. 117)

The Spleen is found in which quadrant?

The left upper quadrant (pg. 106)

What portion of the Small Intestine is the shortest but widest in diameter of the three segments?

The Duodenum (pg. 105)

What technique should be used for a Lateral Decubitus Abdomen?

80kV @ 30mAs (pg. 117)

The primary functions of the ___________ are to store and concentrate bile and to contract and release the bile when stimulated by an appropriate hormone.

Gallbladder (pg. 106)

ASIS stands for what?

Anterior Superior Iliac Spine (pg. 111)

At what level is the inferior costal rib margin found?

L2-L3 (pg. 111)

The kidney drains through a _________ into the urinary bladder.

Ureter (pg. 107)

What is the distal three-fifths of the Small Intestine called?

The ileum (pg. 105)

What is the name of the junction of the small intestine and the large intestine?

The ileocecal valve (pg. 105)

The pancreas is part of the _________ secretion system and also the _________ secretion system.

Endocrine (internal secretion), Exocrine (external secretion) (pg. 106)

What is the technique for a AP Upright Abdomen?

80kV @ 30mAs (pg. 118)

True or False? One of the many different functions of the liver is the production of bile, which assists in the digestion of fats.

True (pg. 106)

Waste materials and excess water are eliminated from the blood by the __________.

Kidneys (pg. 107)

The two-layered peritoneum that adheres to the cavity wall is called __________ __________.

Parietal Peritoneum (pg. 108)

The portion of peritoneum that covers the organs is called _________ ___________.

Visceral peritoneum (pg. 108)

The space/cavity between the parietal and the visceral peritoneum is called the __________ ________.

Peritoneal Cavity (pg. 108)

An abnormal accumulation of the lubricating fluid usually found in the abdominal cavity is a condition called ___________.

Ascites (pg. 108)

The double fold of peritoneum that extends anteriorly from the posterior abdominal wall to completely envelop a look of the small bowel is called what?

Mesentery (pg. 108)

A type of double-fold peritoneum that extends from the stomach to another organ is called ___________.

Omentum (pg. 108)

The _________ _________ extends superiorly from the lesser curvature of the stumach to portions of the liver.

Lesser Omentum (pg. 108)

Xiphoid Process is found at the level of ________.

T9-T10 (pg. 111)

The _________ _________ connects the transverse colon to the greater curvature of the stomach inferiorly.

Greater Omentum (pg. 108)

The peritoneum that attaches the colon to the posterior abdominal wall is the _________.

Mesocolon (pg. 109)

What is the technique for a PA Prone Abdomen?

80kV @ 22mAs (pg. 116)

Name the four forms of mesocolon.

Ascending, Transverse, Descending and Sigmoid, according to the portion of the colon they are attached to. (pg. 109)

The major portion of the peritoneal cavity is called the ________ sac and is commonly referred to as simply the peritoneal cavity.

Greater Sac (pg. 109)

A smaller portion of the upper posterior peritoneal cavity located posterior to the somach is called the ________ sac.

Lesser Sac (pg. 109)

What is another name for the Lesser sac of the peritoneal cavity?

The Omentum Bursa (pg. 109)

Name the eight retroperitoneal organs.

Kidneys, Ureters, Adrenal glands, Pancrease, Duodenum, Ascending and Descending colon, Upper rectom and Major abdominal blood vessels. (pg. 109)

True or False? Retroperitoneal structures are less mobile than intraperitoneal.

True (pg. 109)

What is the technique used for a Lateral Decubitus Abdomen?

80kV @ 30mAs (pg. 117)

True or False? The Transtubercular Plane is more superior than the Transpyloric Plane.

False, the Transpyloric Plane is more superior than the Transtuberular. (pg. 110)

_____________ organs are located under/beneath the peritoneum.

Infraperitoneal Organs (pg. 109)

Organs within the abdominal cavity that are partially or completely covered by some type of visceral peritoneum but are not retroperitoneal or infraperitoneal may be called ___________.

Intraperitoneal (pg. 109)

Name the nine intraperitoneal organs.

Liver, gallbladder, spleen, stomach, jejunum, ileum, cecum, transverse colon, and sigmoid colon. (pg. 109)

________ is an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity of the abdomen.

Ascites (pg. 113)

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