social differences between men and women, rather than the anatomical, biological differences between the sexes. Notions of gender differences - that is, what is considered "feminine" or "masculine" - vary greatly over time and space.
defined by Gillian Rose as "how we make sense of ourselves;" how people see themselves at different scales.
constructing an identity by first defining the "other" and then by defining ourselves as "not the other"
categorization of humans based on skin color and other physical characteristics; based on the idea that some characteristics are more important than others (e.g., skin color over height). Skin pigmentation is caused by melanin, a chemical in the skin.
frequently referred to as a system or attitude toward visible differences in individuals, racism is an ideology of difference that ascribes (predominantly negative) significance and meaning to cultural, social, and politically constructed ideas based on phenotypical features.
Defined by Douglas Massey and Nancy Denton as "the degree to which two or more groups live separately from one another, in different parts of the urban environment."
invasion and succession
a process in which new immigrants to a city often move to areas occupied by older immigrant groups, often "invading" the neighborhood
sense of place
state of mind derived through the infusion of a place with meaning and emotion by remembering important events that occurred in that place or by labeling a place with a certain character.
affiliation or identity within a group of people bound by common ancestry and culture
defined by Doreen Massey and Pat Jess as "social relations stretched out."
The fourth theme of Geography as defined by the GENIP; uniqueness of a location.
In terms of a place, whether the place is designed for or claimed by men or women
Theory defined by geographers Glen Elder and Lawrence Knopp, and Heidi Nast that highlights the contextual nature of opposition to the heteronormative and focuses on the poitical engagement of "queers" with the heteronormative
In the context of arranged marriages in India, disputes over the price to be paid by the family of the bride to the father of the groom have, in some extreme cases, led to the death of a bride.
Defined by geographer James Curtis as the dramatic increase in Hispanic population in a given neighborhood