First exam Vocab

44 terms by pdeluca93 

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Developmental Science

researchers who study the lifespan

Gerontology

Scientific study of the adult part of life

Normative Transitions

Predictable life changes that occur during development

Non-normative Transitions

Unpredictable life changes that occur during development

Cohort

Age group with whom we travel through life

Socioeconomic Status (SES)

A basic marker referring to status on educational and specially income world

Developed World

The most affluent countries in the world

Developing World

The more improvised countries of the world

Collectivist Cultures

Societies that prize social harmony, obedience, and close family connectedness over individual achievement

Individualistic

Societies that prize independence, competition, and personal success

Nature

Biological or genetic causes of development

Nurture

Environmental causes of development

Traditional behaviorism

The original behavioral world view that focused on charting and modifying only "objective", visible behaviors

Operant Conditioning

The law of learning that determines any voluntary response

Reinforcement

Behavioral term for reward

Cognitive Behaviorism

People learn by watching/ our thoughts reinforce our behavior

Attachment Theory

Theory made by John Bowlby; our surrival connected with a child giver during early childhood

Bidirectionally

The crucial principle that people affect one another, or that interpersonal flow in both directions

Piagets Cognitive Developmental Theory

Principle that form infancy to adolescence, children progress though four qualitatively different stages of intellectual growth

Assimilation

(first step in Piagets Theory) fitting environmental input to our existing mental capacities

Correlational Study

research strategy that involves relating two or more variable

True Experiments

The only research strategy that can determine that something causes something else; randomly assigning people to different treatments and looking at outcome.

Cross-sectional study

A developmental research strategy that involves testing different age groups at the same time

Longitudinal Study

Research strategy that involves testing an age group repeatedly over many years

Quantitive Research

Standard developmental science data-collection strategy that involves testing groups of people and using numerical scales and statistics

Qualitative Research

Occasional developmental science data-collection strategy that involves

Uterus

The Pear-shaped muscular organ in a woman's abdomen that houses the developing baby

Cervix

The neck, or narrow lower portion, of the uterus

Fallopian Tube

One pair of slim, pipe-like structure that connect the ovaries with the uterus

Ovary

One pair of almond shared organs that contain a woman's ova, or eggs

Ovum

An egg cell containing the genetic material contributed by the mother of the baby

Fertilization

The union of sperm and egg

Ovulation

The moment during a woman's monthly cycle when an ovum is expelled from the ovary

Testes

Male organs tat manufacture sperm

Chromosome

DNA strand located in nucleus of every cell that carries the genes

DNA

Material that makes up genes

Gene

A blueprint for manufacturing a particular protein

Germinal Stage

First 14 days of prenatal development

Zygote

fertilized ovum

Blastocyst

hollow sphere of cells formed during germinal stage in preparation for implantation

Implantation

A blastocyst becomes embedded in the uterine wall

Placenta

The structure projecting from the wall of the uterus during pregnancy thorough which the developing baby absorbs nutrients

Apgar Scale

Test after baby is born to check babys condition

Neonata Intensive Care Unit (NICU)

Special hospital that treats at-risk new borns

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