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prognosis

the predicted course and outcome of a disease

diagnosis

the determination of the nature of disease based on many factors, including signs, symptoms, and often, laboratory results.

pathology

the branch of medicine that studies the characteristics, causes and effects of disease

Ideiopathis

term used to describe a disease for which the cause is not known

symptoms

and indication of disease perceived by the patient, such as pain, dizziness, and itching

disequilibrium

in a state of unbalance in life

etiology

the cause of a disease

syndome

combination of symptoms

chronic

a disease that may begin insidiously and be long-lived

relapse

occurs when a disease returns weeks or months after its apparent cessation

complication

disease that develop in a patient already suffering from a disease

anatomy

study of the normal structure of the body

pallor

whitening of the skin

genetic

pertaining to genes or any of their efects. A gene is the smallest physical piece of heredity. it determines what features we will pass on to our children as well as which ones we have gained fom our biological parents

signs

the objective evidence of disease observed on physical examination, such as abnormal pulse or fever

sequela

the aftermath of a particular disease, such as permanent damage to the heart after rheumatic fever

remission

the period of a chronic disease when signs and symptoms subside

exacerbation

the period a chronic disease when signs and sympoms recur in all their severity

homeostasis

the maintenance of a steady state within the body

equilibrium

in blaance...in a state of constant homeostasis

morbidity

the number who become sick or disabled from a disease per 100,000

acute

a disease is that has a sudden onset and a short duration

congenital

diseases that appear at birth of shortly after but are not caused by genetic or chromosomal abnormalities

physiology

study of the normal function of the body

mutation

change in the DNA structure that may be inherited and cause disease

terminal

diseases that end with death

Plague is also known as

"The Black Death"

mortality

a measre of the # of deaths in relation to a disease in a specific poulation over a given period of time

#1 leading cause of death

Heart Disease= 654,092

#2 leading cause of death

cancer= 550,270

#3 leading cause of death

stroke=150,147

#4 leading cause of death

chronic lower respiratory disease=123,884

#5 leading cause of death

accidents=108,694

#6 leading cause of death

diabetes=72,815

#7 leading cause of death

pneumonia/influenza=65,829

#8 leading cause of death

alzheimer's disease=61,472

#9 leading cause of death

nephritis, nephritic syndrome, and nephrosis=42,762

#10 leading cause of death

septicemia=33,464

#1 major cause of disease

Inflammation/autoimmunity/allergy: asthma, systemic lupus erythematosus

#2 major cause of disease

infection: tuberculosis, influenza

#3 major cause of disease

neoplasm: lung cancer, malignant melanoma

#4 major cause of disease

heredity: sickle cell anemia, cystic fibrosis

#5 major cause of disease

malnutrition: pernicious anemia, iron-deficiency anemia

#6 major cause of disease

stress: hypertension, heart disease

lesion

could be a damaged gene or enzyme, or abnormal cells, tissues, or organs

cytology

study of cell and their function

histology

study of tissue

Epithelial Tissue

Found throughout the body as lining for internal organs and covering for the skin.
Ex: mucous membrane

two areas that disease manifest itself?

signs, and symptoms

Connective Tissue

Supports and protects
Ex: Adipose, bone, and cartilage

Nervous Tissue

Allows for conduction of electrical impulses to and from the brain and the rest of the body

Organs of the Integumentary System

Skin, Hair, Nails, Sweat glands, Sebaceous glands

Organs of the Lymphatic System

Lymph vessels, Lymph nodes, Spleen, Tonsils, Thymus gland

examples of lymph nodes

in neck, between growing area, and arm pit

ureters

tube for kidney to bladder

urethra

tube for bladder to outside

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