Digestive System

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nutrients Your body needs __________ found in foods. energy Nutrients provide __________ and materials for cell development, growth, and repair. cell development Nutrients provide energy and materials for __________ __________, growth, and repair. growth Nutrients provide energy and materials for cell development, __________,and repair. repair Nutrients provide energy and materials for cell development, growth, and __________. internal temperature You need energy for every activity and to mainta…

nutrients

Your body needs __________ found in foods.

energy

Nutrients provide __________ and materials for cell development, growth, and repair.

cell development

Nutrients provide energy and materials for __________ __________, growth, and repair.

growth

Nutrients provide energy and materials for cell development, __________,and repair.

repair

Nutrients provide energy and materials for cell development, growth, and __________.

internal temperature

You need energy for every activity and to maintain a steady __________ __________.

replacement

Proteins are used for __________ and repair of body cells and for growth.

repair

Proteins are used for replacement and __________ of body cells and for growth.

growth

Proteins are used for replacement and repair of body cells and for __________.

amino acids

Proteins are made of __________ __________.

eggs

Proteins are found in __________, milk, cheese, and meat.

milk

Proteins are found in eggs, __________, cheese, and meat.

cheese

Proteins are found in eggs, milk, __________, and meat.

meat

Proteins are found in eggs, milk, cheese, and __________.

Essential amino acids

__________ __________ __________ amino acids must be supplied by the foods you eat.

carbohydrates

The main source of energy for your body are __________.

carbon

Carbohydrates are made up of __________, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; energy holds these atoms together.

hydrogen

Carbohydrates are made up of carbon, __________, and oxygen atoms; energy holds these atoms together.

oxygen

Carbohydrates are made up of carbon, hydrogen, and __________ atoms; energy holds these atoms together.

simple

Sugars are __________ carbohydrates.

complex

Starch and fiber are __________ carbohydrates.

Sugars

__________ are found in fruits, honey, and milk.

Starches

__________ are found in potatoes and pasts.

Fiber

__________ is found in whole-grain breads, beans, and peas.

lipids

Fats are also called __________.

energy

Fats provide __________ and help your body absorb vitamins.

vitamins

Fats provide energy and help your body absorb __________.

energy

Because fat is a good storage unit for __________, any excess energy is converted to fat.

fat

Because fat is a good storage unit for energy, any excess energy is converted to __________.

unsaturated

Fats are classified as __________ or saturated based on their chemical structure.

saturated

Fats are classified as unsaturated or __________ based on their chemical structure.

cholesterol

Saturated fats are associated with high __________.

growth

Vitamins are needed for __________, regulating body functions, and preventing disease.

regulating

Vitamins are needed for growth, __________ body functions, and preventing disease.

disease

Vitamins are needed for growth, regulating body functions, and preventing __________.

well balanced diet

A __________-__________ __________ usually gives your body all the vitamins it needs.

vitamins

A well-balanced diet usually gives your body all the __________ it needs.

water soluble

There are two groups of vitamins: __________-__________ vitamins and fat-soluble vitamins.

fat soluble

There are two groups of vitamins: water-soluble vitamins and __________-__________ vitamins.

inorganic

Minerals are __________ nutrients.

chemical reactions

Minerals regulate many __________ __________ in your body.

calcium

Of all the minerals used by your body it uses __________ and phosphorous the most.

phosphorous

Of all the minerals used by your body it uses calcium and __________ the most.

Water

__________ is required for survival.

Cells

__________ need water to carry out their work.

water

Cells need __________ to carry out their work.

nutrients

Most __________ your body needs must be dissolved in water.

water

Most nutrients your body needs must be dissolved in __________.

sixty

The human body is about __________ percent water.

perspire

You lose water each day when you __________, exhale, and get rid of wastes.

exhale

You lose water each day when you perspire, __________, and get rid of wastes.

wastes

You lose water each day when you perspire, exhale, and get rid of __________.

variety

Because no food has every nutrient, you should eat a __________ of foods.

nutrient

Because no food has every __________, you should eat a variety of foods.

food pyramid

The __________ __________ helps people select foods that supply all the nutrients they need.

food group

Foods that contain the same nutrients belong to a __________ __________.

bread, cereal

The five food groups include __________ and __________, vegetable, fruit, milk, and meat.

vegetable

The five food groups include bread and cereal, __________, fruit, milk, and meat.

fruit

The five food groups include bread and cereal, vegetable, __________, milk, and meat.

milk

The five food groups include bread and cereal, vegetable, fruit, __________, and meat.

meat

The five food groups include bread and cereal, vegetable, fruit, milk, and __________.

digestion

The process that breaks down food into small molecules that can be absorbed by blood is called __________.

small molecules

Digestion breaks food down into __________ __________ that can be absorbed by blood.

mechanical

When food is chewed, mixed, and churned __________ digestion is taking place.

chemical

When food is broken down by chemical reactions __________ digestion is taking place.

enzyme

An __________ is a type of protein that speeds up the rate of chemical reaction in your body.

enzymes

Many __________ are involved in the digestion of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.

accessory

Food does not pass through the __________ organs which include the tongue, teeth, salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas.

mouth

The __________ is where your tongue, teeth, and saliva change food into a soft mass called a bolus.

esophagus

The __________ is a muscular tube that moves food to the stomach using peristalsis, or waves of muscle contractions.

peristalsis

Food moves through your digestive system by waves of muscle contractions called __________.

stomach

In the __________ food is digested mechanically by peristalsis and chemically by digestive solutions with the help of enzymes.

mechanically

In the stomach food is digested __________ by peristalsis and chemically by digestive solutions with the help of enzymes.

chemically

In the stomach food is digested mechanically by peristalsis and __________ by digestive solutions with the help of enzygmes.

peristalsis

In the stomach food is digested mechanically by __________ and chemically by digestive solutions with the help of enzymes.

enzymes

In the stomach food is digested mechanically by peristalsis and chemically by digestive solutions with the help of __________.

small intestine

The __________ __________ contains villi which increase surface area to help with the absorption of nutrients.

villi

The small intestine contains __________ which increase surface area to help with the absorption of nutrients.

blood

Once nutrients are absorbed by the villi they are then transported to cells by __________.

surface area

The small intestine contains villi which increase __________ __________ to help with the absorption of nutrients.

large intestine

The __________ __________ absorbs water from undigested chyme.

chyme

The food liquid produced by the stomach is called __________.

water

The main function of the large intestine is to absorb excess __________.

three

When chyme enters the large intestine peristalsis slows down and can stay in the large intestine for __________ days.

rectum

The __________ and anus control the release of solid wastes from the body.

anus

The rectum and __________ control the release of solid wastes from the body.

Bacteria

__________ live in many of the organs of your digestive tract and make vitamins your body needs.

vitamins

Bacteria live in many of the organs of your digestive tract and make __________ your body needs.

esophagus

This picture shows which part of the digestive system? http://o.quizlet.com/i/XeCo1K30uCdK_c9pNi_8Ug.jpg

stomach

This picture shows which part of the digestive system? http://o.quizlet.com/i/tn9pEP43h7TEtjk2H18C_g.jpg

duodenum

This picture shows which part of the digestive system? http://o.quizlet.com/i/5QJ4CZzm_KZLXUobPKbweQ.jpg

small intestine

This picture shows which part of the digestive system? http://o.quizlet.com/i/g2gBdHhTv8xR686IwSK3vg.jpg

liver

This picture shows which part of the digestive system? http://o.quizlet.com/i/1Jp6nAHen-smBNbS5PkQVA.jpg

gall bladder

This picture shows which part of the digestive system? http://o.quizlet.com/i/qrkQE2ZzAeb-ZGMv7pi9rg.jpg

large intestine

This picture shows which part of the digestive system? http://o.quizlet.com/i/SdzPYBFGRJur610h2YXD6g.jpg

rectum

This picture shows which part of the digestive system? http://o.quizlet.com/i/fZihEjUu6c0wBw3zwIJgjQ.jpg

oral cavity

In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "A" pointing to? http://o.quizlet.com/i/o7EViFcUU0GpIfEe4dHSGA.jpg

tongue

In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "B" pointing to? http://o.quizlet.com/i/o7EViFcUU0GpIfEe4dHSGA.jpg

salivary glands

In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "C" pointing to? http://o.quizlet.com/i/o7EViFcUU0GpIfEe4dHSGA.jpg

esophagus

In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "D" pointing to? http://o.quizlet.com/i/o7EViFcUU0GpIfEe4dHSGA.jpg

liver

In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "F" pointing to? http://o.quizlet.com/i/o7EViFcUU0GpIfEe4dHSGA.jpg

gall bladder

In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "G" pointing to? http://o.quizlet.com/i/o7EViFcUU0GpIfEe4dHSGA.jpg

stomach

In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "H" pointing to? http://o.quizlet.com/i/o7EViFcUU0GpIfEe4dHSGA.jpg

pancreas

In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "I" pointing to? http://o.quizlet.com/i/o7EViFcUU0GpIfEe4dHSGA.jpg

duodenum

In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "J" pointing to? http://o.quizlet.com/i/o7EViFcUU0GpIfEe4dHSGA.jpg

small intestine

In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "M" pointing to? http://o.quizlet.com/i/o7EViFcUU0GpIfEe4dHSGA.jpg

large intestine

In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "K" pointing to? http://o.quizlet.com/i/o7EViFcUU0GpIfEe4dHSGA.jpg

appendix

In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "L" pointing to? http://o.quizlet.com/i/o7EViFcUU0GpIfEe4dHSGA.jpg

rectum

In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "N" pointing to? http://o.quizlet.com/i/o7EViFcUU0GpIfEe4dHSGA.jpg

anal canal

In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "O" pointing to? http://o.quizlet.com/i/o7EViFcUU0GpIfEe4dHSGA.jpg

anus

In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "P" pointing to? http://o.quizlet.com/i/o7EViFcUU0GpIfEe4dHSGA.jpg

diaphragm

In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "E" pointing to? http://o.quizlet.com/i/o7EViFcUU0GpIfEe4dHSGA.jpg

amino acids

Proteins are made of __________ __________.

carbohydrates

The main source of energy for your body are __________.

lipids

Fats are also called __________.

unsaturated

Fats are classified as __________ if they have any double bonds.

saturated

Fats are classified as __________ if they have no double bonds.

cholesterol

Saturated fats are associated with high __________.

digestion

The process that breaks down food into small molecules that can be absorbed by blood is called __________.

monomers

Digestion breaks macro molecules down into __________ that can be absorbed by blood.

mechanical

When food is chewed, mixed, and churned __________ digestion is taking place.

chemical

When food is broken down by enzymes or acid, __________ digestion is taking place.

enzyme

An __________ is a type of protein that speeds up the rate of chemical reaction in your body.

enzymes

Many __________ are involved in the chemical digestion of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.

accessory

Food does not pass through the __________ organs which include the salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas.

mouth

The __________ is where digestion begins.

esophagus

The __________ is a muscular tube that moves food to the stomach using peristalsis, or waves of muscle contractions.

peristalsis

Food moves through your digestive system by waves of muscle contractions called __________.

stomach

In the __________, food is mechanically digested by peristalsis and chemically digested by enzymes and hydrochloric acid.

mechanically

In the stomach, food is __________ digested by peristalsis and chemically digested by enzymes and hydrochloric acid.

chemically

In the stomach, food is mechanically digested by peristalsis and __________ digested by enzymes and hydrochloric acid.

small intestine

The __________ __________ is lined with villi which increase surface area to help with the absorption of nutrients.

villi

The small intestine is lined with __________ which increase surface area to help with the absorption of nutrients.

blood

Once nutrients are absorbed by the villi they are then transported to all body cells by the __________.

surface area

The small intestine contains villi which increase __________ __________ to help with the absorption of nutrients.

large intestine

The main function of the __________ __________ is to re-absorb water before eliminating solid waste.

chyme

The liquid mixture of food, water, and digestive enzymes produced by the stomach is called __________.

water

The main function of the large intestine is to re-absorb __________ before eliminating solid waste.

rectum

The __________ and anus control the release of solid wastes from the body.

Bacteria

__________ live in your large intestine and make vitamins from undigested food.

vitamins

Bacteria live in your large intestine and make __________ from undigested food.

esophagus

This picture shows which part of the digestive system? http://o.quizlet.com/i/XeCo1K30uCdK_c9pNi_8Ug.jpg

stomach

This picture shows which part of the digestive system? http://o.quizlet.com/i/tn9pEP43h7TEtjk2H18C_g.jpg

small intestine

This picture shows which part of the digestive system? http://o.quizlet.com/i/g2gBdHhTv8xR686IwSK3vg.jpg

liver

This picture shows which part of the digestive system? http://o.quizlet.com/i/1Jp6nAHen-smBNbS5PkQVA.jpg

gall bladder

This picture shows which part of the digestive system? http://o.quizlet.com/i/qrkQE2ZzAeb-ZGMv7pi9rg.jpg

large intestine

This picture shows which part of the digestive system? http://o.quizlet.com/i/SdzPYBFGRJur610h2YXD6g.jpg

rectum

This picture shows which part of the digestive system? http://o.quizlet.com/i/fZihEjUu6c0wBw3zwIJgjQ.jpg

mouth

In the picture of the digestive system what is letter "A" pointing to? http://o.quizlet.com/i/o7EViFcUU0GpIfEe4dHSGA.jpg