Genre of Tales and Terms

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Genre of Tales and Terms in the middle ages- British Lit.

Chivalric Romance

A nonscholarly narrative in metrical verse; tales of love, adventure, knightly conflict, and pageantry

Myth

Retelling of a classical myth

Breton Lais

Set in Brittany region of France; tales, Celtic in origin, of magic, fairies, folk lore, and courtly love

Beast Fable

Animals are given human qualities and are involved in clever tales that preach a moral lesson

Prose Allegory

Nonpoetic tale in which people and things represent abstract qualities

Mock-Heroic

Ridicules, by imitation, chivalric literature and heroic characters

Mock-Romance

Ridicules the chivalric romance by parody

Jokes

Humorous incidents that ridicule people

Fabliau

Stories based on clever tricks involving infidelity

Sermon

An oratory preaching a Christian message

Exemplum

A sermon that illustrates a known moral lesson

Saint's Legend

Tales of inspirational acts or martyrdom

Miracle of the Virgin

Tales in which the Virgin Mary miraculously aids a follower in time of need

Moral Tale

Tales to inspire moral conduct in the listener

Ballad

a short narrative poem originally composed to be sung

Strophe

a stanza

Tone

the mood of a piece of work

Incremented Repetition

the repetition of a previous line, or lines, but with a slight variation each time thata dvances the narrative stanza by stanza. It is commonly used in the ballad

Theocentric

the medieval idea of a god-centered universe

Feudalism

a complicated system of land holding

Romance

any imaginative literature that is set in an idealzed world and deals with heroic adventures and battles

Allegory

a literary work w/ two or more levels of meaning- one literal and one symbolic (the setting, objects, and characters stand of ideas or qualities beyond themselves)

Miracle and Mystery Plays

plays that depicted stories about the life of Christ or stories from the bible

Morality Plays

a poetic drama developed in the middle ages. dramatized allegory containing abstract virtues. Good and bad usually struggle for the soul of man.

Framework Narrative

a story within a narrative setting or frame, a story within a story

Heroic Couplet

A verse form which consists of rhymed pairs of five beat iambic lines

Physiognomy

The art of estimating character from the features of the face or the form of the body

Satire

A type of writing that mocks or ridicules the weakness and wrongdoing of individuals, groups, or humanity in general

Hyperbole

A deliberate exaggeration or overstatement

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