← Islam Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- new year's day
- the five pillars
- a (750-1258) the 500-year Muslim empire that overthrew the umayyads. Its capital was bagdad. Led by descendents of Muhammad`s uncle al-Abbas
- b Five main duties of a muslim 1. confession (only one god) 2. prayer or worship (five times a day) 3. Alms (to the poor) 4. Fasting (during the month of Ramadan) 5. Pilgrimage (to Mecca)
- c practices vary, but male children are cicumcised from four years old or older
- d Celebrates the flight (hijra) of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina in 622 C.E. Marks the beginning of Muslim calender.
- e ("he who stands before") the leader of shiite community, in contrast to the caliph of the sunnis.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- When Islam discouraged pictorial art, handwriting became an art, feat. words from the Quran.
- (1526-1857) Muslim empire in India. Persian form of the word "Mongol"
- a puritanical sunni reform movement founded in 1746. They opposed Sufi interest in saints and rejected as heresy previously accepted interpretations of Islam.
- ("to go out, leave") Early supporters of Ali, who withdrew their loyalty when Ali agreed to submit his leadership claim to arbitration
- in shiite tradition, the hidden imam who will return at the end of the world
5 True/False Questions
shirk → ("making a partner") the most dangerous offence in islam is to associate other gods with the one god
fatwa → a legal opinion by a qualified jurist, clarifying a disputed point of law. In practice, a fatwa is treated as having force of law
halal Certification → in purpose, like the kosher labels used by Jews. An "M" is enclosed in a circle with a crescent
Prayer (salat) → the third most holy city of Islam. Muslims believe that it was here that abraham offered ishmael as a sacrafice and that muhammad ascended to heaven
dhimmis → ("protected persons") In Islamic countries, Jews and Christians are permitted to practice their religion as dhimmis, after paying a special tax