5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- creed / profession of faith (shahadah)
- night journey
- "right-guided caliphs"
("cube") a pre-islamic cubed building in mecca believed by muslims to have been built by Abraham. It is the center of the Muslim Pilgrimage
- b (570-632) Muslims believe that Muhammad was the last of the prohpets of god, such as abraham, moses, and jesus
- c after the death of muhammad, the muslim community was led by four contemporaries of muhammad (Abu bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali)
- d ("bearing witness") The confession that there is only one God, and Muhammad is the Prophet of God. Confessing this makes one a muslim.
- e (Miraj) Celebration of Muhammad's journey (ascension) to heaven from Jerusalem.
5 Multiple choice questions
- practices vary, but male children are cicumcised from four years old or older
- ("poor") Derived from the Persian "Darwish." Translation of the Arabic "fakir"
- Muhammad's fav. color (the color of his turban) and is often the color of flags of muslim nations. Also, garments to be worn in paradise are said to be green.
- used by muslims at prayer. The mat is designed to be pointed in the direction of Mecca
- (750-1258) the 500-year Muslim empire that overthrew the umayyads. Its capital was bagdad. Led by descendents of Muhammad`s uncle al-Abbas
5 True/False questions
allahu akbar → (1058-1111) a leading intellectual who became a sufi convert. He challenged the independence of philosophy emphasizing the need of revelation
Mughal → (1526-1857) Muslim empire in India. Persian form of the word "Mongol"
yathrib → Medina; the city in which Muhammad and his followers went for safety/refuge when they were removed from Mecca. This event is referred to as Hijra (emigration)
crescent and star →
The most recognized symbol of Islam in the modern world, not an official symbol. Borrowed from christian Constantinople by the conquering Ottomans.
zaidites → ("to go out, leave") Early supporters of Ali, who withdrew their loyalty when Ali agreed to submit his leadership claim to arbitration