the catholic churches response to the protestant reformation
used in motets. Only the Cantus and Tenor were written out, moving in parallel 6ths and ending octaves. a 3rd voice unwritten and sang a 4th below the cantus. 6/3 sonorities.
Harmonice musices odhecaton 1501
The first collection of polyphonic music printed entirely from moveable type by Petrucci
a vocal chamber work with continuo, usually for solo voice, consisting of several sections or movements that include recitative and arias.
Le nuove musiche, 1601/02
numerous songs for solo voice and continuo published in 1602 under the title The New Music
Liber De Arte Contrapuncti
By Johannes Tinctoris, "A book on the art of counterpoint", expressed the distinction between new and older practice; Leading counterpoint treatises.
Polyphonic german Lied
Polyphonic songs adapted from the homophonic italian song style
recitativo obbligato (accompagnato)
Recitativo Semplice (Secco)
St. marks Cathedral
Center of venetian musical culture. proclaimed the citys wealth and close links to the east.
Composition where the voices enter successively at determined pitch and time intervals, all performing the same melody
An existing melody, often taken from a gregorian chant, where a new polyphonic work is based
Chorale setting in the style of a 16 c motet
Keyboard instrument where volume is controlled by the performer and a brass blade strikes the strings.
the combination of voices with one or more instruments, where the instruments play independent parts.
a temperament where the octave is divided into 12 equal semitones. most commonly used tuning.
A form of Basso continuo where the bass line is supplied with numbers or flat or sharp signs to indicate the appropriate chords to be played.
16th c. genre of italian polyphonic song in mock-popular style, typically syllabic, homophonic, and diatonic, with the melody in the upper voice and followed by homophonic sections
resembling a fugue; featuring fugue-like imitation
Keyboard in use between the 15th-18th c. the string was plucked
literary text for an opera or other musical stagework
an accompanied solo song
Doctrine of Affections
Based on the ancient greek notion that music can evoke responses in man.
music for more than choir
Monteverdi's term for the style and practice of 16th c. polyphony. in contradiction to the seconda prattica
A passage or section in an opera in a style that lies somewhere between recitative style and aria style
in an aria, an instrumental passage that recurs several times, like a refrain.
Monteverdi's term for a practice of counterpoint and composition that allows the rules of 16th c. counterpoint to be broken in order to express the feelings of a text
Spanish relative of the lute with a flat back and guitar shaped body
type of polyphonic song in spanish, with several stanzas framed by a refrain
type of harpsichord that is small enough to place on a table
text depiction. leaps, static harmony, fugal section
Basso Continuo Group
italian musicians living around 1600 that invented and employed the new basso continuo style
period of music history from 1600 to about 1750, overlapping the late renaissance and early classic periods.
a strophic hymn. began as monophonic, then polyphonic.
The Council of Trent
Council that met off and on in Trent, Italy between 1545-1563 to try to develop ways to improve the catholic church
16th c. composers started to portray the accents, images and emotions in the texts
17th c. recitative, arioso, and aria styles. alternate with changes between narrative and lyric poetry.
Basso Continuo Realization
The Actual playing of basso continuo.
Concerto Delle Donne
a group of trained singers established by duke alfonso d'este in 1580
The Florentine Camerata
a group of intellectuals that discuss literatur, science, and the arts.