the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water 1 degree celsius
the process in which one glucose is broken in half, producing 2 molecules of pyruvic acid, a 3 carbon compound.
the process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and other food molecules in the presence of oxygen.
an electron carrier that receives 4 high energy electrons from glycolysis.
releases energy from food molecules by producing ATP in the absence of oxygen.
not in air/fermentation is said to be this.
in air/cellular repiration is said to be this.
the second stage of cellular respiration that breaks down pyruvic acid into carbon dioxide in a series of energy extracting reactions.
electron transport chain
uses high-energy electrons from the Krebs Cycle to convert ADP into ATP
the process by which a cell divides into 2 new daughter cells
the first stage of the division of the cell nucleus. Is broken into three parts, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase.
the second stage in the division of the cytoplasm
two identical "sisters" that are connected during the process of cell division and seperate when the cell divides. These make up a chromosome.
the area where each pair of chromatids are attached near the middle.
the "in-between" period between cell divisions.
the series of events that cells go through as they grow and divide. when a cell grows, prepares for division, and divides to form 2 daughter cells.
the first and longest phase of mitosis in which the chromosomes curl up and around each other and become visible.
tiny structures located in the cytoplasm near the nuclear envelope. they seperate and take up positions on opposite sides of the nucleus.
a fanlike microtubule structure that helps seperate the chromosomes.
the second phase of mitosis where the chromosomes line up across the center of the cell.
the third phase of mitosis where the centromeres split allowing the chromatids to seperate and become individual chromosomes.
the fourth phase of mitosis where the chromosomes begin to disperse into a tangle of dense material, a nuclear envelope re-forms, the spindle breaks apart, and a nucleolus becomes visible in each daughter nucleus.
regulate the timing of the cell cycle in eukaryotic cells.
a disorder in which some of the body's own cells lose the ability to control growth.