World History - glencoe

42 terms by efficiencygoals1 

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Chapters 1 2 & 3

GEOGRAPHY

Study of people, their environments, and their resources

LATITUDE

Distance north or south of the equator

LONGITUDE

Distance east or west of the Prime Meridian

PREHISTORY

Period of time before writing systems were invented

ANTHROPOLOGY

Study of the origins and the development of people and their societies

ARCHAEOLOGY

Study of how early people lived

ARTIFACTS

Things such as tools, weapons, and/or clothing, that early people left behind

TECHNOLOGY

More advanced tools that humans could use (ex: wheel, arrows, hammer, etc.)

HISTORIANS

Similar to archaeologists in that they study the lives of earlier people, but focus more on written documents

NOMADS

Traveling people that moved from place to place, hunting and gathering food

DOMESTICATE

to adapt (an animal or plant) to life in intimate association with and to the advantage of humans

CIVILIZATION

An area where there is a particularly high level of cultural and technological development

POLYTHEISTIC

A certain religion that believes in more than one entity or God

PICTOGRAMS

An ancient or prehistoric drawing or painting

ARTISANS

A worker who practices a trade or handicraft

SCRIBES

A person who writes or records information

CITY-STATE

A self-governing state that consists of one large city and surrounding areas

EMPIRE

A major political unit consisting of a vast expanse of land/territory, or several small territories united under one rule

SILT/LOESS

Rich soil carried by flooding rivers for example Nile and Huang He

DELTA

Triangular area of marshland formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of some rivers

DYNASTY

Ruling family

PHAROAHS

Title of the rulers of ancient Egypt

VIZIER

Chief minister who supervised the business of government in ancient Egypt

MUMMIFICATION

Practice of preserving the bodies of the dead

HIEROGLYPHICS

Form of picture writing developed by the ancient Egyptians

PAPYRUS

Plant that grows along the banks of the Nile; used by the ancient Egyptians to make a paperlike material

HIERARCHY

System of ranking people within a society

ZIGGURAT

Pyramid-temple dedicated to the chief god or goddess of an ancient Sumerian city-state

CUNEIFORM

Wedge-shaped writing of the ancient Sumerians

SUBCONTINENT

Large landmass that juts out from a continent

PLATEAU

Raised area of level land

MONSOON

Seasonal wind; in India, the winter monsoon brings hot, dry weather and the summer monsoon brings rain

CASTES

Indian social system in which one is born in an unchangeable social group

HOMIND

Human like creature that walked upright

PALEOLITHIC

Early stone age characterized by nomadic people and hunting and gathering

HAMMURABI

Legal code for ancient Mesopotamian society

MANDATE OF HEAVEN

Chinese dynastic belief that they ruled with divine right

ORACLE BONES

Bones used by Chinese priests for predictions

MESOPOTAMIA

THE FERTILE CRESCENT BETWEEN THE TIGRIS AND EUPHRATES RIVER

PATRIACHAL SOCIETY

SOCIETY WHERE MEN DOMINATE

NILE RIVER

SITE OF AN EARLY RIVER CIVILIZATION IN NORTHEAST AFRICA

ZIGGURAT

Stepped temple building from the Ancient Sumerian Culture

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